You will need
- - several varieties of cherries and cherry;
- - pots;
- scissors for trimming branches;
- garden putty;
- shelter from rodents;
- - manure, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers.
For successful cross-pollination and subsequent fruit set in the garden are planted 2 – 3 varieties of cherry or cherry, and flowering periods which coincide with the flowering cherries.
The area should be protected from the North wind. It is advisable to put the cherry on the gentle southern and southwestern slopes. You can place trees on the South side of the building on a small hill (but not on a hill). Hill can create, raising the soil level by half a meter.
For planting cherries are not suitable, heavy clay and peaty soils and deep sand. The land must be fertile, light, medium loam or sandy loam rich in moisture (but not standing water) and air. In this case, when a sufficient amount of precipitation cherries can not watering. However, in extremely dry periods, the cherries need to "drink" two times to berry and two times after that.
Young trees grow very fast, and every year should be shortened progresiva crown. Pruning is carried out only in early spring before the buds swell. When the sanitary removal of broken, dry and diseased branches is necessary to clean and treat outdoor putty slices. Also extremely spring spend feeding trees fresh manure and nitrogen or phosphorus fertilizers. In addition, in spring and autumn the trunks of cherries it is necessary to bleach at the base, and in the winter the bottom of the trees is to hide from rodents.
Cherry is one of the most productive of garden trees. In favorable years the best varieties cherries give 12 - 15 kg of fruit from the tree, while cherry – 25 – 35 kg. besides, cherry is susceptible to some diseases of cherries. She, unlike Apple, does not happen frequency of harvest: berries ripen every year.
If the seedlings of sweet cherry during delivery a bit dry, it is necessary to cut them from the roots immersed in water for 6 - 10 hours.
Advice 2: How to transplant cherry
Cherries are quite thermophilic and demanding of the place of origin, its cultivation can sometimes be difficult. Requires special attention to a transplant, since in this case the plant is under stress and may die.
You will need
- - shovel;
- - humus;
- - peat.
Cherries – traditionally southern culture, she is a relative of cherries. It has a tall straight trunks, the arrangement of branches on the trunk. Wild cherry has lighter bark color, a different shape and color of leaves, and different taste and chemical composition of berries.
Cherry is very demanding on the composition of the soil, it also prefers well-lit, elevated areas protected from cold winds. Sweet cherry trees grow quite high, so you need to put them on the scheme 7x5 m, avoiding thickening. Often gardeners do not consider this fact and planted cherries more often than recommended in the manuals. In such cases, there is a question about transplanting Mature trees.
It almost always ends in failure. The reason is that the adult does not like cherries damaging the roots and branches, hard to transplant and grows with difficulty. Transplant only young trees, not older than 2-3 years. In this case, a transplant is produced in early spring before the SAP flow.
For this, the seedling is prepared in the fall: dig it from the garden, where he grew up, together with a clod of earth, taking care not to damage the root system, and added dropwise into the ground horizontally. This needs to be done to ensure that temperature changes in winter are not damaged bark. You need to choose a smooth area without stagnant water in winter is quite a lot of snow.
The planting hole will also need to prepare in the fall, fill it with compost and peat 1:1, add 100 g of complete fertilizer. When planting you need to remove the bad roots of the black cherry; the damaged area clean with a sharp knife and sprinkle with wood ashes.
The roots should be placed in the planting hole carefully, trying to prevent them from damage and kinking. The void to fill the earth in half with a nutrient mixture (peat and compost 1:1), it is important not to bury the root neck. It is desirable that it acted on the soil at 6-8 cm, and then seal the soil the tree will settle, and if the neck will be buried, the cherry tree will stop growing and may die.
After the transplant, you need a good tramp down the soil, watering the tree of water (4-5 buckets of water) with the addition of 10 ml of IAA, and the surface of the landing pit zamulchirovat layer of peat or humus.
After transplantation need to be shortened branch for 1/5 of their length, to improve survival roots. Then it is necessary to strengthen the tree, tying it to pegs, to a way to protect it from wind gusts.
In the case where it is necessary to transplant Mature tree of cherries, we must act similarly, but one should not forget that the planting hole needs to be at least 70x70 cm below the ground ball fit in it completely. It is quite a high risk of unsuccessful transplantation. To avoid this, you need to carefully approach the preparation of the soil and water the tree at least 1 every 3 days, 3-4 buckets, until it will not grow back.
Cherry prefers sandy soil, tolerates drought but not frost, so is grown only in the southern regions of Russia.