You will need
- needle need;
- - screwdriver.
If the needle is broken or bent, then it is necessary to carefully remove. To do this, disconnect the power supply (for machines with electric drive). With the help of flywheel caution output needle bar to its highest position.
Screwdriver loosen the needle clamp screw and remove needle. Pay attention to which way was sent to the flat side on the bulb of the needle – flatted. In different models of cars, the needle can stand flatted myself or to the side of the sleeve machine. In case of breakage of the needle check to see if there are any broken needle tip in the tissue or in the Shuttle device. After removing the needle, do not rush to throw it away, look at the number stamped on the bulb.
Purchase in the clothing store a few extra needles of the same number. Note that the same number of needles may vary in length. So if this setting is too short or Vice versa the longer the needle, the sewing machine can be "capricious" and begin to make the gaps in the line. In addition, the needle must be sharp, smooth and well polished. Remember that notch on the needle can cause frequent breaks in the thread or deformation of the tissue.
New needle insert the needle bar into the socket up to the stop. Keep the flat side of the needle (flatted) facing in the same direction as the old needles. Tighten the needle clamp screw.
Fill in the car thread and on the test piece of the material check the quality of stitching. Carefully make a few turns without ball bearing, make sure that the new needle does not cling (hits) for the Shuttle cap. Connect the drive and do a test stitch.
When purchasing, pay attention to the needle number. For delicate fabrics (silk, chiffon), use needle No. 70. For thicker fabrics (cotton, staple) suitable needle No. 80. When sewing thick, dense fabrics (broadcloth, denim, corduroy) to select the needle with the thicker No. 90-100.
When working with knits put in the machine with special double needle.
Advice 2: How to replace a needle in the machine
Incorrectly installed the needle in the sewing machine can result in faulty move cars, skip stitches, break thread and needle would just break. To avoid this, follow some simple rules when changing the needle.
In stores of goods for needlework and Handicrafts are sold standard needles for household sewing machines which are suitable for any model. However, when the needle follow the type of fabric you plan to work. From the tissue depends on the thickness you need needle and method of sharpening.
There are different models of sewing machines, and method of installation of the needle can vary depending on the make and model of the car. When replacing needle (good, bent or broken) pay attention to which way turned flat side on the top of the needle (flatted). In some models the needle is inserted flat side facing away from you, the other flat side should look to the left (for example, "Podolsk"). Thread the needle is always inserted from the opposite side – where the long groove of the needle. That is, if the flat side is directed away from you, insert the thread, if she looks to the left, insert the thread from right to left.
Suspension strut support bearing install the needle to its highest position.
Unscrew or loosen the screw holding the needle in the machine device. Gently pull the needle or its broken part.
Insert the new needle all the way up, following the direction of the flat side of the needle. If you have no instructions and you didn't notice which side stood the previous needle, look at the last thread guide. On the same side, where it is located, should be a long groove of the needle, and, accordingly, the flatted needs to look in the opposite direction.
Tighten the screw until it stops.
Change the needle as needed. Do not use thin needles (No. 80-90) with thick tissues and Vice versa (needle No. 100 is not suitable for delicate fabrics). Use different needles for different fabrics – for knit, denim, silk needle will vary. Do not use dull or bent needle.
Advice 3: How to insert the needle into sewing machine
The ability to fill a sewing machine, it is extremely important for a novice seamstress. Improperly inserted needle can cause a lot of trouble. In the best case, the machine just stops working. But the needle can pop out and cause injury. Therefore, before you sew, be trained to insert the needle.
You will need
- - sewing machine;
- - needle;
- - a small ("clock") screwdriver.
Most sewing machines sold with a needle already inserted. But the needles — the subject is not universal, they come in different thicknesses. For each tissue it is necessary to choose. So try to learn to insert the needle at once. Use a small screwdriver to remove the screw and gently remove the needle, trying not to flip. View and remember how she was standing. Typically, the needle position is indicated in the instructions. Read it and save it. Please note what needle is in your machine. They can be cut or round cones. Further buy such needles.
Considering the needle, you will see that on the one hand she has a long groove. This will be your benchmark, because the position of the groove should always be the same. There are cars where this groove should be located directly in front of the seamstress. As a rule, they provide only a zigzag line. Ordinary household machines groove faces to the right. If a needle with cut bulb, the slice is different machines, or in the direction of the seamstresses, either from the sleeves.
Before changing a broken needle, or replace it with thinner or thicker, disconnect the electrical machine from the network. Put the needle bar to its highest position. This is done by using the flywheel. Remove the screw of the needle holder. Remove the old needle and put it in a box or stick in a pincushion. A broken needle read the numbers before throwing it out.
Pick up the needle the desired appearance and the desired thickness. Hold it with the grooves in the desired direction. Insert the needle into the hole until it stops. Tighten the screw so that the needle is not hanging out and not pop out. Pass thread. Before you sew the parts, try to flash the unnecessary scraps of the same fabric. If the machine for some reason does not sew, pick up a needle of a different thickness.
Some old machines the needle clamp screw, Unscrew it without a screwdriver, it is necessary to turn over the convex portion.
Buy several needles of each size. In addition, now you can select in stores needles for almost every fabric. For example, the knitwear better stitching needle with rounded end or double, and silk — sharp and thin.