If you want to put on your site, any kind of beans, choose for her a suitable place. This plant likes a light and warm sandy loam, loam, alluvial and black soil, well drained with a lot of humic compounds. Beans can be planted as a separate patch and a potato field: in this case, you do not need to put for her support, and the potatoes will not suffer from the invasion of the Colorado potato beetle.
A place for planting beans prepare in the fall. Dig the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm and make a phosphorus fertilizer. 1 sq. m. need 30-40 Gy. Again in the spring to fertilize the ground, this time the potassium fertilizers at the rate of 20-30 g per 1 sq. m.
The seeds of the bean plant when the ground warms up well. It usually happens in late may. If you would like to get regular harvests of beans, you can sow it in 3 stages: first batch in may, the second in early June, the third – at the end of June. The distance between the beans at planting should be 10 cm between rows – 30 cm If you plant beans next to potatoes, you can plant a single tuber 2-3 Bob.
Between the rows of beans are good to sow radish: in this case he turns out very tasty and large.
Advice 2 : How to grow beans
Hygrophilous and cold-resistant, delicious and nutritious... it's All about the beans. They have a lot of protein, and the protein composition close to the squirrel meat. Moreover, the protein in beans twice! And the value of beans - in high content of vitamins, important amino acids and mineral salts. Should plant is undemanding and useful plant in my garden!
You will need
- the seeds of beans;
- - humus or compost;
- - growth stimulator;
- nitrogen fertilizer;
- emulsion of green soap.
In may, when the ground is still wet, you can dry sow bean seeds directly into the garden bed. Beans grow well on any soil except sandy, boggy and acidic. Before sowing the bean bed should be dug to a depth of a shovel and make 2-3 kg of humus or compost. After the soil should be leveled and watered with a solution of a growth stimulant.
The beans should be at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. Seeds should be buried to a depth of 6-8 cm is Often sown with beans, potatoes or cucumbers – such a neighborhood increases the yield of all these plants. To prevent the emergence of weeds and soil crust formation before germination the soil must be loosened with a rake.
Beans germinate in 5-6 days after planting the seed. In the event of a cold snap they can easily withstand temperatures up to -4 degrees.
From the start to the end of the flowering beans especially demanding to moisture. Sprouts appear within 10-14 days after sowing. While the beans are growing, the soil between the rows is recommended to handle hoes, but should be discontinued when the plants reached a height of 50-60 cm). Beans is fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers. When the pods are formed, the tops of the stems will need to pinch back. This will increase the flow of nutrients in the fruit and protect plants from black aphids. In addition, against aphids the plants are regularly treated with a two - or four percent emulsion of green soap.
Beans will protect the entire garden from the invasion of moles, so you should sow them on the boundaries of the site. In addition, the beans gather nitrogen, and therefore in the beds they can be valuable precursors for vegetable crops and potatoes.
Most suitable for growing varieties of beans – "black Russian", "Belarusian", "white Windsor", "Windsor green" and "Lankaran-large", "Svaneti" and "Altai".
Advice 3 : How to grow beans
Legumes contain large amounts of protein, protein. They contain the necessary vitamins for the human body. To legume crops include peas, beans, beans, soybeans and peanuts. All of these plants are undemanding in cultivation.
Bean plants grown from seed. It should be noted that seeds of some crops should be planted in open ground. Culture does not tolerate excessive humidity, so the landing is better to choose light and lofty place.
The processing of soil is best to start in the fall. To do this, dig up the soil to a depth of 15 cm in Spring dig it up again and loosen. Fill in the soil nitrogen fertilizer (ammonium sulfate). If the soil is acidic, i.e. has a high PH level, add 3 kg of lime per 10 sq. m. Sow the seeds on a flat and slightly elevated plot having a width of about 100 cm.
If we talk about watering and care, then there should be repelled from you and grown culture. For example, beans is very heat-loving plant. To plant it in a distance of 20 cm from the previous row and to a depth of 5 cm before flowering abundantly watered it, as this will delay the time of fruiting. Before the flowers water the beans once a week (about 6 l per 1 sq. m.), then increase watering to two times.
To plant peas, make furrows at a distance of 25 cm from each other. Wisata seeds so that between them was a gap equal to 8 cm planting Depth should be equal to 2.5 cm one week after germination loosen the ground to a depth of 2 cm Water your peas every week (at the rate of 8 liters per 1 sq. m.).
Vegetable seeds beans buried in the ground much deeper – to a depth of bayonet spade. This culture likes fertile soil, so before planting in the ground is necessary to fertilize (e.g. nitrophoska). Before the flowers of the beans should be watered very seldom, and when fruit formation is quite moderate. In the flowering process the plants need to fertilize mullein with urea (approximately 500 ml per plant).