Atherosclerosis is not always associated with age-related changes of blood vessels. Its development may begin in childhood. But due to the lack of any signs of the disease to identify it in the initial stages is not possible. And only when atherosclerotic plaques affects about 85% of the arteries, symptoms of other diseases resulting from impaired circulation.
A complete defeat of all the arteries is quite rare. And often it's a blockage of the heart, brain, kidney or lower extremities. Accordingly, the symptoms of atherosclerosis occur depending on the localization of the damaged vessel.
With the defeat of the vessels of the brain significantly reduced memory, mental activity, worsening sleep, there is unexplained irritability, nervousness, tearfulness, feeling of heaviness and buzzing in the ears and dizziness. Progressive atherosclerotic changes of cerebral vessels can cause them to rupture and stroke.
With the defeat of the vessels of the heart narrowing of the lumen leads to coronary heart disease, the first signs of squeezing chest pains in the heart area. Often they give in the shoulder blade, left arm and neck. Their appearance is preceded by physical and mental stress. As a result of changes in the blood vessels of the heart developing angina, coronary artery disease, heart attack, and sclerotic disease.
To suggest that atherosclerosis of the lower extremities can be weakness in the legs, pulling pain, cramping in the calf muscles, especially at night, and sometimes gait disturbance (limping). Due to disturbed blood supply appears cold feet and pain in some fingers. Progressive sclerosis of the lower extremities leads to nonhealing ulcers and gangrene.
Advice 2: How to identify a heart attack
Myocardial infarction is the most serious complication of ischemic heart disease, because this disease can occur circulatory disorders quite large areas of the heart muscle, which can cause significant hemodynamic instability, incompatible with life.
The main symptom that allows to suspect a myocardial infarction, is becoming the attack of pain, which is not like the pain attacks before. The character of the pain may vary in different patients depending on the size of the lesion of the cardiac muscle, but the pain is much stronger than the pain of the next stroke, and is not influenced by any of those medicines, which were effective previously and used for the prevention and treatment of chest pain.
To determine the myocardial infarction and helps unusually long duration of the attack that lasts more than 5-10 minutes, whereas the pain of the next stroke are usually at this time passes, especially when using drugs to treat that contain nitroglycerin. The use of sedatives or other such drugs based on extracts of medicinal plants and sedative means, effective only when the attack of palpitations, but totally ineffective in evolving myocardial infarction. The purpose of these drugs only helps to reassure the patient that affects his subjective state, but it is absolutely not affect the size of the zone of cell necrosis in myocardial infarction.
The development of necrosis provokes the shutdown of a portion of the heart muscle from pumping blood, which can lead to development of stagnation in the big and small circle of blood circulation. Stagnation in the small circle manifested severe dyspnea, which can join cough, indicating possible development of cardiac asthma. Stagnation in the big circle manifested severe fluctuations in systemic arterial pressure. It is accompanied by the development of pronounced hemodynamic disturbances in the organs and tissues of the body. With significant areas of necrosis may cause separation of the heart muscle (a heart), which leads to an almost instant death due to the development of tamponade, the pericardium, where the heart can't decline. Thus, there is an acute attack of cardiac pain almost immediately after which the patient loses consciousness.
Advice 3: How to determine the cause of dizziness and weakness
Dizziness and weakness. Such complaints to the doctor drawn every second patient. The reasons may be different: psychogenic disorders, impaired vestibular system, spinal degeneration, poor circulation, low blood pressure. To determine the cause, the doctor prescribes a full medical examination.
You will need
- - a full medical examination.
If you have weakness, dizziness, sometimes nausea, vomiting, consult a neurologist. A referral to a specialist prescribe a General practitioner after you pass the laboratory tests of blood, urine.
A neurologist will prescribe a comprehensive examination. Because dizziness can cause more than 80 kinds of diseases, you will prescribe a brain scan to identify the tumor disease or tumors, for example, a cyst is a hollow formation, filled with fluid. Growing, it can put pressure on different centers of the brain, which is often the cause of dizziness.
Psychogenic vertigo occurs after emotional stress or chronic stress. Besides the weakness and dizziness you can experience anxiety, mental instability, hysteria, mood swings.
In addition to tumors dizziness can cause microtrauma of the cerebellum, vascular lesions, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels. All brain disorders successfully diagnosed through magnetic resonance imaging. The doctor will make the diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Also, you will have a complete examination of the cardiovascular system. Functional disorders of the heart cause dizziness, weakness, unstable blood pressure, tachycardia or bradycardia. For diagnosis of the heart is carried out ECG, UFG, coronary angiography, echocardiography. On the basis of these examinations the doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.
You will be given a referral to an eye specialist for examination of the fundus. If the intraocular pressure is raised, it can cause severe dizziness and weakness.
Low back pain and osteoarthritis of the cervical spine causing severe dizziness, weakness, nausea. Diagnosis is carried out using magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and x-rays.
Be sure to hand over blood for tumor markers. The initial form of cancer manifests with General weakness and dizziness. At this time, other diagnostic methods have not bring any results, as the tumor is formed much later and its existence cannot be determined in the first stage of cancer.