Advice 1: As the gnats

Mosquitoes are insects with a complete cycle of transformations. They develop in four stages, each of which is very short. The lifespan of a mosquito is approximately 2-3 weeks. During this time can manage to receive not one, but several generations of insects.
As the gnats
The mosquitoes of the opposite sex to create. After the male fertilizes the female mosquito, she starts looking for warm blood. If hunting was successful, the blood inside the mosquito, the females gradually digested, and thus formed and Mature testes. After a certain period of time the mosquito is ready to lay eggs. All you need is fresh water, e.g. a puddle. Mosquitoes are very sensitive to moisture, so quickly able to find water.
The female mosquito can lay more than hundred eggs. They develop very quickly. For this process you need only 7-8 days. Largely the rate of formation of the larvae in the egg depends on the ambient temperature. Summer conditions are very favorable, and soon the eggs appear of mosquito larvae. Their length is approximately two millimeters. Future mosquitoes easily find their foods in stagnant water - they feed on various small organisms.
Of mosquito larvae moult to the extent of its growth several times after that they turn into a chrysalis. It is quite curious pupae of mosquitoes are very mobile and their movement speed is much higher than that of the larvae. The fact is that if the pupae do not appear to move in the water, they will float and become vulnerable to predators. Initially, the pupa of the mosquito is brown, but by the end of the period of its formation it becomes black. The pupal stage mosquitoes have still shorter than stage larvae. Its duration is only four days.
The pupae adult insect - the mosquito. Otherwise, it is called the imago. He breaks the skin of the pupa, pushing the head forward, i.e. first the light appears the proboscis of a mosquito, and only after that everything else. Mosquitoes the males develop faster than females, so they emerge from the pupae a little early.
The female mosquito during life is not the need for blood, the thirst comes only after fertilization.

Advice 2: As a flash

Lightning storm – the mighty and majestic phenomenon of nature, able to inspire awe with its power. In ancient times lightning was considered a manifestation of supernatural forces, the evidence of God's wrath. However, with the development of science for mankind it has become clear that there is nothing mysterious or supernatural in nature, no lightning. Their occurrence and properties are subject to understandable physical laws.
As a flash

In essence, lightning is just a very powerful electrical discharge. It is similar to what can occur if you actively comb clean, dry hair with a plastic comb or RUB a wool cloth ebonite rod. In fact, and in another case, accumulates static electricity, which is discharged in the form of a bright spark and crackle. Only in the case of a thundercloud instead of a weak crackling sound is heard a clap of thunder.

Lightning occurs when the electrification of storm clouds, where inside the cloud formed a strong electric field. But there may be a legitimate question: why is electrification of the clouds? Because there are no solid objects that could RUB against and collide with each other and thus create an electrical voltage.

In fact, it is not as difficult as it seems. Storm cloud – it's just a huge amount of steam, the upper part which is at an altitude of 6-7 km, and the bottom does not exceed 0.5-1 km above the ground. But at the height of more than 3 km from the surface air temperature always below zero, so the steam inside the clouds turns into small pieces of ice. And these pieces of ice are in constant motion due to air currents inside the cloud. The less ice, the easier they are, and getting into the upward flow of heated air rising from the earth's surface, they also move in the upper layers of clouds.

On your way up these small pieces of ice collide with larger, and each such collision causes the electron. Small pieces of ice are charged positively and negatively. As a result of such movements in the upper part of the thundercloud accumulates a large number of positively charged ice particles and large, heavy, and negatively charged ice remain in the bottom layer. In other words, the upper edge of the thundercloud is charged positively and the lower negatively.

And when large oppositely charged areas are fairly close to each other, between them there is a glowing plasma channel, wherein flock charged particles. The result is a lightning discharge, which can be observed a bright light zig-zag. The electric field of the clouds has a huge tension during the lightning discharge releases massive energy of the order of a billion joules.

Lightning discharge can occur within the thundercloud, between two adjacent clouds or between cloud and earth's surface. In the latter case the power of electrical discharges between the earth and the clouds is incomparably greater, and the power of the electric energy passing through the atmosphere, can create a current capacity of up to 10,000 amps. For comparison it is worth remembering that the current in a normal home wiring does not exceed 6 amps.

Zippers are usually in the form of a zigzag, because flying to the earth the charged particles collide with particles in the air and change their direction of movement. Also the zipper can be linear or branched. One of the most rare and poorly understood form of lightning is ball lightning, which has the shape of a glowing Orb and can move parallel to the surface of the earth.

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