Advice 2: How to grow chili pepper
- - boxes;
- - soil mixture;
- - mineral fertilizers;
- - potassium permanganate.
Advice 3: Why peppers do not grow
Advice 4: Why rot pepper
Potato late blight is a plant pathogenic fungus. Usually, infection occurs when the use of infected water for irrigation. Also the infection can be transferred on shoes, or agricultural tool with soil particles from the infected areas. Spores of phytopathogenic fungus can remain viable for several years.
Late blight develops during the vegetation period. However, most often manifests itself only after flowering. Disease recognition is possible by wet rot forming on the base of the stem.
On the leaves the disease manifests itself in the form of a watery, rapidly increasing in size of damage that is becoming more brown and "corrugated" surface. With heavy infestation the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
On fruits of pepper appear bumpy brown spots surrounded by a pale green halo. With the spread of the disease, the spots enlarge and extend deep into the fruit.
The development of the pathological process contribute to high humidity, large swings in day and night temperatures, as well as too tight fit.
To prevent disease, it is recommended to follow a few rules. Plant peppers away from planting tomatoes and potatoes because these plants are very susceptible to late blight.
To ensure good drainage, it is recommended to produce planting plants on raised beds. Before sowing it is necessary to hold pepper seeds in 1% potassium permanganate solution. To soak the seeds need at least 20 minutes.
When the first night of cold weather, you should cover the plants at night film.
Regularly spray the pepper fungicides, for example, 1% Bordeaux mixture. For spraying it is recommended to apply infusion of garlic. To prepare the mixture, it is necessary to collect about 150 grams of dry garlic husk and infuse it 10 litres of water for 24-36 hours.
Advice 5: How to grow hair in a week
- - shampoo;
- vitamin supplements;
- - burdock oil;
- mustard powder or red pepper.
Advice 6: How to grow chili peppers at home
- -chilli seeds
- -pot of flowers
With good care after 2-3 months may form the first ovary (small white flowers at the ends of each escape).
Advice 7: How to grow pepper
Useful properties of allspice
Pepper has antibacterial properties, adds it to the products retains their freshness. Through pepper, the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach increases, improving digestion. This seasoning protects from constipation, colic and diarrhea, helps people deal with excess weight because it breaks down the fat cells in the body. Peppers useful for skin diseases, and is a great antioxidant. It helps in the following diseases: hoarseness, hernia, pain in the ears, whooping cough, joint pain, gangrene, asthma and many others. From ancient times, pepper is used for medicinal purposes.
The cultivation of pepper
Pepper can be easily grown at home. You just buy in a grocery store pepper in the form of polka dots, then choose the largest specimens and soak them in warm water for a day. Plant seeds in pot, preferably in early summer, a month will appear the first shoots. After the second leaf, the pepper is necessary to fertilize with a solution of poultry manure (pre-defend a couple of days, so as not to burn plants). In the winter it is recommended to keep the pots of peppers on the windowsill, in the summer in a warm Sunny spot, preferably outdoors.
Pepper is a tropical heat-loving plant that does not like cold, freezing it instantly killed (if the temperature is below ten degrees, the plant dies). Black pepper grows well in the first year of life can grow to two meters. With proper care in the second year begins to bear fruit. The plant is hygrophilous, avoid overdrying. The adult plant is grown in a mixture of four parts of heavy sod land, two parts leaf soil, one part sand and one part humus.
For the contents of the pepper, you should choose a bright location that is protected from direct sunlight. Watering plants in summer, abundant, and moderate winters, using the pooled water at room temperature. Multiplies pepper cuttings, dividing the Bush, seeds, cuttings. Time of crop flowering usually occurs in April-may.
Prefers pepper stray light, therefore perfectly suited for its cultivation window on the East or West direction. During the active growing season, keep the temperature 20-25 C, in autumn and in winter 16-18 degrees. Needs pepper in the high humidity, it is necessary to consider this factor when planting plants. For this you can place the pot with the pepper on the tray, which is filled with moist peat or expanded clay. Feed the plant from spring until autumn complex mineral fertilizers once in two weeks (better to take fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants).
