Advice 1: How to install network controller

To connect your computer to the Internet through cable lines it is often necessary to use the network controller. Also Ethernet controller is required to connect to some wireless networks. We are not talking about connecting devices to the system Board, and its inclusion in the system.
How to install network controller
You will need
  • - Computer with Windows;
  • driver to network controller.
Instruction
1
The first thing you need to make sure that your network controller is determined by your operating system. It is possible to do so. Just right click the icon "My computer". Then in the context menu click on Properties. If you have Windows XP, then go first on the "Hardware tab" and clicking "device Manager". In the case of the Windows 7 operating system, you can immediately select "device Manager".
2
This will bring up a list of devices that are connected to your computer. Look in the "Ethernet controller". Near it should be a question mark. This means that the device is in the system, but driver is not installed.
3
Now you need to install a driver for this device. It needs to be packaged to the system Board and in its name must have the word Ethernet. Install the driver from the disk.
4
If for any reason you do not have a driver disk for the motherboard, you can go to the manufacturers website and where to find them for your network controller. Download driver. Unpack the archive to any folder. Run the executable (. Exe) file. Using "installation Wizard" to install the driver on your computer. Then restart the PC.
5
After rebooting again, go to "device Manager". Now, instead of the question mark will be written the model of the network controller. This means that the device is fully ready to work.
6
From the bottom on the taskbar, on the right side, you should have an icon that displays the network. To the controller when you connect the network cable and get Internet access, it will display on the icon. Also, in some cases, you will see the network speed. If the network cable is missing, then, hover your mouse cursor over the icon you will get a notification that it is not connected.

Advice 2 : What is a network card

Network card (network adapter, network interface card, NIC - Network Interface card) is usually called a specialized computer component, which provides communication and data transmission between multiple computers on your network.
What is a network card
Network cards are divided into:

integrated into the motherboard (mostly in laptops);
- external, requiring connection to a computer.

External network card, in turn, differ in the way they connect to the computer and the bus, which enables the exchange of data between the motherboard and network card. To date, the most widely network card with a connector for twisted pair and wireless.

The main characteristics of the network adapters are:

- bit depth - 8, 16, 32 and even 64 bits;
data bus - ISA, EISA, VL-Bus, PCI;
the controller chip (chip);
- support network environment of the transmission - BNC, RJ45, AUI;
- speed;
- FullDuplex;
- The MAC address.

The interface differences make the difference in the configuration of network cards, though the vast majority of modern devices support the Plug&Play technology.

The generic drivers included with the operating systems, allow you to use all the basic functions of the network adapters of the last generation. The drivers offered by the manufacturer of the network cards differ a great set of features.

Of special note are the cards based on USB technology, enhancing convenience and ease of use. a necessary requirement in this case becomes version support USB 2.0 motherboard of the computer.

Additional arguments for choosing a network card can be:

support adapter technology Boot ROM that provides the ability to boot a computer without hard drive on the network;
- support card Wake On Lan, responsible for the switching function of the computer via the network;
the set of indicators the rear panel of the model chosen card.

Recommended by manufacturers of network cards are Intel and 3Com. Also of note is products CNet, LG, Surecom, Allied Telesyn, At-Link and SMC.

Advice 3 : How to install network controller

To connect your computer to the Internet through cable lines it is often necessary to use the network controller. Also Ethernet controller is required to connect to some wireless networks. We are not talking about connecting devices to the system Board, and its inclusion in the system.
How to install network controller
You will need
  • - Computer with Windows;
  • driver to network controller.
Instruction
1
The first thing you need to make sure that your network controller is determined by your operating system. It is possible to do so. Just right click the icon "My computer". Then in the context menu click on Properties. If you have Windows XP, then go first on the "Hardware tab" and clicking "device Manager". In the case of the Windows 7 operating system, you can immediately select "device Manager".
2
This will bring up a list of devices that are connected to your computer. Look in the "Ethernet controller". Near it should be a question mark. This means that the device is in the system, but driver is not installed.
3
Now you need to install a driver for this device. It needs to be packaged to the system Board and in its name must have the word Ethernet. Install the driver from the disk.
4
If for any reason you do not have a driver disk for the motherboard, you can go to the manufacturers website and where to find them for your network controller. Download driver. Unpack the archive to any folder. Run the executable (. Exe) file. Using "installation Wizard" to install the driver on your computer. Then restart the PC.
5
After rebooting again, go to "device Manager". Now, instead of the question mark will be written the model of the network controller. This means that the device is fully ready to work.
6
From the bottom on the taskbar, on the right side, you should have an icon that displays the network. To the controller when you connect the network cable and get Internet access, it will display on the icon. Also, in some cases, you will see the network speed. If the network cable is missing, then, hover your mouse cursor over the icon you will get a notification that it is not connected.

Advice 4 : How does the network adapter

Network adapter or network card is an integral part of any computer connected to the network, which provides communication and data transfer with other devices and Internet access. To understand their principle of operation, it is necessary to know the characteristics of the network boards.
How does the network adapter
You will need
  • Computer with Internet connection and a network card.
Instruction
1
For identification in the network, each device manufacturer assigns the serial number (MAC address). Network fee, passing network traffic, looking for your MAC address in each data packet. If it finds one, the adapter decodes the packet. Typically the MAC address is written in the following form: 12:34:56:78:90:AV
2
The bit depth or bandwidth of the card determines the speed of data transmission. There are 8, 16, 32, 64-bit adapters. In stationary computers often use 32-bit adapters, and servers better suited 64 bit. The more bandwidth, the higher the connection speed and data transfer over the network. The following speed settings: 10, 100 and 1000 Mbit/s Normal speed for work and used by most adapters is 100 MB/s. But with the growth of Internet users there is a need in maps 1000 MB/s with the aim of a higher connection. If the provider this speed does not provide, this card won't do any good.
3
Using this bus information is exchanged between the network card and the motherboard. There are different types of interfaces: ISA, EISA, VL-Bus, PCI, CF. In modern computers mostly used by the PCI interface supports 32 and 64-bit data exchange. To connect the external network card uses a USB to connect laptop CF slot.
4
If you plan to make the network connection on coaxial cable (is thick and thin Ethernet cable), then this requires a network card with BNC connector. When used for data transmission twisted pair cable use RJ45 connectors. Data two types of connections are used most often.
5
Most modern network cards are additionally equipped with a ROM chip that provides a number of advantages. This chip provides necessary download computer not from local disk and from the network server, even if you do not have any discs and does not affect the operation of the card.
6
This mode determines whether the data transmission and reception network card. If in properties of a network connection are written, for example, "100 MB/s Full Duplex", it means that the network card operates at 100 MB/s and can send and receive data simultaneously, in contrast to Half Duplex. But the Full it is necessary that the device with which the connection is made, also supported the regime. In modern computers for the purpose of convenience and cost-effective network adapters integrated into the motherboard, although often used and external. The network cable is installed in the appropriate connector on the network card.
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