You will need
- - compost or humus;
- - lime (in acidic soil);
- - Petunia seeds;
- - small pots and tapes;
- - fine-grained soil;
- - fluorescent light;
- - humus or peat;
- - mineral and organic fertilizers;
- - hoe.
First, select the most suitable place for growing petunias. These flowers prefer well-lit, Sunny places. The lack of light shoots form a large number of leaves and much elongated, the flowering thus weakened, the decorative effect is lost. If your loggia facing South – Petunia will be the best decoration.
Petunia grows well on sandy and loamy soils, but even better blooms and develops in the loose and fertile soils. It is easy to make in the soil a mixture of compost or humus (in any case not fresh manure, it contributes to the defeat of fungal diseases). If the soil at the site is acidic, make the lime of the rate of 200-300 grams per square meter.
Seedlings should be grown in advance. Visivite ampelnoe Petunia in the period from February to April, the sooner you plant the plant, the more illumination required. For planting, use a fine soil with low content of nutrients and a small magazine, so you can do without picks. When Petunia let go 3-4 strong leaf, transplant into small pots. The optimum temperature for growth is 18-20 degrees.
Light is one of the main components, use artificial lighting for 14 hours, then increase to 14-20 hours. For this you need a daylight lamp, and then sunlight for successful growth and the more the better.
Plant seedlings in open ground in the evening or in cloudy weather, pre-watering the potted plants. The distance between the seedlings petunias should be 25-30 cm. In containers, vases, balcony boxes, or the distance can be cut in half. After landing successfully, pour the soil, and the soil multiroute humus or peat. Mulching will help protect the flowers from frost and allow the ground to preserve moisture.
Further care of Petunia consists in loosening the soil, weeding and watering in dry weather. Periodically (every 10-15 days) make a lure, these factors will influence the duration of flowering. Feed pellets, scattering them around the flowers in wet weather, or mineral fertilizers, pre-dissolved in water for irrigation. Organic fertilizers give a good result (humic fertilizers or infusion of mullein).