Accurate and absolutely complete classification of this genre of the novel to give almost impossible, as most such works are always in conflict with accepted literary conventions. In this literary genre at all stages of its development is always closely intertwined elements of modern drama, journalism, mass culture and film. The only consistent element of the novel remains the method of narration is in the form of a report. Because of this, the novel can be identified and described.
Initially in the 12th and 13th centuries, the roman word meant any written text in old French language and only in the second half of the 17th century partly acquired its modern meaning.

Roman social

The basis of these works is the description of the different behaviors adopted in a particular society, and characters ' actions that are contrary to or corresponding to those values. Social novel has 2 types: cultural-historical and novopashenny.

Novopashenny the novel is a chamber social the story focused on the standards and ethical nuances of behavior in society. A vivid example of a work of this kind is the novel Jane Austen "Pride and prejudice".

Cultural-historical novel, as a rule, describes the history of any family amid cultural and moral standards of his time. Unlike krivopolenova, the novel concerns the story exposes a deep study of individual personality and offers its own social psychology. A classic example of the cultural-historical novel is "War and peace" Tolstoy. It is noteworthy that this form of the novel very often simulates so-called blockbusters. For example, a popular work of M. Mitchell "gone with the wind", at first glance, has all the signs of cultural-historical novel. But the abundance of melodramatic episodes, the characters stereotypical and superficial social psychology suggests that this novel is only an imitation of serious works.

Psychological novel

In this type of novels all the attention of the reader is focused on the inner world of man. Work in the genre of psychological novel is full of inner monologues, stream of consciousness of the main character, analytical comments and symbols. "Great expectations" by Charles Dickens, "Notes from underground" by Dostoevsky – bright representatives of the psychological form of the novel.

A novel of ideas

A novel of ideas or "philosophical" novel uses his characters as carriers of various intellectual theories. In works of this type are always a lot of space given to different kinds of ideas and opinions on everything, from moral values of society to the space. An example of such a novel may be a work of the famous philosopher Plato's "Dialogues" in which the participants and the characters are the mouthpiece of Plato.

Adventure novel

The novel searches novel with intrigue, romance, espionage Thriller also refer to this type of novels. Typically, such compositions are full of action, intricacies of the plot, brave and strong characters, love and passion. The main purpose of adventure novels is to entertain the reader, could be compared with the movie.
The longest novel "People of goodwill" Louis Henri Jean Farigoule, aka Jules Romains (France) were published in 27 volumes in 1932-1946 gg. In the novel 4959 pages and approximately 2070000 words (not counting the 100-page pointer).

Novel experimental

The main feature of experimental novels is that they are difficult to read. In contrast to classical types of the novel, in these works, breaks the logic of cause and effect. In the experimental novel may, for example, missing the story itself, to know who is the main character, is also optional, all attention is given to style, structure and form of the play.