In fact, nothing complicated in this case. Nipping referred to as mechanical removal of the upper part of the shoot with the aim to awaken dormant buds and increase bushiness or to encourage more growth of side shoots. Pinch back the plant with your fingers (nails), with the help of manicure scissors or a small sharp knife.
The nipping is carried out either in the spring, during the most active growth of plants, or in early August to improve the quality of the flowers. You need to keep in mind that pinching delays the beginning of flowering, so it should not be abused, and once the plant gets the desired form, to stop his pinch.
To properly conduct the nipping of the flower, you need to carefully inspect it top shoots and to find the growth point. Growth point called the upper, large kidney on the escape, which is due to its active growth. If left unchanged, the escape will rapidly be extended in height, giving side branches, and relaxing yourself, so it pinch.
Finding the top active kidney, with your fingers gently remove the captured part of the escape and nail pinch off a selection. For dense, stiff shafts, you can use nail scissors, secateur or knife. When pinched you need to follow to avoid wrinkling the adjacent young leaves not sheared the barrel escape.
Nipping doesn't stop completely shoot growth in height, after a while it will resume, but until then, the lateral buds will also have the opportunity to open up and go into growth. We must note that removal of the upper part of the shoot stimulates the awakening of dormant buds near the site of the pinching. Therefore, if the secondary shoots in this location is undesirable, after the first germs of the awakened kidneys will need to also carefully removed.
Advice 2 : When you need to pinch back shoots of garden trees
Nipping, or pinciroli can significantly reduce the amount of winter pruning, to reduce the loss of plastic items to significantly speed up the formation of the crown in the future to obtain a bountiful harvest.
Remove the fruit tree the top part of the shoot two weeks before the end of the growth, until he managed to travelnet. Pinch only those branches that are unwanted.
From the main shoot length from 15 to 25 centimeters presidnete herbaceous terminal shoots, where there are several underdeveloped leaves. This will help to stop the progressive growth in two weeks. As soon as the shoot growth will resume, re-work on pinciroli. Pinch growing shoots above the second or third leaf.
Pinching shoots on fruit trees will not only help to regulate growth, but also will accelerate the lignification. In addition, this method allows the development of lateral, or axillary buds, has a significant impact on the quantity and quality of the crop.
Formed the branches will be small, but with generous fruit formations. Don't forget that early pinching promotes rapid recovery of the kidneys. Due to this, the shoots begin to grow hard. If work on pinterova to spend later, the expected effect will be. So for Apple and pear the optimal timing of removal of the shoots – the second decade of July.
To carry out work using secateurs or scissors. If escaping the growth of the seedlings completely stopped, you don't have to re-penseroso. If shoots continue to grow, we will need to re pinching.
Please note that nipping does not always produce positive results. The most efficient way to do the trial version and observe the results. If lignification has not accelerated, lateral and axillary buds has not increased, the result of pinched remained zero. Therefore, to carry out work again irrational, as it would be a waste of time with the same results.