Advice 1: How to beat braid

Kosa is working properly when cutting grass, but only as long as it is not dull. Blunt braid needs to be put in order – to beat. Weaning a braid is a complex activity that requires patience. This procedure makes the cutting part of the blade thin along the entire length of the fabric, it increases the strength and hardness of the metal.
How to beat braid
You will need
  • - a file with a small notch or bench grinder;
  • - anvil (grandmother);
  • abrasive block;
  • - a hammer.
Instruction
1
New scythe's blade before weaning sharpen from the underside. For this, use a file with a small notch or bench grinder with low speed, so as not to burn through the metal. Sharpening of the blade is the width to 20 mm. Sharpen the blade to the appearance of a thin Burr on the blade, which then remove using abrasive stone. You can sharpen the blade to half thickness, and then to recapture.
2
Prepare the tool for pressing the plaits: the anvil (the grandmother) and the hammer with the narrow head. Countertops grandmother and hammer should be smooth, otherwise they must be sanded.
3
Grandmother type in a block of hard wood. Press the sheet of the spit to the working surface of the headstock. You may need a special stand that allows you to move the upper end of cocovia up or down. Stand not needed, unless you first remove the knife from cocovia.
4
Hit the braid on the front (upper) side of leaf width to 2.5 mm. Padding, start from the heel and keep a water-dampened sock jackhammer. With the padding impact site cleared, and the blade appears bright bar that indicates the progress of weaning braids.
5
Strike parallel to the blade leaf by 1 mm on each shot. Do not try to strike, hammer, lift a few inches. It is unacceptable to strike obliquely, or across several consecutive times at the same place of the leaf – blade at the same time can stretch and warp, which will make the scythe unfit for work.
6
For a more thorough pulling blade repel the scythe twice. The cutting edge of the spit after the correct interval will have a barely visible groove and to resist the pressure of the nail, slightly curving and then returning to his place. In this case, braid batted well and can be used in the work.

Advice 2 : How to mow the grass

To the garden plot had an attractive well-groomed appearance, you should regularly mow lawns, to mow the weeds on the roadsides. To make it easy, if you buy a special tool - trimmer.
How to mow the grass

The lawn in the garden



Culture use and garden plots are currently very different from what it was 10-15 years ago. With the abundance of products that appears in our shops and supermarkets, there is no need to work throughout the summer in the beds, to ensure maximum supply of food for the winter. Now most gardeners use garden plots as places to stay, with planting of vegetables and potatoes play only a small part, and the remaining area is occupied, as a rule, fruit trees, bushes, planting flowers, and grass and lawn. In the Russian conditions to grow a full "English" lawn do not allow the climatic conditions, however, care for the grass just need to garden area was well maintained attractive appearance.
When buying a trimmer is guided by its characteristics – capacity, size of blades, assess their financial capabilities and choose a happy medium between price and quality.


Than you can mow the grass?



More recently, for mowing grass used hand scythes, which is a metal blade, fixed on wooden handles. The mowing process was quite time-consuming, require some skill and skills. For example, the best time for mowing was early morning when the grass is wet with dew, and in dry weather accurately mow a meadow was quite problematic. Great difficulty was sharpening KOs, it also required special skills.

Fortunately, to help farmers and gardeners came progress in sale of a large variety of garden machinery, including lawn mowers and trimmers. Each varieties of these tools have their pros and cons – for example, the lawn mower is useful for a large area and smooth surface of the lawn. It is designed for special mixtures of grasses and their seeding professional, but it will not turn out to mow the overgrown grass on the mowing.
Use of the trimmer provides for strict compliance with safety regulations. Before using the tool read the instructions carefully and strictly observe the precautions.


Ideal trimmer



Much more affordable and easy to use special trimmer for cutting the grass – there are petrol and electric options in different price categories . This option is ideal for small, not too smooth plots for the mowing of the grass between bushes and trees. With it you can easily mow the grass for Pets.

Cutting blade in the trimmer is replaced by a stern line, which at high speed rotation mows and crushes the grass. In more powerful models in addition to the line provided for cutting the metal disc, it can be used to mow and small shoots, which is formed around the stone fruit trees – plums and cherries. Despite purchase costs of equipment, gasoline and electricity, the use of the trimmer is very profitable and convenient, can cope with the task without much time and labor costs. To date, this is the best option for mowing grass.

Advice 3 : How to sharpen a scythe

Braid and now has lost its purpose. Especially true its application in gardens and garden plots for harvesting plant food for Pets. She should be well prepared for mowing grass.
How to sharpen a scythe
Preparation of a braid consists of two operations of pressing and turning.

To sharpen a scythe, you need:
- negativo "grandma" (the anvil);
- hammer of high quality steel, subjected to tempering process;
- a whetstone (made of a fine-grained emery).

Weaning braids



Before you start weaning, it is necessary to find a suitable log or stump (with a length of 25-30 cm, 40-50 cm) to score in his butt bounce "grandmother" (it is necessary to have the farm). It is a metal (small anvil, one end of which is made in the form of a "head" with the platform, and the other cone is pointed. At a distance of about 1 m from the log you must create a support for cocovia, which you need to stick in the ground the stick in a slingshot (or connected between the cross sticks).

Padding must be performed sitting on a small (low) chair or stool. Braid should be put so that its blade lay on the bottom side of the "grandmother", the shaft must lean on the cross sticks. Padding is necessary to begin from the "heel" of the tool which the blows of the hammer must produce a thinning of the blade edge (width of about 2.5-3 mm).

PEEN hammer, you should try to position at a slight angle to the blade. Contact with the scythe should only part of the striker. While attacking you need to move the blade on the anvil. The refinement should be brought to a high degree, but not to prevent cracking and bending of the spit.

