Advice 1: How to develop the hand after stroke

After stroke, the mobility of the arms may be violated. I bring to your attention a complex of simple exercises that will help to restore the mobility of your hand.
How to develop the hand after stroke
The exercises are simple, but require regularity. Perform these exercises 3-5 times a day.
1. Take clothespins in a damaged hand, squeeze and open your it in for 2-3 minutes, if needed, helping with his good hand. Repeat the exercise with his good hand. Every day increase the perform exercises for 10 seconds.
2. Bend your arms at the elbows, grasp right hand left elbow left hand right elbow. Swing arms left to right 5 minutes.
3. Select 3 balls of different sizes and ride them damaged by hand for 1 minute. If it is difficult to perform this exercise - put the ball in the injured arm, and on top – healthy and do the exercise with both hands.
4. Mix in a bowl a Cup of beans and peas. Put next to two bowls and divide the beans and peas. Try to use only damaged the arm. After the exercise you will start to run pretty quickly – replace the peas with beans on rice with buckwheat.
5. Bend the fingers of a damaged hand in a fist as hard as you can and in turn expand the fingers. If you don't get to do this injured hand and help healthy.
If after a stroke damaged both hands or the person is not able to perform exercises to help them close. For this, they should put his hand over the hands of a man who suffered a stroke, and to perform the exercises.

Advice 2: How to recover the hand after a stroke

Currently, the stroke is considered to be one of the most dangerous and severe disease of the nervous system. It is a violation of cerebral circulation of blood or simply a brain hemorrhage. To avoid stroke , you must maintain a proper and healthy lifestyle, less Smoking and drinking alcohol, then the probability of stroke can be greatly reduced.
How to recover the hand after a stroke
Instruction
1
Different people have effects of a stroke vary as well. One lost it, another memory, the third starts to go bad, and the fourth numb and the hand is taken away. Recovery after stroke is a complex multistep process that can be divided into psychological and physical rehabilitation. Psychological recovery includes the therapist, constant work on yourself and develop a positive attitude to life. Think about the recovery and be aimed at a positive result. Positive thoughts combined with compound exercises will put you on your feet.
2
Regular exercise for recovery after stroke are a major constituent component of physical rehabilitation. For the correct instructions on how to perform the exercises for hands consult a physiotherapist who will select the most suitable set of exercises. In any case, do not be discouraged and do not despair if the expected result is not a long time. Sooner or later you will feel that the hand begins to work normally. Over time completely restoring her health, you'll be able to live a full active life, play sports and perform daily routine work.
3
If you are unable to return the motor activity of hands at home, then go recovery after stroke in a sanatorium, where you will provide proper care and ensure the regular passage of all necessary procedures. Sign up for courses a massage that will speed up rehabilitation of your body after a stroke. Conducted by experienced professional massage will help as soon as possible to normalize the blood circulation in the hands, which in itself is very important as the normal blood circulation will help restore motor skills and physical activity of your hand. Follow the above recommendations, it will help you in the shortest possible time to cope with the disease and bring back the joy of everyday life.

