Stop the bleeding from the wound with a pressure bandage. Treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide solution (it is necessary for leaching out of hard to reach areas of the elements of the infection). Apply the solution with 1-2% of brilliant green on the wound. From top, apply dry a sterile bandage. Repeated treatment of wounds with green paint is not recommended less than 24 hours.
Do not apply several layers of antiseptic on the wound as an antiseptic solution is an alcohol, its excessive consumption may cause irritation or even skin burns. Brilliant green is available in 2 concentrations: 1% and 2% solution. For the treatment of abrasions in children should use 1% solution.
Handle green paint only wound, predisposed to purulent inflammation. For the treatment of simple wounds it is better to use iodine. For the treatment of wounds with sutures can be used as a brilliant green and iodine: the drug must be done by the doctor. Be careful when handling mucous membranes - this should happen under medical supervision in order to avoid burns.
Instead of green fodder is permissible to impose on the wound bactericidal plaster, which also includes the impregnation of a brilliant green, but with a lower degree of concentration.
Zelenka is ideal for the treatment of purulent lesions (furuncles, pyoderma) - unlike iodine, it is less dry skin.
Do not expose the alcohol solution of the antiseptic to the mucous membrane of the eye. If this happens, immediately flush eyes with large amounts of liquid. If you save your irritation for an hour or more ask your optometrist.
Deep wounds do not handle the green paint: it can lead to staining of the skin in green color after wound healing.
Green paint can't handle bleeding wounds: first you need to stop the bleeding.
Advice 2: How to treat the wound child
Bike riding, tree climbing, active games in the yard - the most common causes of injury to kids. Therefore, every parent needs to know how to give my child first aid and properly handle a variety of wounds.
Abrasion the child try not to bandage. They heal much faster outdoors than under a bandage or band-aid. Abrasions are usually very painful, because in the upper layers of skin contains many nerve endings. Rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide, the pollution around it gently clean boiled water. Further abrasion treat any antiseptic, for example, an alcohol solution brilliant green, decoction of calendula. If no antiseptic, apply to abrasion a bandage, moistened with a strong solution of salt (1 tablespoon per Cup of water). Do not treat the abrasion with cotton to prevent sticking to the wound fibers.
Contaminated wounds are best cleansed themselves, thanks to the bleeding, wash away dirt and germs out. But still, wash the wound with clean boiled or mineral water. Never apply on open wound, ointment, spray or powder. Clearing the damage from pollution, treat it with hydrogen peroxide, then with any antiseptic. If necessary, apply to the wound with a sterile bandage.
Fragments or splinters, often causing the skin children inflammation, remove with clean, treated with an alcoholic solution of tweezers. Grab the thorn close to its base and try to extract it at the same angle under which it dug into the skin of the child. Corrupted, freed from splinters or fragments, and skin area of the baby wipe any disinfectant.
If your baby bumped his head, entrust the examination of such a wound specialist. Only a doctor will be able to identify possible internal injuries. You can have a baby only first aid, covering the wound with a sterile bandage, which is better to fix with patches.
Wounds from bites, such as dogs or rats should be able to handle the doctor, very often on the teeth of animals contains various pathogens.
Advice 3: How to handle the seam on the wound
Wounds after injury, surgery are closed with sutures. So healing was quick and without complications, you must follow certain rules for their processing.
Preparations for the seams
Normal wound healing after suture will be possible only if it will be sterile. Moreover, these joints must be imposed so that to exclude the possible formation of a cavity between the edges of the wound. Uninfected seams are processed daily, but not earlier than one day after their imposition. To handle use different antiseptics: iodine, brilliant green, solution of potassium permanganate, alcohol, "Yodopiron", "Fukortsin", liquid Castellani. Lingering wounds treated with ointment containing panthenol. Promote healing chamomile ointment, ointment with milk Thistle. To prevent the formation of keloid scars you can apply the ointment "Contractubex" or silicone adhesive.
How to treat stitches on the wounds
When processing is not recommended to use wool, as its particles can stay in the wound and cause its inflammation. It is better to use gauze. The seams are treated once a day for five to six days. The dressing should be changed daily until the time of withdrawal of the thread. In clinics and hospitals ligation are performed in designated areas (dressing rooms). Daily dressing procedures promote faster healing of wounds, because the air contributes to the drying of the seam.
After suture should carefully monitor the condition of the wound. To disturbing signals, applies a wet bandage with blood, pus, the appearance around the seam lumps, swelling, redness. Discharge from the wound suggests that it has got a infection that can spread. Infected, purulent joints cannot be treated independently. In these cases, you need to urgently see a doctor.
Sutures are usually removed in 7-14 days, depending on the location of the wound. The procedure is painless and requires no anesthesia. Before removing the seam undergoing treatment, after removing the threads of the seam bandage is not closed. After removal of the suture thread needs to handle a few more days. Water treatments can take two to three days. While washing should not RUB the seam with a sponge, not to hurt the scar. After a shower to wet the seam with a bandage and treat with hydrogen peroxide, then it is necessary to apply the green paint. After two or three weeks after removal of the thread can be applied phonophoresis with a special absorbing solution. In this case, the sutures heal faster, and scars are hardly visible.
Advice 4: Than it is better to treat the wound with iodine or green paint
Thorough disinfection and treatment of minor wounds, abrasions, cuts, promotes rapid healing and prevents infection. Iodine and brilliant green – funds available almost in every home medicine Cabinet. They must be used in accordance with instructions.
You will need
- - iodine;
- - Zelenka;
- - q-tip;
- - a cotton ball;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- - bactericide plaster;
- - chlorhexidine.
A five per cent alcoholic solution of iodine use for the treatment of small and superficial wounds, abrasions, cuts. To prevent infection, just enough to irrigate the wound with a small amount of iodine or carry out treatment with a cotton swab, disk.
Children up to three years to treat wounds and abrasions with iodine is not recommended. And if the child has been damage to the skin, a more rational use green paint.
From the use of iodine and should abandon, if the wound is deep enough. The inner surface of such wounds is washed with hydrogen peroxide, and other disinfectants, for example chlorhexidine. For local surface treatment around the wound, you can use iodine. But treatment be extremely careful that the solution does not get inside of deep wounds. You then apply a sterile dressing and transporting the patient to the nearest casualty Department.
The main advantages in the processing of shallow wounds and abrasions with iodine: a rapid decontamination and dispersion effect. In case of intolerance to iodine, renal failure, dysfunction of the thyroid gland from iodine should be abandoned and processing antiseptic solutions such as chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide. Then lubricate the wound and scratches with paint.
A two percent solution of brilliant green can be used for the treatment of wounds, cuts, abrasions adults. If you want to use antiseptic children, you should stop the choice on a one percent solution.
Zelenka is much less dry skin and does not cause tissue necrosis. For the treatment of postoperative sutures are most often recommended to use the green paint.
Solution of brilliant green is impregnated with bactericidal plaster. In the absence of the ability to use a liquid solution, the wound is cleaned of contamination with sterile wipes and then use a bactericidal plaster, which need to be removed immediately as soon as I had the opportunity to use the solution of brilliant green.
Iodine cannot be used for treatment of the mucous membranes in order to avoid burn. Also it is not necessary to apply the iodine immediately after thermal or chemical burns.
Buy iodine and brilliant green at the pharmacy without a doctor's prescription. When forming a home kit is to be equipped not only first aid but and antiseptics: iodine, brilliant green, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, and bactericidal patches.