The infection is a sexually transmitted pamparomas has a long latent period of development. An infected person does not know about the disease, but dangerous to others, especially sexual partners. The carrier of the virus infected cells are concentrated not only on the skin surface, but also in saliva, urine, semen, mucous membranes of the female genital organs. By close contact, HPV enters the body of a healthy person through mucous membranes or microscopic cracks in the skin. Transmission of the virus occurs in various forms of sexual intercourse and kissing.
The probability of sexual transmission of emergency high. If a constant couple one of the partners discovered papillomavirus, infection the other will occur almost certainly. Caution should be observed in the case when the papillomas are removed, because HPV may remain in the blood.
At particular risk are people who often change partners and neglecting our sex life elementary means of protection. Additional factors that contribute to infection with the virus HPV, are alcoholism, drug addiction, Smoking.
Contamination of household potamodromous to catch HPV in normal life quite a lot. Household by often infected children and adolescents, and adults with weakened immune systems. First of all, the virus is transmitted to family members of an infected person through common household items: dishes, towels, hygiene products (razor blades, toothbrushes, washcloths, etc.). The infection can wait the victim in the bathtub, in the sink or on the toilet seat.
More danger one is exposed to, visiting public places where there are favorable conditions for the spread of the virus, such as swimming pools, gyms, solariums, beauty salons, etc. to keep healthy, you need to carefully observe personal hygiene. Even with a small amount of skin damage (cracks, scratches, abrasions) visit crowded places better to postpone.
Paragenetic is called vertical transmission of HPV from mother to child during pregnancy or at the moment of birth. The infant in this case, after some time there are warts in the genital area or in the organs of the upper respiratory tract.
Women planning a pregnancy or already expecting a child should undergo a special examination in the presence of the body papillomavirus. Upon detection of the infection of the mother will prescribe treatment under the supervision of a physician. To minimize the risk of infecting the child in this case, gynecologists can advise to use in childbirth cesarean section.