The causes of the spasms are collapse, brain tumor, traumatic brain injury, fainting, occurring on the background of disorders of cardiac conduction and rhythm, hypoxia, congenital pathology of the brain, multiple sclerosis, parasitic diseases and abscesses of the brain.

Symptoms spasms

Focal seizures are the main symptoms of epileptic syndrome, the form of which depends on the location of the lesion. Secondary generalized seizures complement the overall picture of pathology. On the EEG recorded seizures with a precise localization of the pathological focus. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography allow to exclude other brain pathology that could cause an epileptic seizure. Disease, manifested by epileptic syndrome without characteristic signs on MRI, called probably symptomatic epilepsy.

Focal seizures are divided into simple and complex. Simple seizures are not accompanied by consciousness disorders, and complex, on the contrary, are characterized by them.

The types of epileptic syndrome

Frontal lobe epilepsy is accompanied by motor seizures with contraction of the muscles of arms, legs, the side of the face; disorders of the motor cortex with a sharp tension of the limbs, pulling them towards the body, shouting; opercular seizures with drooling, smacking, chewing, institution eyes; adversive bouts with the institution of the eyes and head in the direction; partial seizures with motor automatisms, olfactory hallucinations and autonomic disturbances.

Symptomatic temporal lobe epilepsy is characterized by the location of the lesion in the temporal area of the brain. Clinically, this disease manifests itself (auditory, visual, vegetative disorders, olfactory hallucinations, a feeling of deja vu, euphoria, obsessive thoughts, sleepwalking. Spasms in this case is divided into amygdala-hippocampal and lateral symptomatic. In the first case, the attacks are accompanied by isolated impairment of consciousness, a sinking patient with wide-open, staring eyes. The second clearly reveals abnormalities of vision, hearing and speech. In women suffering from this type of epileptic syndrome, the seizures are becoming more frequent in the premenstrual period.

Parietal symptomatic epilepsy is characterized by the front of the parietal bouts with numbness in certain parts of the body, parestezijami, posterior parietal attacks with a sinking of the eyes and impaired consciousness, lower bouts with the feeling of disorientation, dizziness.

When cervical spasms there are twitching of the eyeballs, loss of visual fields, visual hallucinations with colored spots or circles before the eyes, frequent blinking.