What rights and benefits is a pregnant woman at work
According to the laws of the Russian Federation pregnant women tried to defend and protect, giving them certain privileges. Although often due to legal illiteracy about some of them, most just don't know, and the employer is in no hurry to talk about it. Also to take the work a woman in the position of no hurry (although to refuse for this reason, has no right), because pregnant women are not good employees (that on keeping, just for planned admission), and the responsibility for them a lot.
But despite all the difficulties, the pregnant woman should be sure to know that she is right. Basic rules detailed in 18.104.22.1685 SanPiN-96 "Hygienic requirements to working conditions of women" in the 4th section.
If a woman works in an environment which may be dangerous or difficult for her (and baby), you have to transfer to lighter work with preservation of average wages. Such conditions include: heavy physical work, working with chemical and radioactive substances, contact with infectious diseases, etc. you must provide to the employer a certificate of his position and the application of translation.
Also a pregnant woman does not have the right to send to various travel, forced to work overtime, weekend and night shifts. If you feel unwell (with medical certificate) it is possible to reduce the working day - wages paid, respectively, at the same time worked.
Pregnant also do not have the right to dismiss, except when there is a complete liquidation of the organization. If a woman worked on temporary contracts, it is obliged to prolong her desire.
Thus, pregnant women under the law are indeed protected. But unfortunately, if they do not work in public institutions (where this all is strictly), it can cause a number of problems. The impossibility of transfer to lighter work because of her lack or mismatch of skills, unwillingness of the employer to keep staff constantly in the hospital (in the case of persistent threats), etc. Can all these issues be resolved in court, but it is important to solve, whether will damage it to the health of the woman and her unborn child (because a court case can be a lengthy process, taking a lot of effort and nerves).
What are the benefits and compensation based on working pregnant woman
Women, by law, have to leave on maternity leave on the 7th month of pregnancy. And they are entitled to benefits for 140 days (70 before the birth and 70 after) according to their 100% salaries. If complicated childbirth or multiple births, the entitlement is increased to 156 and 194 days respectively. This allowance is paid once (in some cases, arrangements may be split into 2 parts). To obtain this leave and maternity benefit, the woman must bring to his work a number of documents (sick leave, a statement about the vacation, a statement of benefit).
After decree a woman has the right to go on leave to care for a child up to 3 years. While its seniority and location stored. The first half of the year, he will be charged 40% of her wages (the calculation under the new rules more complex-it takes into account all the income in 2 years). Further leave will be unpaid (except for privileged categories, including citizens affected by the BSEC). All documents for the granting of leave necessary to bring to their place of work (statement, birth certificate, child passport copy and proof of her husband's work that he gets nothing but proof of benefits, if they exist). And the Handbook gives you, the employer, and then he has it is compensated by the relevant authorities (the FSF, the Federal Treasury).
In the event of liquidation of the company while women on leave to care for a child, it must provide all the documents to the social security authorities to obtain their allowance already there.
After 3 years, the woman has the right to return to the previous job. In case of replacement of another worker, it must return or offer an alternative.
Pregnant women and new mothers the laws of the Russian Federation to protect, though not always, these laws are respected. So know your rights, to defend them and not allow themselves to be deceived.