To transplant a tree is possible only in strictly defined terms. Prepare the tree planting hole. The best time for this work is end of November – beginning of December. The optimum temperature for transplant or minus 2-3 degrees. You can also plant the tree in early spring, when the earth is in a frozen state.
The's a fruit tree aged 7-10 years, should be transplanted with a lump of earth. It needs to have a diameter of approximately 100 cm and the height 70 cm, Roots that go beyond these borders must be cut with a sharp axe. They are often cut with a hacksaw. All the ends of the roots necessarily sachette with a sharp knife. Teach the crown of the tree can be cut only in the spring, before the buds swell. The term transplant is not affected.
Plum, which is more than 5 years, need to be transplanted very carefully. First we need three sides of 50 cm from the trunk to dig out of the groove. Their length should be at least 60 cm and the depth is at least 50 cm of Pit fill of loose formula. It should consist of 40% rotted manure, 20% sand and 35-40% of upper fertile layer. Manure and organic residues will eventually be humus, at the same time, releasing gases. At the exit to the surface will form many tiny holes. This will ensure the road of oxygen to the roots. This will have a positive impact on the survival of transplanted tree. Groove tamp well and add water. The base of the branches, it is recommended to tie the burlap. About a month this harness need to moisten with water.
During the year, drain water regularly and protect from pests. Years will be enough for you to cut down the roots grew a powerful beard small suction roots. By the end of August, will be discontinued when the growth of shoots, you need to perform pruning of the crown.
Advice 2: How to transplant a tree, if it is large
Transplant of a tree may be necessary in the case of new buildings in its place, the expansion of the recreation area or Playground. For the success of transplanting a large tree you need to know important details of this work.
You will need
- Sturdy shovel, pruner, clay, charcoal, fertilizer, water.
Transplant normally stand of softwood trees. For example, pine, arborvitae, fir, spruce and many others. When transplanting a tree will have to dig out with roots. Note that some trees develop roots that go far out to the sides. If they disturb the tree then can be very ill. Before transplanting, dig around the tree transace width of 30 cm and a depth of at least 60 cm the Roots caught in the trench, pererubat sharp instrument or severed by the shears. Then sprinkle the roots with charcoal or zamazhte garden putty, clay. Tree trunks loosen and add fertilizer. Now the tree is ready to transplant.
Select a location for the transplant. It should be comfortable for the tree in the shade or sun, wet or, conversely, dry soil. Prepare the planting hole at least 15 days before the transplant. Digging a hole, pay attention to the condition of the soil. If she is exhausted, replace it with fertile. The average depth of planting pit: 1 metre. More penetration is not desirable, since the root system may rot. The width of the pit width determine the clod of earth on the roots. Before transplanting to the bottom of the landing pit pour humus.
Proceed to the planting of the tree: insert durable, the shovel dug a trench and try to stick it under the roots. If not, remove a little more soil on both sides of the plants. Try again to loosen the grip of the roots with the soil. When you see that the roots released, move the tree to spread out next to the burlap. Tie the tree with burlap that will keep the ground ball on the roots. Now it is advisable to dampen the burlap with water.
Clutching at the edge of the burlap, transport the tree to the new hole. Untie the burlap and firmly set the tree in an earth pit. Throw the prepared hole with soil and tamp well to the inside does not remain emptiness. Then pour the tree and tamp again firmly. If the soil will be air pockets in the wood can easily move. Watering will be enough for one bucket. After watering the tree every three days for 1.5 months. In tree trunks lay mulch: this will allow the soil to stay moist for a long time.
A deciduous tree re-pot in early spring as soon as the snow melts. Transplant tolerates ash, chestnut, cherry, Apple, Saskatoon, plum, quince, pear and many others. To protect the bark of the transplanted tree from drying out, tie it to the moss, bark, rags, a layer of straw or cardboard. Transplanted earlier in the spring the tree will cut all unnecessary branching. If you have the opportunity to make a shade tree after planting, make sure to do it. So the root system will recover faster and will come in accordance with the above-ground part of the tree. Also after the transplant, it is recommended that additional watering rooting stimulants - "IAA", "Carnevino" and others.
Before digging up the tree, mark the other side of the plant, which was toward the North. And when transplanting put a plant in the same spatial location.
If you transplant a plant from the woods, grab a couple of buckets of earth and mix it with vegetable.