Advice 3: How to do exercises for rehabilitation after a stroke

Cerebrovascular disease is one of the most frequent causes of death and disability among the population. But after a stroke it is really fully recover and lead an active lifestyle. The main thing - not to give up and as soon as the doctor gives permission, start to perform special exercisesthat will help to get better.
How to do exercises for rehabilitation after a stroke
Instruction
1
The treatment will progenealogists the patient on his back so that the muscles that are in the high tone, have been stretched. Put the paralyzed side of the chair, put on his pillow. Then put her injured hand palm up. Straighten the elbow and move to the side, so that between it and the body formed a right angle. Under his arm put the roller, the fingers straighten. Next, the fingers, hand and forearm primenjuje to lengede (use plywood or light metal). Then, to lock the hand, place on top of a small bag of salt or sand weighing about 500 g. a Paralyzed leg bend in the knee (at an angle of 15-20 degrees) and put under her cushion. The foot must be fixed at a right angle. In this position, the patient should be 1.5-2 hours 2-3 times a day.
2
Treatment stonemade the doctor will allow the patient to sit, he needs to learn to "walk" in a sitting position. Help the patient to sit up in bed. Under your back place a pillow and put under the feet of the bench. Now it needs to simulate walking. For a start it is enough to perform the exercise for 3-5 minutes per day. Over time, increase the duration to 1 hour. Once the patient has learned to "go browsing", ask him to try to stand up, holding on to the headboard. Hold him by the waist and fix the joint of the patient's legs in a bent position with his knee.Next, ask the patient to stand up. Help podstrahovyvayas it. Ensure that the patient stood erect, evenly distributing the weight on two legs. First, the stand should be 1-3 minutes. Gradually increase the time spent in this position for up to 30 minutes.When people learn to stand confidently, it needs to develop alternate weight shift from one foot to the other. At first, he needs to stick behind the headboard or a special bracket in the wall. Also don't forget to fix the joint to a leg injury in flattened form.
3
Treatment codenamespace actively help the patient. Stand up from the bad moving limbs, and a paralyzed hand he should put you on the neck, helping himself with his good hand.Next, invite the person to try to take a few steps without support, but with support. For this fit a regular chair or a special Walker, and then go on a stick. Start with walking around the room, the apartment. Then get to the ladder and go outside. Pay attention to the position of the foot of the patient. Watch out that his leg was actively bent at the knee and hip joints weren't moved to the side and does not touch the toe floors.Very useful to walk along the path with signs which can be built independently. To do this, take a piece of the Wallpaper, soak the foot and walk on it. Then drag your tracks - your track is ready. Ask the patient to pass through it. He needs to get to trail my stop focusing on it. And that leg is not clinging to the floor, put a matchbox in front of the marks from the sore feet. The task of the patient - not to hurt them. Gradually increase the height of the obstacles up to 15 cm.
4
Self-treatment balneohotels classes simple and effective. For example in the development of the shoulder joint will suit the following exercise. Fingers healthy hands take fingers paralyzed "the castle". Raise your hands, then tilt left and right. If the toes are already fairly well bent complicate the exercise. Take gymnastic stick with two hands. Then lift it up and lower over head.For the development of dexterity and coordination, it is useful to work with cubes, plasticine and children's designer.You should also master the locks, valves, water valves, switches and telephone. You need to gradually connect to cleaning the apartment, cooking and washing dishes.
5
To restore attention, speech and coordination spend with patients every day, a few exercise games. For example: - "synonyms" (the patient calls the word, similar in meaning with the word you mentioned); - "opposites" (opposite in meaning); - "think of the name" (for picture, pictures, photos); - "think of rhyme"; - "to be continued" (the patient remembers and finishes the line from the poem).And in the later stages of recovery useful puzzles, crosswords, puzzles, mental calculation, "TIC TAC toe" game in words. As well as the patient ought daily to write and draw.
Useful advice
Remember:

- activities for recovery should be gentle;
- exercises must be performed regularly;
- training intensity should depend on the type of stroke;
the best results can be achieved in the first 6 months after the disease.

Advice 4: What not to eat and do after a stroke

In the post-stroke period, the treatment should be directed at preventing further progression of the disease and its complications. After the stabilization, the attending physician must order the required rehabilitation program.
What not to eat and do after a stroke

The period of rehabilitation after a stroke



The main cause of disability in stroke patients, is considered a violation of motor activity. It makes the process of self-service and dramatically changes the patient's life. Recovery of motor function after stroke is slow. In favorable cases, it starts in 5-15 days and lasts 2-5 months. Restoration of function of the lower limb is observed by the 4th week, the top - 12th, for 2-3 month there is a restoration of sensitivity within 1-12 weeks speech. Timely and properly-organized rehabilitation therapy allows the patient to achieve in the early stages of a significant improvement in physical activity. The patient will be able to get up and adapt to the self, in the future it can return a disabled (partially or completely). For this it is necessary to strictly follow the doctor appointments.
The intensive work with patients in the first six months after stroke it is possible to achieve more significant recovery of motor activity.


