Advice 1: How to stop fermentation

Fermentationin the broad sense of the word - redox reaction of some groups of bacteria, in which they get energy under anaerobic conditions. Most often the process of fermentation is used to produce wines and alcohol, but sometimes it is necessary to interrupt the fermentation at the time of a certain content of sugar in the wine.
How to stop fermentation
Instruction
1
It should be based on the rule that the higher the alcohol content in the wine the more sugar in it. To stop the fermentation at the right time in several ways. The most simple, economical and environmentally friendly - lowering the temperature of fermentation. The most beneficial wine "walks" at a temperature of 18-25 degrees C. Therefore, to stop the fermentation you can move the vessel with the wine in a cool room, with temperatures below 10 degrees C.
2
In the manufacture of home-made wine should also take into account the varietal characteristics of berries and fruits, suitable to produce the conditions for their maturation and processing, conditions of fermentation and storage of the finished product.
3
There is another method to stop fermentation sulfur dioxide. At the moment the necessary wine to remove sediment and add sulfuric anhydride 2,5-3,5 g per 10 liters of wine. This stops the fermentation, the wine is sweet or semi-sweet, depending on desire.
4
If we are talking about preserving the product and preventing the emergence of bacteria which can cause fermentation, then you can use the proven folk remedies, of which there are many: a jar of jam cover with gauze soaked in alcohol or vodka, compotes – parchment, a fruit store in a well-ventilated, dry room, shifting each layer of crisp uncoated paper.
5
Can be digested chemicals that have not fully oxidized or restored carbon atoms. These include amino acids, alcohols, organic acids, etc. by fermentation usually produces several products. By referring to the formed and accumulated in the process distinguish the products of alcoholic fermentation, butyric, lactic, propionic acid and others.People have learned to use the fermentation process for the preparation of foodstuffs, wine, alcohol, for better food preservation.

Advice 2: What distinguishes wine from sweet

In a huge number of types and varieties of wines very difficult to understand. The stores constantly appear new and new bottles, allured by names and forms. For example, sweet and sweet wines. I wonder what the difference is.
What distinguishes wine from sweet

What made semi-sweet and sweet wines


For the manufacture of the two varieties of wine grapes of various varieties. The main requirement of the grapes – high sugar content. Below the grapes are fully saturated with sugar, it can take a little overripe.

Sweet and semi-sweet wine somewhat similar in taste and aroma. All in Botrytis, cinerea – a special fungus that is developing in the grapes. It gives such an amazing and pleasant flavor of wine. Fungus this specially introduced into the wine, as it increases the sugar content, destroys the skins of grapes, berries removes the water, leaving it one juice, and also contributes to the absorption of the juice of fragrances skin. In addition, the fungus absorbs from the grape tannins and acids.

Unlike the sweet wines from sweet


Semi-sweet wine is very time-consuming to prepare. Their fortress is not more than 15% and the sugar content is from 3% to 11%. Upon reaching a certain amount of sugar and strongholds need to stop the fermentation. To do this, reduce the temperature of the wine mass. The finished product is pasteurized and stored in glass bottles. The shelf life of these wines is limited.

Semi-sweet, and sweet wines can be white and red. Taste semi-sweet wine is considered the most easy. That is why the variety of wines the most popular. It is neither sour nor sweet, making it perfect for almost any meal.

What is a sweet wine you know almost everything. This group of wines have the most sugar in its composition. But few know that in this group enter all the familiar Cahors, Tokai, muscats and Malaga. Dessert wines have a special quality – they improve its taste characteristics during long-term storage. These wines have the alcohol, therefore, belong to the group of fortified. Serve them for dessert, but main course better to submit a semi-sweet wine.

What should be served sweet and semi-sweet wine


Unlike the sweet wines from the sweet leaves the marks of food that is fed to it. In many ways, the choice of products should depend on the degree of sweetness of the wine. However, it may play a role in taste bouquet of wine. For example, many famous French sweet wine "Sauternes" served with toasted white bread, slices of kiwi and foie Gras.

Muscat wine goes well with tapas home cooking and the simplest food.
If you like sweet white wine – give him a fish. Sweet red wine port wine served with cheese, chocolate, sweet dessert.

