In anticipation of the arrival of "Ambulance" in the first place should take these drugs to reduce the pressure as "Captopril" ("Bonnet"), "Nifedipine" ("Corinfar") or "Clonidine". Usually at the first sign of a stroke is taken one tablet of "Captopril" (25 mg) to chew and swallow. After 10 minutes the pressure begins to drop – otherwise, after 15-20 minutes you need to take another pill. If "Captopril" is missing from the home medicine Cabinet, you can replace it with "Nifedipine".
When receiving the "Nifedipine" or "Corinfar" it should be remembered that this drug produced in a simple and long-acting forms. A simple form is used by cardiologists for the relief of hypertensive crises and are not used to treat high blood pressure because of its short-term, whereas long-acting form may be used to treat hypertension, but it is ineffective for relieving of hypertensive crises. If the home is only "Clonidine" can be dissolved under the tongue one tablet, but you need to be very careful with decreasing pressure – a drop of 10-15 mm Hg can lead to the development of various complications.
In recent times more effective in relieving stroke show neuroprotective drugs that improve cerebral circulation and reduce the risk of irreversible damage to the neurons of the brain. These include nootropic agents, as "Semax", "Ceraxon" and "Healing". Semax is a synthetic protein drug is not affect the adrenal glands and hormonal balance.
The drug "Ceraxon", adopted as first aid in acute stroke, significantly reduces the lesion of brain tissues and restores the passage of nerve impulses along them. "Piracetam" increases in the brain concentrations of ATP, but also enhances the biological synthesis of phospholipids and RNA. This drug is considered effective not only in preventing stroke and recovering from a brain hemorrhage that violate many human functions.
Action "Nifedipine" compared to "Captopril" comes later – after about half an hour.
Neuroprotectors protect, improve and adapt structures of the brain to lesions occurring at the time of the stroke.