Characteristics of children with autism
The concept of autism was introduced in 1920, and infantile autism were described in the forties of the last century. The main thesis in the description of the autistic child is with the surrounding world, when a person does not perceive or understand the events happening around. Features of "children of rain" is described in detail in the book, Eric Blair of "Autistic thinking."
From the first months of life the child with autism avoid direct contact and interaction with adults, not pressed, when it take on hands. They avoid looking directly into the mother's eyes, eye look, because they have a more developed peripheral vision. Autistic children may not respond as usual to the sounds in his name.
An autistic child may be able in mathematics or music, it is fine to draw, but to be helpless in everyday life, bad to make contact with people. Other spheres of life and activities, not interested in autistic people, they can not touch. The IQ of such children is often more than 70 out of 100 points possible.
With proper and patient training, coupled with time consuming, educated in love and care, these children can show considerable creativity to be smarter than many normal children.
"Children of rain" a lot of phobias. They are bound by stereotypes much more than the average person. They are afraid of everything new and strange. Changes in external conditions even to a small degree might be for such a child a tragedy. Another feature of autism is the lack of visible attachment to loved ones, even to his mother or brother, sister.
The last theory does not believe autism is a hereditary disease. Rather, it can be transmitted to a genetic predisposition. The appearance of autism in children may be associated with birth injuries due to violations of fetal development during pregnancy, other, not yet understood, factors. "Children of rain" in the world there are more.
Children of the Sun, or down syndrome
This is one of the most common genetic disorders. But not a disease. In a normal cell, 46 chromosomes, half paternal chromosomes, half maternal and they are located strictly in pairs. In children with down syndrome in the twenty-first pair appears extra chromosome. The extra chromosome is determined only by a physician-geneticist from the blood. Such deviation occurs quite often. For every 800 to 1,000 newborns have one with the 47th chromosome.
Today unclear the reason for the anomaly. These children can grow as the family scientist or politician and the farmer's family or an employee of the plant. In families parents leading a healthy lifestyle or living happily. Deviations are not associated with environmental problems or climate.
"Children of the Sun" is easily recognizable. They have a difference in head shape and facial features, they are very similar to each other. Health they are usually weak, the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, often there is dysfunction of thyroid and vision.
Squeamish attitude to children of the Sun is unfair and humiliating. The opinion that they are aggressive, are deeply mistaken. The sun symbolizes their kindness and mental purity. Using the term "retard" is simply unacceptable.
Typically, these children lag behind in development, but the skill level differs greatly within this group. With appropriate education of the children of the Sun learn to speak, read. They just need to do on other programs. Such children can attend kindergartens and schools. Upon graduation, more than 80% get profession and work in many areas.