What is maternity leave
Understand under the maternity leave available to a pregnant woman before and after childbirth. It is divided into prenatal and postnatal periods. The first is necessary in order to make it a rest, gain strength and prepare for the baby's arrival, and the second for recuperation after childbirth.
To obtain leave for pregnancy and childbirth, you must provide a piece of temporary disability ("sick") at the place of study or work. His pregnant needs to obtain where consists on the account in female consultation or private medical center. Must be licensed to provide services to pregnant women and the results of "hospital".
When to go on maternity leave
According to the Labour code of Russia, a woman can go on maternity leave for the period 30 weeks if she is expecting one child, and 28 weeks if two or more children. With a strong desire and good health woman can refuse the decree, and to continue to work as usual up to the birth. However, at any time, she has every right to go on maternity leave.
The duration of the decree for singleton pregnancies and childbirth without complications is 140 days (70 days before birth and the same after). When complications arise during childbirth leave is increased by 16 days and is 156 days (70 days before the birth and 86 days after). Additional "sick" in this case gives the hospital at discharge. In the case of a multiple pregnancy and the birth of two or more children, the duration of the decree is 194 days (84 days before the birth and 110 days after). There are preferential categories of citizens residing in the territory affected by Chernobyl (zone of alienation) and other in the law), which also increased the period of maternity leave.
In that case, if the birth occurs in the decree, but before the scheduled date, the leave is not reduced. Just the number of "premature" days added to days after birth. If women had a birth before she had to go on maternity leave, she is given sick leave for a period of 156 calendar days from the moment of birth.
Myself maternity leave is paid at the rate of 100% of the monthly wage. Payment is made once - at the point of care women on vacation. After it ends you can take leave to care for a child or to go to work. The early return to work (before the end of maternity leave) the hospital closes. In this case, the accounting Department needs to make its allocation.