Transplanted adult pepper once in two years – once a year, do it best in spring. Substrate for pepper suitable nutrients and loose. Pots better to use plastic in a clay pot is stronger than the substrate dries out. At the bottom of the pot should be good drainage. In the process of growing peppers, you may encounter difficulties. Due to lack of power and light plant is prone to exposure of stems and stretching. If tips of leaves blacken, it can be a sign of insufficient humidity of substrate and air. Yellowing of leaves is due to the waterlogged soil, lack of nutrients in the soil.
Advice 8: Why are bell peppers so called
Paprika, or sweet pepper is the fruit of an annual vegetable plant of the family Solanaceae. Although in Russia it is called "Bulgarian", his birthplace is considered to be Central America. Wild peppers are still growing in Mexico, Colombia and other countries in the region. This nigoki pepper has come a long way to get to our country. In the late 15th century the Spaniards first brought it into Europe, through Portugal then pepper was in Turkey, and some centuries later, sweet peppers and got to Bulgaria.
In Europe it was used more as a hammer as a seasoning. It's almost never used. The first who started to grow this plant for food, were the Spaniards. But the Bulgarian breeders have selected sweet varieties with large fruits. Paprika much diversified tastes of European cuisine, while condiments and spices were exported mainly from India and cost a lot of money. From Central America the Spaniards also brought the chili, but this spicy dressing is relished not all Europeans. And capsicum in contrast, Chile had a mild, sweet flavor. Especially popular peppers used in the Balkans. The word "paprika", which is now used worldwide, is of Hungarian descent. Hungarian seasoning has a bright red, rich color and flavor. It is valued for excellent quality.
In the late 17th century, the Bulgarians brought the peppers on the territory of Ukraine, Moldova and Russia. We have this culture was already known under the name "Turkish pepper". In old Slavonic Chronicles, there is mention of the fact that "herbal", as they called this plant has been used for medicinal purposes. They treated anemia, dizziness, asthma, and the taste of pepper was valued only at the turn of the 19th century. In Soviet times, the main flow of the supply of sweet pepper were from Bulgaria, the so – called "bell pepper" has taken root in our country.
Useful properties peppers
In our days the Bulgarian pepper is widely used both fresh and stewed, roasted or baked. It acts as the main component of dishes such as dishes, paprikash; it is stuffed with minced meat with rice, cottage cheese, cheese, etc. a Seasoning made of dried red peppers, add to meat, fish, vegetable dishes, seasoned cheeses, cottage cheese and eggs. We can say that this product is universal.
Bell pepper is a source of vitamins A, C, E, P, PP. It is rich in potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, iodine and silicon. To ensure a daily dose of these items is 30-40 g Bulgarian pepper. Due to the abundance of nutrients, bell peppers are irreplaceable for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, depression, and beriberi. Bell pepper helps to improve blood circulation, has a beneficial effect on the condition of the hair and skin, to stimulate the appetite.
Advice 9: How to grow black pepper
- - pepper seeds (peppercorns purchased at the grocery store)
- - a pot for planting
- - grunt
- - fertilizer
- - water
In the case of excess moisture the leaves of the pepper acquires a yellow color, and the lack of moisture brown color. Excess light can lead to the drying plants. The cold snap and the temperature change of ten degrees will cause the death of the plant. Permitted on the reverse side of the leaves of the pepper eggs white, which will later become black.
Advice 10: As pasynkovat pepper
- Pepper with a height of 25 cm, sharp scissors.
Advice 11: Proper fertilization of pepper in the greenhouse
Fertilizing pepper seedlings
Growing pepper seedlings is the most important stage because in the first days and weeks of his life sprouts plants are particularly delicate and susceptible to many diseases. So when on a tiny plant will form the first two full leaf, care must be taken about its comprehensive protection.
