To achieve the desired results, to grow hot peppers need directly using seedlings. February-March is the best time. To do this, prepare the boxes with a light and loose soil. Before sowing the soil liberally pour hot water with addition of potassium permanganate. The optimum temperature for the growth of seed – 24-26 degrees.
The first seedlings will appear after 15-20 days, after which a box of seedlings put in the light place where the temperature should be 20-24 degrees. When you see the first true leaves, these seedlings swoops in separate small pots, buried up to their cotyledons. At the age of 60-70 days the seedlings can already be planted in open ground, about the middle of may. Keep in mind the time that in no event it is impossible to grow hot peppers next to sweet or in close proximity to tomatoes.
Hot peppers love heat and lots of light. When growing it indoors, immediately after the spring frost, place the pot on a Sunny balcony or in the garden. Pepper does not tolerate dry soil, so don't forget to water it twice a week warm and settled water (25-30 degrees).
Twice a month it is desirable to feed hot pepper complex fertilizers. Especially beneficial to its growth ash, to do this, soak two tablespoons of ash in three pints of water, steep for several days, not forgetting to stir regularly. Strain and use for fertilizing. Bloom pepper starts in may-June and continues to bear fruit until late autumn.
To early frosts put the pot with the plant in a bright and cool place where the temperature is between 14-18 degrees. If you grow hot peppers in the greenhouse, then compact types of varieties, you can dig up in early September and put in the house, moving to a cool place. At this time, try to reduce watering and feeding to a minimum.
If indoor air is too dry - it would be appropriate periodic spraying of the leaves. Again in February, move the plant in a warm place and cut, leaving the stems 5-6 inches. Annual trimming will help you to keep youth and decorative plants in the next 3-5 years.
The cultivation of pepper is not much different from growing sweet pepper. It is better to grow hot pepper seedlings, to plant you need for 40-50 days after emergence, when it has six leaves and the plant height about 15 cm per square meter it is advisable to plant five plants and immediately mulch the soil under them.
Features of cultivation of bitter pepper on the windowsill. To grow hot peppers in a pot on the windowsill in the apartment necessary to have a quality earthen substrate, a Sunny windowsill (in the presence of sunlight at least 3-4 hours a day), self-pollinated seeds and the daylight lamp (bicolano) for supplementary lighting in winter.