You will need
- - lime;
- - scraper or coarse cloth;
- - the pruner;
- - rotted manure;
- - rake;
- - a shovel.
Lilac doesn't require serious effort for planting. This shrub is suitable neutral soil. If in your area acidic soil, then it should process the dolomite flour or hydrated lime. It is advisable to choose for planting lilac smooth a Sunny place, then the Bush will bloom more abundantly. This plant is frost resistant, so it is not necessary to hide for the winter. Absolutely contraindicated for growing lilac damp and swampy soil.
Caring for lilacs is in the handling of the soil and removal of weeds. Every autumn, you should make digging the soil to a depth of 10-15 centimeters (around the root collar of not more than 7 centimeters). Be careful, try not to damage roots, as they are located almost on the surface of the earth. Leave dug the ground for the winter, not even. Spring upatissa loosen the soil with a rake, it contributes to the development of lilac and preserve moisture. Don't forget to remove weeds.
In may and early June should be watered abundantly, the lilac Bush, as it begins to bloom, requiring large quantities of water (do not pour). Since mid-July, the glaze have to completely stop in order not to provoke the appearance of the kidneys. To make fertilizer is best in the autumn, this will fit perfectly rotten horse or cow dung.
Early spring or late fall, you should clear the trunks of lilac with a scraper or coarse cloth from lichens, dead bark and moss (it is desirable to perform these manipulations in wet weather). After a thorough cleansing to whitewash the trunks of the shrub with a solution of lime. Very often in the winter time mice cause serious damage to the root chakam lilac. So you need to stand on the snow near the trunk of the plant, so you are harming the mice access.
Pruning lilacs is to remove the faded inflorescences, shoots trimming the fat and also prevent the development of shoots around the trunk. If the Bush is too degenerated and lost its former form, you need to get done before the buds swell to cut old and long branches, and branches, directed inside the crown. To thin out the crown with the shears in dense areas and give it the desired shape.