Advice 3: Spaniel: types and characteristics of content

Dog breed of the Spaniel, origin it might be, gives many people joy. This fun, lively and active dog is suitable for room maintenance, and for hunting game. Initially, this breed was popular among hunters, her skills still valued in this environment. The most widely known only a few species breed Spaniel.
Spaniel: types and characteristics of content

English Cocker Spaniel


The English Cocker Spaniel originated in England and later became known around the world. Created this breed for hunting birds and small game. These dogs are agile, active, intelligent and are excellent swimmers. And this is an important quality for any hunter.

English Cocker spaniels are medium-sized build, reach the withers of 40 cm They are strong, muscular, with narrow well developed chest. Head spaniels are narrow, small. Ears are long and drooping; coat of medium length, wavy and soft.

English Cocker spaniels are typically affectionate, even-tempered and sociable. Their endless energy requires constant output, so a walk with the English Cocker Spaniel should be long and physically loaded. This breed of dog is well trained, they are patient and helpful. They feel good mood of the owner and will not climb with the games in difficult times. Though these dogs are extremely friendly to strangers, they are treated with suspicion.

For the smooth coat of the English Cocker Spaniel does not need special care. It is only necessary to periodically bathe the dog and comb it. But for the ears of the English breed of Spaniel you need to watch more carefully. Because hanging ears they frequently develop a fungus or ear infection, so clean the auricle need weekly.

Also thoroughly worth watching for the power of the English cockers. They are certainly not allergic, but very voracious. Therefore need to follow the amount of food eaten and not to spoil additives.

American Cocker Spaniel



American Cocker Spaniel differs from its English counterpart. Dogs of this type smaller in size, weighing about 10 kg and an increase of 38 see, They are medium-sized, head is round, broad muzzle. Ears American Cocker is also hanging, but shorter. In color they are black, chocolate, cream or fawn. The main feature of this species is a beautiful silky long coat. Due to the appearance of "American" most often make not for hunting, but for home, show and breeding.

American Cocker Spaniel infinitely loyal to his master, he is wonderful with children and is extremely Intrusive. This dog is affectionate, cheerful, lively. As an English breed, it requires long walks and high activity. "The Americans" cannot stand alone, and the presence of other animals will benefit him. This kind of Spaniel is also easy to train, quick to learn to fetch the remote or Slippers.

Because of the thick and beautiful coat of these dogs need special care. They need daily comb and periodically trimmed. You can not comb dirty hair, you first should wash the dog with a special shampoo. After washing you need to handle hair conditioning and blow-dry. After that, comb with a soft brush without pulling the hair. After walking, it is recommended to examine the dog for the presence of debris in the wool and remove it. From dust can be gotten rid of, sprinkle the dog with a spray bottle and scratching her.


Russian hunting Spaniel


Russian Spaniel differs from its counterparts in that it was bred in Russia, based on data from American and English cockers. The Russian breed more hardy in a Northern climate.

Russian spaniels are medium-sized, at the withers can reach 44 cm Color is black, brown or tan. Coat the short, slightly wavy. Superior quality Russian Spaniel – no stand. Because of this, they easily and quickly make their way among trees and bushes, and raising animals. These dogs are good swimmers. They can even dive to retrieve wounded game.

Russian spaniels are also suitable for city life. They are balanced, fun and playful. Spaniels overly friendly and loyal to children suffer all their antics. These dogs are athletic and require a lot of physical activity on walks. In summer you can let them play in the river or in the pond. In public places Russian Spaniel should be walked on a leash, otherwise their excessive friendliness he scares passers-by.

The great advantage of this breed is the lack of smell of wool. But this does not mean that it is not necessary to bathe and comb. Especially bathing the dogs after hunting.

You need to follow the diet Russian Spaniel. He, like other types, prone to overeating. Your dog's diet needs to match the physical loads and age.



All of these spaniels are very popular all over the world. But there are 7 subspecies, which are less known: the Clumber Spaniel, English Springer, Welsh Springer, Sussex Spaniel, field Spaniel, Irish water and swamp us. These rocks are also designed for hunting small animals and birds.
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