How to take a urethral swab
Before taking a smear from the urethra is necessary for 1-2 weeks to stop taking drugs. Swab of urethra in women take 5-7 days after the end of regular menstruation. The day before taking the analysis to women not to douche and to use vaginal suppositories. 1-2 days is necessary to refuse from alcohol. The day before the examination you should refrain from sex for 2-3 hours it is advisable not to urinate. To take this analysis better in the morning, the day before it is necessary to carry out genital hygiene.
A swab from the urethra is taken from the urethra. During the procedure, the doctor enters the Volkmann spoon or a special probe to a depth of 2-3 cm and makes a scraping from the wall of the channel. Urethral swab in women and men are taken equally. Such manipulation is quite unpleasant and even painful, but the discomfort passes quickly. Soreness after the procedure will stop faster, if you increase the amount of fluid intake and often go to the toilet.
After taking scrapings placed on a glass slide and examined under a microscope. This analysis allows to reveal at early stages cystitis, prostatitis, urethritis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureaplasmas, infection caused by the gonococcus, Candida, as well as a violation of the microflora. Full results of the analysis of urethral smear can be obtained after 7-10 days.
The results of the analysis of urethral smear: norm and pathology
The result of the analysis of a smear from the urethra has a normal performance. Normal it contains leukocytes (up to 5 pieces in sight), epithelial cells (from 5-ti to 10-ti), mucus (in small quantities), red blood cells (up to 2 pieces), cocci (singular). Must be free of gonococci, bacteria, Trichomonas, key cells, Candida, necrobiosis calf.
The predominance of leukocytes in the biological material indicates urethritis or acute exacerbation of chronic urethritis, high eosinophils says about allergic urethritis. A significant number of red cells together with leucocytes and epithelial cells is a symptom of traumatic urethritis, tumors of the urethra, crystalluria, etc. Bacteriuria characterizes the emergence of single polinuklearna of neutrophils.
It is recommended to take swab from the urethra during routine inspections, when planning a pregnancy or at the beginning. You should immediately go to the doctor if you feel discomfort and pain during urination and sexual intercourse, when the discharge from the urethra and frequent urination.