Congenital malformations of the fetus experts consider the following anomalies that arise in the unborn child:

- no brain (anencephaly);
- the open form of hernia of the spinal cord (spina bifida);
- congenital malformations of the urinary system of the fetus;
- heart disease in the fetus or pathological changes of the cardiovascular system;
- various anomalies of the extremities in the fetus – atresia (absence of limbs);
- cleft lip and palate, and other maxillofacial deformity.

Why is there a CDF of the fetus

The emergence and development of various malformations in the fetus may occur as a result of exposure to a large number of factors, most of which still remained unclear.

By etiological signs are congenital malformations of the fetus is divided into the following:

- deviations in the chromosomal sets of parents (hereditary);
- the embryo or fetus has been damaged by exposure to pesticides, medications, or infections (teratogenic);
- the joint effect on the unborn child genetic and environmental factors, which individually cannot by themselves be the cause of the defect (multifactorial).

According to some contamination of the biosphere may also be a cause of disease in 70% of cases of abnormalities in 60%, and death in 50% of cases.

The CDF of the fetus and subsequent abnormal development of children after birth is also connected with the professional activity - if a person suffers long time emotional stress, exposure to dust, high or low temperatures, is in constant contact with chemical products or salts of heavy metals.

Also if the expectant mother suffers from a significant obese, it can become a serious cause of abnormalities of neural tube development of the fetus. Such changes in the small body of the fetus can lead not only to excessive weight of the pregnant woman, but also a sharp decrease in the early stages of pregnancy.

The CDF of the fetus and subsequent pregnancy

A CDF of the fetus can be treated. After the birth, depending on the existing anomalies, the child is undergoing necessary procedures for its correction or treatment, and continues normal functioning. In the case when the CDF of the fetus incompatible with life of the child outside the womb, the pregnancy is interrupted. Six months after this procedure, you can plan the next pregnancy. There are times when a couple is recommended to wait for one year. During this time the parents pass certain genetic tests, which the doctor will determine when you can conceive.

In preparation for the next pregnancy couples must avoid the influence of negative factors, lead a healthy lifestyle, take multivitamins to strengthen your body.