Advice 1: How to grow cotton

The Chinese are already in the 8th century grew cotton as an ornamental plant, admiring his buds in the flowering process changing the color from white and yellow to pink and purple, and appear after them fluffy "caps". Not the fact that you'll be able to grow the cotton to produce fabric, but is an amazing plant sure to brighten up your apartment or garden plot.
How to grow cotton
You will need
  • - deep drawer,
  • - polyethylene film,
  • - fertilizers,
  • - liquid mixture from pests.
Cotton seed is pretty hard to find in flower shops. However, if you find yourself in Central Asia (or living there with your family and friends), get seeds – no problem. They should be a few days to keep it in a wet cloth, and then put into a large container – preferably in a deep drawer, since the cotton roots go into the ground to a depth of at least 30 cm depending on the species, the shrub cotton grows to 0.5 – 3 meters and forms numerous side branches.
Cotton should be put on the window sill, as this plant needs a lot of light. It is best to plant cotton in the spring. Flowers, similar to mallow will grow rapidly and by the autumn bloom. In the second year cotton will bloom in the spring. A few weeks after flowering on tough, woody stems will appear bolls, "decorated with" silky wool. Depending on the variety and conditions of cultivation of the cotton can be short and long hairs, or only long.
On the plantations the cotton grows in hot and dry climate and requires a lot of water. At home it should be watered as soon as it begins to dry out the soil, especially abundant during flowering). Fertilizers can be used are the same as for most houseplants. In General, cotton is easily adaptable to soil conditions.
Diseases of cotton often appear in the summer. To combat fungi and pests (spider mites, green leprecon, cotton aphids, and others) you can use a mixture of garlic, pepper and soap. Cotton quiet winters on the window.
Worth a try to plant cotton on the land. It is recommended to place it in a sheltered place in well-loosened ground "in" ground-nuts and similar cultures, that allows to saturate the soil with nitrogen and other nutrients. You need time to remove the weeds periodically and cover the cotton with plastic wrap.

Advice 2: How to grow mallow

These tall plants with large flowers luxury can often be seen in suburban areas. Mallow was known in Ancient Egypt — and not only as decorative but also as a medicinal plant. Since ancient times, mallow grow in Russia, and she has a popular name mallow. Large flowers come in a variety of shades, from white to almost black.
The large flowers of the mallow - decoration of front garden
In the middle zone of Russia mallow is most often grown as a biennial plant. If mallow is growing on a suitable site, before you perish in the autumn of the second year of life, she liberally scatters seeds. So first of all you need to care about the conditions. Select to mallow Sunny plot. The soil should be fertile and friable. This plant does not tolerate waterlogging, so good drainage is essential you Also need to protect the area from strong winds. A lone heavy stem with leaves and flowers just will not stand the Gale. Therefore, it is best to plant hollyhocks near a building or fence.
Seedlings of mallow plant is not necessary. On the contrary, the plant must immediately be planted in a permanent place. Mal very badly to transplanting, so it is very easy to damage a long root. Make drainage from the gravel or broken bricks. Prepare the soil with equal parts peat and leaf earth, humus, peat and sand. Loosen and moisten the soil. Make small holes at a distance of 50 cm from each other. The depth of the pits shall not exceed 5 cm Plant seeds and cover them with earth.
Seedlings appear in two weeks. They must be regularly weeded. In the first stage mallow grows and develops slowly, and there is a great risk that the weeds will not allow her to grow normally. In the first year of mallow usually do not bloom. They form a rosette of scalloped leaves are beautiful, and so are to fall. They need to be regularly and well-watered. However, water stagnation in the soil mallow does not like.
Autumn feed the flowers with humus. 1 square meter take 4 kg of fertilizer. This can be done in early spring. Flower in winter is better to conceal the mixture of fallen leaves, hay and twigs. Short autumn and spring frosts, this plant is not afraid, but in the winter it is better to be warm, especially if winters in your region with little snow.
Spring tie up plants to stakes. It just seems that the stem of the mallow is very strong. When it appears heavy, the leaves and flowers, it can not survive. In the warm summer mallow bloom abundantly until autumn. Cut flowers look great in a vase with water, besides the buds in water always revealed.
Mallow is not very susceptible to disease, but often suffer from rust. Affected leaves should tear up and burn. If sick leaves are many, on this place in the coming years mallow plant should not be. Sometimes mallow sick and powdery mildew.

Advice 3: How to grow garlic at home

Garlic is a vegetable crop that has many beneficial properties: it is widely used in cooking, folk medicine and even cosmetology. But to get at home a rich harvest garlic, you need to know how to care for this garden culture.
How to grow garlic at home
At home grown 2 types of garlic: winter and spring. Winter garlic planted in the fall (September or October), he is actively growing in spring and summer harvested his crop. This is usually stored garlic until February. Spring garlic planting in spring and harvest it harvested in the fall.

Planting garlic

Seed is recommended to hold for 2-3 weeks in the refrigerator. Before planting garlic dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter of water) or salt solution (7-8 liters of water will need 3 tablespoons of salt). And for 8-10 hours before planting, the bulbs of the garlic is heated in a well-ventilated area at a temperature of 40 - 41os.
The garlic cannot be planted on low-lying soils where spring can accumulate melt-water, and at higher elevations, where in winter a strong wind blows the snow, causing the probability of freezing garlic.

For the selected for planting garlic a plot of ground digging at the level of bayonet spade, after which the soil is spread. The station limit boards: so necessary for the growth of garlic moisture is better preserved. Then fumigating the soil: cultivate the land brine (on 9-10 l of water take 3 tbsp. of salt).

Heads garlic, separated into cloves, then each clove is inserted into the ground at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other. Cover the patch with sand or sawdust. Pour the garlic and sprinkle the ground (if the garlic is planted in the spring, it is not necessary to do so). The depth of planting of spring garlic 4-6 cm, winter – 8-9 cm

Particularly care for garlic

Garlic is recommended to use mineral and organic fertilizers. The land on which the garlic was planted in the fall, fertilize with compost or humus (flow rate: 6-7 kg per 1 sq. m). But don't fertilize the plant with fresh manure, because this food will lead to strong growth, vegetative parts and yield decrease. In addition, garlic is responsive to potash and phosphate fertilizers: these items increase the hardiness of the plant. In the spring, after the emergence of the first seedling with soil fed mineral fertilizer: for the treatment plots of 10 sq m, you will need 90-100 g superphosphate, 60 g of ammonium nitrate and 55-60 grams of potassium sulphate. The second spring feeding performed 30 days after the first (the dosage is the same).
Signs of maturity of the garlic formed a dense shell around the head, yellow leaves.

Although garlic does not tolerate waterlogged, during the growing season it must be constantly watered. The plant is watered once a week with the impregnation of the soil to a depth of 30 cm For 27 to 30 days before harvest stop watering.
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