Until tree planting in the greenhouse soil must be watered with a solution of wood ash (100 g per 1 liter of water). For successful growth it is also recommended to amend the soil in which it grows seedlings, fertilizers.
When watering with fertilizer is important to follow the instructions for use, since its excess in soil may lead to the death of the plant. However, there are other possible negative results – for example, excess nitrogen fertilizer can cause the plant gives lush greenery that will negatively affect fruit development.
Immediately after transplanting seedlings in the greenhouse should make prevention of the disease called "black leg" - the main enemy of any kind of pepper. For this purpose, the soil around the plant should be watered with a solution of black tea – 1 Cup of weak tea infuser to 3 liters of water.
Feeding fledgling seedlings in the greenhouse
For feeding the young, but emerging plants, you should use a mixture of mineral and organic fertilizers. Make watering necessary only at the root, trying not to fall on the stems and leaves. This technique is used for the simple reason that fertilizer, once on the outer parts of the plant, can it "burn".
2 weeks after planting peppers in the greenhouse, it is necessary to prepare a comprehensive solution fertilizers. For example, to obtain 10 liters of solution you will need: 1 liter of mullein (dissolved in water cow manure); mineral fertilizer "superphosphate" 40 grams; potassium sulfate – 20 grams; wood ash – 100 grams. For watering, use 1 liter per plant.
Before flowering pepper garden bed should be watered again. For re-watering, you can use the same composition of the solution, adding 1/3 teaspoon of potassium permanganate. Add potassium permanganate to disinfect the soil from the appearance of fungal diseases.
Advice 12: How to choose the seeds of annual asters in the store
Every Amateur gardener, buying seeds gives preference to those varieties which are at the heart. But there are some things you should keep in mind before you become a master of the cherished packet of seeds.
- Choose a variety of asters in the appearance of inflorescences. They are peony, rozovidnym, needle, ostrich feather, unique, Princess, pompon, laplata, Riviera, lady coral and many new others.
- To choose the height of future plants. Aster height can be the edge (undersized from 15 to 25 cm), average height and height to 100 cm For this purpose it is necessary to think in advance where in the garden they will grow.
- The size of the flowering buds is of no small significance. After all, the cultivated asters in order to admire the flowers. Baskets of different types can be from 3 to 16 cm and more (new varieties). As a rule, the larger the size of the flowers, the less they will be on the plant and Vice versa. The most abundant flowering is a dwarf Aster, which have long flowering and a medium-sized inflorescence. But there are dwarf asters, such as "my Lady", with inflorescences as in peony groups.
- Asters differ in the structure of the Bush plants. They come with a compact, spreading, highly branched, subramose. Choosing asters, think that spreading or silnovetvistoe plant will require greater attention to the planting, care, obligatory garter, so that after rainy weather they are not broken and perished on the earth, having lost its appeal.
- It will be important to determine the timing of flowering plants. All varieties of asters are divided into 5 groups: very early (bloom an average of 95 days after emergence), early (96-105 days), medium (105-115 days), late (bloom in 125 days) and very late. Earliness of flowering asters should be taken into account. So in the Central black earth regions of Russia in the cultivation of Aster seedlings of early varieties to admire the flowering is possible in early July. When planting in the ground seeds of early varieties of asters will bloom in late August.
- The stability of the acquired varieties of asters to weather and disease is also an important criterion when buying seeds. Asters are severely affected by Fusarium. Russian varieties have the enviable advantage over the "foreigners". Especially this can boast of varieties of the Voronezh breeding.
- The use of flowering plants for landscaping or cut. Many firms provide this information on the seed packets. For good cutting need to purchase the varieties with long and strong stems.
Buying annual seeds of asters, carefully study the information on the bags, especially the expiration date. Aster seeds can be stored and quickly lose their germination.