Although the types of design there are many, and every year creates more and more new, the number of basic industries is quite small. In particular, we can distinguish three main areas: industrial design, graphic and architectural.
The industry is also known as industrial design, object or industrial design. Among the species of this sector are: transportation design, furniture design, household appliances, etc.
This industry appeared in the 18th century, and its Creator is Josiah Wedgwood, an English artist and master of decorative and applied art. Active development of industrial design in the second half of the 20th century, that is, the period when started the visual design of products, and began to develop marketing direction.
Designers in the industrial field aiming to make the surrounding human subjects and simultaneously give them the most functionality. After all, how the product should person, so it looks aesthetically and how it is useful depends on its success in the market and the demand among buyers.
This industry is considered the most common and versatile. That the results of the graphic design people face every day. Although officially this direction took shape in 1964, when the First Congress of the International society of associations of graphic design, its origins can be seen in the rock art of ancient tribes.
The purpose of graphic design is to improve the harmony of the environment, improvement of the efficiency of the communication impact. Graphic design responsible for the creation of individual external characteristics of the subject, the emotional impact on people. There are several varieties of this branch of design. In particular, it includes: print design, web design, mobile design, design fonts, posters, etc.
The third branch is an architectural design, or interior design. It is directly related to the design and harmonization of the surrounding human structures. This branch of design is stronger than other reflected the influence of different styles (art Nouveau, constructivism, minimalism, Baroque, hi-tech, etc.)
Architectural design contains a great variety of smaller industries. These include: interior design, industrial environment, urban design, landscape design, color design, interactive design etc.
Advice 2: What is the design of architectural environment
The design of the environment as the specialty
The human environment, items, buildings, objects that surround him, have a complex effect on his attitude, mood and mind. Already since the middle of last century it became clear that the objects of architecture and industrial design have become an integral part of the human environment, providing it with the complex the most comfortable space for life. Today especially high interest in environmental problems, since most of Russia's population lives in urban areas.
There is a need of implementation in practice design and education synthetic notion of "design and architecture". Architecture schools, in accordance with the realities of today, began training students in the new specialty "design of architectural environment". In architectural education was introduced by the design elements and psychology that allows you to create in accordance with the laws of the natural world. These professionals are engaged in complex development of the living environment of citizens and the problems associated with the provision of comfortable human existence in the city.
To 270300 specialty "Design of architectural environment" at many universities, including: St. Petersburg state architectural-construction University and the Moscow architectural Institute.
The training program, in addition to architecture and design design foundations design drawing, composition and color, includes psychological foundations of creativity, psychology and perception of colour, psychology of business communication materials. Of course, students study computer graphics and basic software applications: Adobe Photoshop, 3D Max, ArchiCAD.
Specialty "Design of architectural environment" is included in the nomenclature of higher school graduates in 1987.
Where designers work on architectural environment
Specialists with the qualification "architect-designer" with the culture of design in the context of the environment in demand in major architectural and design organizations. But they are particularly popular among private customers who want to organize their living space and build a pavilion, cafe or residential house based on the aesthetic, ergonomic requirements, and stylistic trends, rules and regulations.
With this approach, the building manages to create a unique architectural objects naturally fit into the urban or suburban landscape, interiors and design which are in harmony with the environment objects outside.