The patient should regularly do the exercises that are recommended by the doctor, this is not to avoid mental and physical fatigue. You should carefully monitor your blood pressure. It is necessary to take measures for its normalization, since low or high blood pressure simultaneously with circulatory disorders in the capillaries significantly increases the risk of recurrent stroke.

Diet in the period after a stroke



In the post-stroke period must be observed anticholesterol diet, the diet should include foods that increase the fluidity of blood and reducing blood clots. One or two times a week, you can consume boiled lean beef, chicken without skin, doctor's sausage, black bread made from wheat flour, egg whites, pasta from durum wheat, semolina, rice, cocoa, weak black tea.

During this period, it is recommended to eat boiled, steamed or baked vegetables (zucchini, eggplant, any cabbage), greens, berries and fruits, but not very sweet (apples, cranberries, apricots, cherries, figs). You can eat oats, buckwheat, beans, corn (canned), vegetable oil (olive, linseed, soybean, corn), Apple cider vinegar, yogurt, low fat yogurt, cottage cheese, nuts (except peanuts), green tea, herbal teas.
The patient will be useful to marine fish, red fish, soaked herring, mackerel, seaweed, shrimp.


There are food restrictions in the post-stroke period: the patient can not eat offal, fat meat, fat, dairy products high in fat, greasy sausages, mayonnaise. Contraindications include egg yolk, coffee, strong tea, alcoholic drinks, spicy, fried, salty foods.

Advice 5: How to restore memory after a stroke

Diseases of the cardiovascular system slowly but surely go in the first place. A significant share in this group is stroke, which is often the cause of disability, loss of ability to self-care and death. Significant reduction in memory in particular and cognitive functions in General - one of the most common problems in people who have had a stroke.
How to restore memory after a stroke
You will need
  • - a doctor working in rehabilitation (usually together therapist, neurologist, cardiologist);
  • - crossword puzzles, poems.
Instruction
1
Treat the underlying disease. This will help greatly reduce the risk of repeated episodes of illness and will contribute to a more smooth period of rehabilitation after cerebrovascular accident. If a stroke happened, so there were reasons. In the elderly is hypertension, and atherosclerosis, in young - congenital vascular (elongation, tortuosity, and other violations of the building). Permanent adequate control of blood pressure, regular intake of antihypertensive drugs, compliance with hyposalemia diet will help fight hypertension. To combat atherosclerosis cholesterinspiegel useful tools, such as statins, Niacin, fibrates. Necessarily diet. With anomalies of development of vessels to fight harder, but in some cases surgical treatment.
2
Drink special medicines to improve memory as directed by your healthcare practitioner. Range of medicines, taken for this purpose is quite broad. Medication prescribed by a doctor depending on the characteristics of each patient. The main goal of treatment is to improve cerebral blood flow and reduce oxygen starvation in the tissues of the brain. In case of increased tone and rigidity of the vessels shown calcium channel blockers, in violation of neurohumoral regulation apply alpha-blockers, tranquilizers. Can also be assigned to antiplatelet agents, vitamins E, C, b, a nootropic drugs.
3
Train your memory alone. It is proved that the loss of memory to a lesser extent, occurs in people who regularly have an intelligent load. With this purpose, it is good to memorize verses, solve crossword puzzles, crossword puzzles, different logic tasks. As well as muscles from permanent loads gain strength and elasticity, the brain with regular exercise gradually accumulate experience. People in recovery do have something in common with a small child – someone re-learning to walk, someone to talk, someone take care of themselves. Much depends on the individual desire to live, to go forward.