Thus, all the blade will become thinner, with the exception of its tip (about 1 cm). During weaning, the braids should be very careful, it is necessary to constantly monitor the adherence of the blade to "grandmother". The hammer blows should be applied evenly. Work can be done in a home workshop.

Turning the spit



To sharpen a scythe, you need to stick the end of the pole into the ground or into something to Balk, skip the upper part of cocovia under the left arm (in the shoulder), press it to the torso. The end of the scythe blades need to point it toward the ground. The fingers of his left hand to put on the back side of the blade, closer to its end, and they need a shoulder to securely lock the tool.

Right hand to take the touchstone (for the third part of its length) repeatedly to move from "heel" to the end (running alternately that with one, on the other side of the blade), to sharpen a scythe. This will require at least 15-20 of these movements. The tool is well polished and on a regular sanding disc, but the best result of the refinement of her blade is achieved in the case described above.

Advice 4 : How to learn to mow with a scythe

In the old days, the peasants began to learn to mow even from an early age, adopting skills from experienced Kostsov. Now scythe are less and less, replacing it with the trimmers, but if you need to mow in tight places, around the shrubs, the best tool is not found.
How to learn to mow with a scythe
You will need
  • - KOs;
  • - brusok;
  • - fine-grained grinding wheel (sharpening stone).
Instruction
1
Prepare the braid to work. Perhaps no one of agricultural implements does not require such a thorough preparation. The scythe must be sharp and also a long time to grow blunt. If the tool is new, the blade should be sharpened on fine-grained abrasive wheel width 1.5-2 cm First this must be done from the bottom side along the entire length of the canvas. The blade itself should be moist (it should be wet during the sharpening process).
2
Then braid need to beat on the anvil with a special hammer. The tool prepared in this way, long blunts and cuts the grass without the mower with little effort.
3
Immediately before mowing sharpen the scythe with a special bar. Take her right hand behind the heel, and the left over the snath. The sharp end of the blade insert behind sloping the soil at a depth of about five centimeters.
4
Wipe the cloth beam braid freshly cut grass. Do this carefully, trying not to get hurt. Then the right hand pull bar and slide it across the blade (from the heel to the middle) one and the other hand holding the scythe with his left hand at the middle of the back of the blade. Bar hold hollow against the blade of a knife. Grind the top half of the blade, skip to the bottom.
5
Take a braid in hand. Slightly tilt the torso forward. Put your right foot in front and left — rear, so that the body was rotated to the left. This situation facilitates the process of mowing.
6
The movement of the arms when the mowing should be a circular right to left. Swing braids should not be wide (usually it is determined by the rotation of the torso). First wave from left to right. Put the braid slowly and smoothly. The second — from right to left when cutting the grass quick and jerky.
7
At the time of mowing the heel of the spit has to go almost on the surface of the mowed area, and her nose to be slightly raised. The provision is necessary to maintain throughout the work, otherwise the braid will cut into the ground.
8
Each stroke should be smooth. Try not to strain your hands, as this will cause unnecessary fatigue. After each stroke of the right leg move one step forward, before the next left proceed to the right.
9
When mowing the heel of braids with snath raking grass clippings and puts it aside at the beginning of the previously traveled swath, forming a so-called swath. Note that it should not be the uncut grass. The swath should be straight and of approximately the same width.

Advice 5 : Hand scythe for grass-types and application technology

Despite the abundance of lawn mower, hand scythes, remain relevant tool. Only you can use them to remove grass in areas with difficult terrain, around trees and shrubs.
Hand scythe - a handy tool for mowing grass

Manual KOs




Manual KOs there are only three varieties: Lithuanian, crust and serpan. Each of them has the tools with a cloth of different sizes.
The most convenient consider a braid-Lithuanian, as due to the longer handle than other types of this tool, mowing becomes less time consuming. In accordance with the room size steel blade (knife) mowers call Lithuanian "Pyaterochka", "shesterok" and so on. there are five rooms of this tool: №№ 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. The length of the canvases, respectively, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 cm and 1 m.


Spit-crust reminiscent of a long sloping hammer and equipped with a curved handle. This tool is used in cases when you need to mow the grass on the ground with lots of bumps and bushes. Here the crust is very effective, but it has one drawback: we have to work a half-bent position.


Spit-serpan as well consists of a steel blade and the handle. Her knife with a short: its length of 35 cm it looks like a sickle. This tool is convenient for mowing overgrown grass with large stem.


The technology of using hand scythes




The technique of mowing grass for any kinds of braids is one and the same: the left hand hold the snath, and the right is strengthened in its upper part the handle. Getting started the left leg put forward, and then perform in front of a narrow swing of the scythe's blade. During mowing the grass "heel" of the braid should be held almost level with the ground, stepping back from her only 1-2 see "the Nose", that is, the narrow pointed part of the blade, you need to keep raising it slightly.


When the stroke is completed, the right foot moving to the level of the left that before the next stroke again put forward. The hand movements should be smooth, with the same effort, without jerks. You should try to mow so that the "heel" of the snath raked up cut grass and cast it aside, forming a low cushion. So gradually moving in the right direction. In order to make the job less time consuming, every 15-20 minutes stop and namachivajut the edge of the blade.


It is extremely important to choose the right number of braids. If you want to remove the grass on the level ground, fit a No. 9 or No. 10. In the area where a lot of shrubs or tussocks, it is better to use No. 5 or No. 6. If the topography of the site is not full of irregularities, but they are still present, you need to take the scythe No. 7 or No. 8. These recommendations apply to the spit of the "Lithuanian".
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