Causes and symptoms of cardiac ischemia
In most cases ischemia occurs due to atherosclerosis of the arteries is a pathological process in which the lumens of the vessels are narrowed due to the formation of sclerotic plaques. The first signs of the disease are unpleasant, painful sensations in the heart area. May appear pains in the chest, back, lower jaw, there is rapid heartbeat, excessive perspiration with slight physical exertion dyspnea. The most typical symptom of coronary heart disease - angina (local pain in the retrosternal region), it fits in most cases do not last more than 10 minutes. If you don't pursue proper treatment of coronary heart disease, this will lead to dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system, myocardial infarction, and ultimately to death.
In some cases, ischemia of the heart does not manifest itself until the sudden death of the man.
How to treat ischemic heart disease
Treatment of coronary heart disease a long, hard and consistent. Each patient is examined individually, the results of the research determine the tactics of therapy. In the treatment process should reduce the impact of risk factors of atherosclerosis. In hypertension, the desired control pressure. Should undertake the treatment of concomitant diseases (arterial hypertension, hyperthyroidism, anemia, etc.). Will be useful moderate exercise, such as walking.
Ischemia of the heart patient must give up Smoking.
Patients are administered nitrates, belonging to the group of antianginal drugs. These drugs reduce the tension of the myocardial wall and reduce its need for oxygen. Cupping and to prevent them prescribed Nitroglycerin. The dose should be sufficient to relieve an attack, but it should not cause sudden hypotension, headache, sensation of pulsation in the head. The patient may be given: "Nitrosorbid", blockers b-adrenoreceptors ("Inderal"), antagonists of calcium channels ("Nifedipine", "Verapamil", "Diltiazem").
Patients with angina, it is recommended to keep a diary in which to note the admission Nitroglycerin, to reflect the relationship of attacks to physical activity and other factors. This diary will help the doctor to choose an individual treatment programme for each patient. For the treatment of ischemia has been successfully used technique for mechanical revascularization. In this case is percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty - a nonsurgical method of restoring the lumen of the coronary artery.
Advice 2: How to treat ischemia of the heart
Coronary heart disease called myocardial damage caused by insufficient blood flow in the coronary arteries. Another name for ischemia, coronary heart disease. In most cases, this disease is a reversible process.
Signs of cardiac ischemia
Mostly coronary artery disease develops in men after 50 years. Clinically, the disease can manifest itself in different ways. Very characteristically the emergence of angina - chest pain. Pain often occur during times of stress or after exercise. In the process of development of the disease like seizures are becoming more frequent. Also may be concerned about arrhythmia or tachycardia, feeling short of breath, difficult breath. Some patients experience no symptoms. A complication of coronary heart disease can be heart failure and myocardial infarction.
Causes of cardiac ischemia
Increased risk of the disease affects people with diabetes, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, high cholesterol levels. Coronary artery disease precedes the contraction, and subsequently full blockage of the coronary arteries. The main cause of the disease is atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. Also ischemia of the heart may occur due to increased blood viscosity and blood clots. A result of narrowing blood vessels the heart lacks oxygen and nutrients.
Treatment of cardiac ischemia
Therapy for cardiac ischemia, primarily aimed at reduction in the rate of blood flow in the coronary arteries. It is important to remove or reduce barriers to the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. Depending on the state of the coronary arteries and blood vessels, the doctor may be limited to medication or suggest surgery.
The main drugs used in ischemic heart statins to lower cholesterol, beta-blockers, heparins for the prevention of blood clots, nitrates to relieve pain. Patients need to regularly take prescribed medications and do not change treatment without consulting a doctor.
Surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease are used in severe angina attacks. The most tangible result bring the surgery, which is aimed at restoring blood flow - angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting.
As methods of prevention, patients should follow a special diet with restriction of animal fats, sugary and salty foods. Very important is the complete quitting. She needed constant physical activity. Very important role has the restorative treatment in specialized sanatoriums where the sick is aerotherapy, heliotherapy, thalassotherapy, uses of radon, sulphide and iodine-bromine baths, the methods of electrotherapy, etc.