Responsibilities x-ray technician
The post x-ray technician may take a person with average medical education following the course of the training x - ray and radiological departments. The laboratory is subject to the doctor-radiologist and must perform the following duties: registration of patients, maintenance of necessary documentation, preparation of patients for radiography, the procedures on behalf of the radiologist.
An indicator of high qualification of the x-ray technician has the ability to carry out x-rays so precisely that you repeat the procedure for the same object, the work is identical to the previous.
X-ray technician monitors the receipt of medications from the pharmacy and all the necessary accessories, is engaged in the preparation of contrast agents and photochemical solutions for display pictures, and can do the job totalbalance.
Disease of workers of x-ray Cabinet
Radiation sickness possible in disregard of the special protection or poor condition, an ad hoc working days. To work with x-ray equipment are not allowed people with the following diseases: CNS diseases of the skin and genitals, eyes (cataracts), liver, diseases of the circulatory system, and any neoplastic disease.
Failure to comply with personal protective measures and rules for external protection of office workers in the radiology Department (radiologist and technician) can develop neoplastic diseases of the skin, cancer of the blood. Most common myeloid leukemia (working more than 10 years in this field).
Working conditions x-ray technicians
X-ray technicians have the right to early retirement at age 50 for men and 45 years for women. For the first General work experience must be at least 20 years, of which 10 posts x-ray technician. Women are required to have 15 years of service, half of which is in the x-ray Cabinet.
If the employee has the necessary insurance experience and only half (at least) need a "bad" experience, retirement age for them decreases at the rate of 1 year for each year in office x-ray technician. In addition, the working day of the employee is reduced to 6 hours. He is entitled to additional leave duration from 12 to 24 days per year.
Advice 2: Harmful x-rays
According to medical statistics, 70% of all diagnosis is based on x-ray. With this type of diagnosis can be determine the disease, its stage, severity of the pathological process. However, there is also the flip side of that research - x-rays can cause harm to the health.
What is the harm of x-rays to the body
X-rays, as a rule, is indicated for suspected fractures, injuries, in cardiovascular diseases. It allows you to determine whether operative intervention in a particular case. The main factor of the damage this method of diagnosis – exposure of the human body. If do x-rays very often, the appearance of tumors. The harmful effects of x-rays on the body depend on radiation dose and to the irradiated body. For example, diseases of the blood can appear because of the action of x-rays on the bone marrow and genetic diseases due to exposure of the genitals.
After x-rays possible temporal changes in the composition of the blood, large doses of x-rays appear irreversible changes in its composition.
For a healthy person a preventive study using x-rays, which is held once or twice a year, will not cause harm. To pass such examinations twice a year are obliged workers of food industry and food trade, as well as people whose work is associated with direct contact with other people. To date, constantly taking measures to improve radiation safety during radiological examinations.
How to reduce the harm of x-rays during diagnosis
In recent years, x-ray examinations are replaced by alternative methods: computed tomography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance therapy. They are more effective at diagnosis and more secure. For those who it is impossible to diagnose without an x-ray, as well as for patients that x-rays should be done on the course of the disease, to objectively evaluate the condition, the study make as long as deemed necessary by the physician. All medical appointments must be reasonable. You can't do an x-ray children under the age of fifteen, and pregnant women.
Women in the lactation study using x-ray allowed, because the mother's milk is not irradiated and, therefore, harm the health of the child they will not cause.
In that situation, if the child is ill, for diagnosis requires x-rays, this study was conducted with minimal care. The body of the child close with a special protective material, leaving open only the area of the body, the which you want to do. To try to reduce their own risk exposure during the x-ray is recommended to close your eyes. You also need to ask the doctor that during the study the whole body, except for area, the which to do, was covered by a protective material.