Advice 6: How to apply for disability after a stroke

A disability group is assigned a medical social expert Commission. If after a stroke is completely or partially lost working capacity and the recovery period is slow, you need to consult your doctor and ask for a referral for examination. You will also need to go through many tests and examinations.
How to apply for disability after a stroke
You will need
  • -a direction on mediko-social examination
  • -tests and examinations
  • -passport
  • -extract from history of disease
  • -statement
Instruction
1
The assignment of disability are governed by: Federal law No. 181-F3 from 24.11.95, numerous changes and additions from 24.07.98, from 4.01. and 17.07. 1999, from 27.05.2000, 9.06, 8.08, 29.12, 30.12. 2001, 29.05.02, 10.01.03. Changes and additions were made in 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009. All changes and additions approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation 20.02.06. No. 95 and No. 247 of 7.04.08. On the basis of the law and taking into account of the disease, as well as all of the submitted surveys, we can assign a disability group.
2
All necessary tests and examinations can be done in a hospital, if in a clinic it can be done. If the hospital wrote to apply for disability, relatives may agree with the local doctor. Then the patient hospitalitynet to carry out the necessary surveys that will be required to submit for examination.
3
If the person is walking, all areas of the survey may be obtained from the attending physician in the clinic by place of residence.
4
You will also need a direction for medico-social expertise. It is given out in the district hospital after examination by the Commission of the history of the disease and of the studies. The direction must be signed by the chief physician of policlinic and printing companies.
5
On the basis of the direction of the research, extracts from the medical history, medico-social expert Commission will decide whether to give the disability and define the group.
6
If a person refused to issue directions to the Commission or gave a disability, please contact the health Department with a statement of the holding of the Commission on higher level.
7
After a stroke, the disabilities give not always, but only in the case if some part of the brain is not fully recovered, and impaired speech, movement or other functions.
8
If the disability was given, the year will have to undergo re-examination, to introduce a new examination and fresh analysis. Only the disabled of the first group can undergo re-examination once in two years.

Advice 7: What happens to the body after quitting Smoking cigarettes

Smoking is one of the most harmful dependencies humanity. Currently, an increasing number of people are trying to give up this harmful habit and try to join the healthy way of life.
What happens to the body after quitting Smoking cigarettes
To quit Smoking is not so simple as it seems, as the body gets used to the dose of nicotine and, of course, is going through huge stress, so to speak, "breaking". In order to help the person on a psychological level, many developed techniques, written books, created training and mugs.


Changes in the body while quitting cigarettes



Craving cigarettes all differ in length and may be delayed for a period of weeks to months. The worst, of course, will be the first few days. The main – stay to the end, otherwise your attempt will fail. This withdrawal of the body is called the "syndrome of refusal of Smoking" and can be accompanied by the following symptoms: of course, unbridled desire to smoke and inhale cigarette smoke, impatience, insomnia, irritability and nervous breakdowns, depression. Also, a person may headache and dizziness, tinnitus, sweating, hand tremors, shortness of breath and a wet cough, weight gain due to increase appetite. Most likely, you'll be sick after quitting cigarettes you will begin feeling unwell.
It is quite possible failures in the immune system, it is easy to catch a cold or catch a viral infection can develop oral thrush or sores in the oral cavity.



Changes in the human body, quit Smoking



If you decided to quit Smoking or to drink alcohol, we must remember that the advantages to your health from this much more than the minuses during this process, such as the above side effects. After a while you will feel much better. A month later the mucous membranes of the respiratory system, stomach and intestines will be cleansed of nicotine, and gradually upgraded, the volume of the lungs increases, disappears cough, improves the elasticity of blood vessels, will start the upgrade process, blood cells and calf.
In addition, you will improve the skin condition and complexion, very slowly recover the liver cells, the cough becomes less and less.


By the sixth month, normalized by the processes of sleep and digestion, weight comes back to normal. By the eighth month, this effect disappears Smoking as hoarseness of voice caused by Smoking, teeth whiten. Smoking is not desirable, but sometimes you need to just hold a cigarette in his hand – it must be fought! After a year of quitting cigarettes you will significantly reduce the risk of stroke, heart attacks, cancer and various complications during pregnancy and complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

To quit Smoking is much harder than starting. But the benefits to your health from this is colossal. So go ahead and believe in your abilities!
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