Advice 1: How to draw socket

In the process of training of students of art colleges widely used drawing objects from nature. One of the most convenient models for this – plaster rosettes, capitals and other architectural details, as they have a clear structure and relief forms. Create high-quality images of gypsum rosette is impossible without observance of sequence of actions.
How to draw socket
You will need
  • - pencils of different density;
  • - thick paper of good quality.
Instruction
1
Start drawing a plaster socket with a contour of a rectangular plate, to do this, check the overall shape, the top, bottom and side boundaries. Also, determine the size of the plate with the perspective and tilt of an object in space. Note that the correctness of the definition plate will largely depend on the perspective and the proportions of the outlet.
2
Mark the line of symmetry, they will be the basic basis of the drawing. Then, depending on the shape of the sockets, build the main lines of the ornament, for example, draw a circle, the bounding plates. Enclose in it a regular polygon (the number of angles depends on the number of petals). Mark the points of all the main nodes of the elements. If the outlet is at an angle, place all pieces in proportion with the perspective.
3
Light translucent lines draw the basic lines of the design, large petals and leaves. Carefully draw even invisible line, as the slightest mistake will lead to disruption of the build progress of the relief ornament and distortion of the finished socket. Create the overall silhouette, with note that all the parts were proportional to each other.
drawing of main parts
4
To basting became more detailed and clear, a few strokes conventionally mark the main spots of shadows.
5
Gradually "to chop off" all the excess and add small details. Get maximum volume and specificity of all forms, but keep drawing too many "search" traces of a pencil.
adding small details
6
You can start making tonal decisions of the drawing. In any case, not cross-hatch everything, otherwise you'll ruin the impression of volume socket. "Sculpt" the form using the strokes laid in the direction of the surface. Note the correspondence of the degree of illumination on the figure of this outlet. Don't stay long on one part, try to work simultaneously over the whole composition to the total density of hatching was approximately the same across the entire image.
7
Finally work out all the details. Step away from drawing for some distance and try to see him and nature at a single glance. Avoid bright colors, try to correctly pass the colors in a black-and-white picture, it will establish communication between the tones that are matched to their lightness, and saturation.
final drawing
Useful advice
In order to correctly transfer the balance of light and shade, constantly training vision, train yourself to see not the narrow section and a wide, constantly compare the different tones.

Advice 2: How to draw kapitel

Drawing of architectural details is an essential part of learning classical drawing. Future artists are offered various fragments of ancient buildings, including the capital, that is, the upper part of the column. But the image of such details may be necessary not only to the student art Studio. It could be decorations for school or home play, and illustrations to the textbook of ancient history.
How to draw kapitel
You will need
  • - a sheet of paper;
  • pencil;
  • - three-dimensional mock-Doric capitals or drawing.
Instruction
1
To draw, of course, the best from nature. But few keep at home layouts, architectural details in natural size, so it is possible that have to do with the picture. However, you can use modern tools. For example, find the appropriate video, watch it to the place where the column is in the desired angle and freeze the frame. This, of course, volume is not the layout but idea of the lighting and relationship between the forms, this method gives.
2
Consider capital. You will see that it consists of several parts. Upstairs is a massive square plate, it is also called abacoa. Above this is the plate thinner, it is called shelf. If you draw these plates in the upper projection, the centers coincide, and the sides will be parallel. Under abakay from the Doric capitals is something like a bowl- a wide part formed by the rotation of the ball. It ekhin. Under it you see a belt, consisting of separate parts, again below the cylinder. He ends up going in a circle with a shelf, which is the transition to the actual column. This is the easiest option capitals. Under the upper plate can be images of plants and animals, the belt can be carved - and so on.
3
Start painting a thin hard pencil with axis the vertical line. The most comfortable angle - when the middle of the top plate is right in front of you. In this case it coincides with the axis of symmetry, and you just have to determine the balance of sizes. But, of course, you can choose any other angle.
4
Define the ratio of the heights of the largest parts. Take as a basis of the column between the belts. Its height is about 2 times smaller than the width. Mark the height of the points, then set aside from each point to the right and left equal distance. Down put the segments is approximately equal to 1/6 the height of this part of the capital. For ahina take the height equal to about 2/3 of the column height between the corbels, and about the same to the height of the plate without shelves.
5
Decide on the width ahina and top plate. Ahina bottom diameter is slightly wider than the main column, and the upper one equal to the side of the plate. The plate is about 2 times wider than the main column. Top shelves for take the width a little more.
6
Connect the intended point. All of the capitals connect the straight lines or arcs depending on the position in relation to you is kapitel. The oval part, you can draw just like you draw a glass or two straight lines between which the top and bottom are oval. Extra lines get. Side part ahina draw arcs, the convex portion is directed from the column. Pririsuyte transverse lines. Pass by hatching the form of the capitals. The parts that are farther away from you, take darker.
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