The main indicator which allows to recognize the small enterprise — number of employees for a specific period of time. Also important criteria such as the value of its assets, the amount of the share capital and the annual turnover.
In Russia small business is a commercial organization in the authorized capital of which the share of participation of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, charitable and other funds, as well as religious and public organizations not exceeding 25 percent. In addition, the share that belongs to several legal entities or one legal. person also must not be more than 25 percent.
The number of employees for a certain period should not be above the standard set in a particular area. If it is construction, industrial or transportation - number of employees of small enterprises cannot exceed 100 people. If it is a wholesale — not more than 50 persons, if consumer services or retail trade — no more than 30 people, if any other activities - no more than 50 people.
Definition of small and medium businesses around the world are close enough. What they summarize is the economic entities that do not exceed specific indicator on number of employees, amount of gross assets and turnover. Medium-sized enterprises are also eligible for simplified reporting. In order to understand the scope of the number of workers because it is this criterion that is often important - is to consider a few examples.
If you take a consultancy or research Agency can be attributed to medium-sized company when the number of its employees ranges from 15 to 50. If we talk about travel companies, medium-sized enterprises can be attributed, when the number of its employees will be in the range from 25 to 75. The average print media will be the editor of a number of employees not exceeding 100. In the same way as in relation to small enterprises, medium enterprises are considered from the turnover and market share that they occupy.
Large called the company, which produces a significant proportion of the total merchantable volume of any industry. Also it is characterized by the number of employed in the work of the people, assets, and sales. To include company to a large business, you need to take into account the territorial, sectoral and state-specific. For example, for engineering the main factors are the production volumes, the number of workers and cost of fixed assets. If you take agriculture, you can focus only on the number of livestock or area of land.