Sand in the urine represents the smallest formation that accumulate in the kidneys due to the acute deterioration of acidity of the urine and metabolism. The presence of salts shows a feeling that urination is not over, even if the bladder fluid remained. At the end of the process there may be pain, discomfort. Too frequent urination is also a sign of sand in the urine. Unpleasant sensations appear due to the fact that the salt crystals are irritating to the mucous membranes. The patient can change the color of the urine, in this case it acquires a reddish tint. Sand in the urine looks like muddy sediment, sometimes mixed with blood. Particles of blood can be liquid or in clots. In advanced cases, it is possible to appearance of purulent discharge. Sometimes the patient increase the temperature and blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, swelling.
During the escalation process, the sand begins to move through the ureter, it can appear pains that give in lumbar region, flanks, lower part of the abdomen. These symptoms usually indicate kidney stones. In women because of the sand in the bladder may develop inflammation of the appendages, the vaginal inflammation.
The causes of sand in the urine are: heredity, genetic predisposition of the body, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, drinking water with a high salt content, poor diet, climate, living conditions, sedentary lifestyle.
At the first sign of sand in the urine, you must contact your urologist. Diagnosis of disease is carried out on the basis of symptoms and changes in clinical urine analysis, the results of the ultrasound examination. Severe pain the patient is prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as "Ibuprofen". If the urine has a large amount of uric acid salts, use "Allopurinol" or "Etamid". Phosphate sand is eliminated by changing the diet, limiting the consumption of proteins. When oxalate sand assign "Makulit", upon detection of urate and cystine salts used Tsiston, "Urolesan".
During treatment, you need to change your diet to eliminate salty, spicy, smoked food, soft drinks. Need to increase the use of water is recommended to drink herbal teas diuretic herbs which promote release of the sand.
Advice 2: What are the symptoms when kidney stones
Sand in the kidney is a cluster of minute solid components, its structure and chemical properties resembling those of rocks. Typically, it occurs as a result of violations of water-salt metabolism, and when there are changes in the chemical composition of blood.
When revealed pathology
Sand in the kidneys is one of the main reasons for the symptoms of diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. Most people are not even aware of its existence and learns about it by chance, for example, by ultrasound and x-ray. After much discomfort, the patient has only during the beginning of the movement of sand along the urinary channels. In this case the solid particles can irritate the mucosa, causing inflammation of the bladder and its ducts. Due to individual anatomy, each individual has symptoms of kidney stones manifest themselves in different ways.
When the sand in the urinary tract the patient experiences pain in the lumbar region. In most cases, sand is formed only in one kidney, so the pain is localized from the damaged organ. Typically, the patient experiences aching and pulling pain. But sometimes she can be quite sharp – shooting and cutting, radiating to the belly, groin and upper abdomen. These symptoms of kidney stones can cause renal colic.
Problems with urination
At the exit from the cavity of the kidney sand begins to move along the urinary canals into the bladder. You experience painful urination, difficulty in excretion of urine, not delivering the feeling of emptying of the patient. More frequent urination are not always accompanied by discharge of urine.
How does urine
A clear sign of the presence of sand in kidneys is urine color. It becomes cloudy and dark, its color indicates the nature of the solid elements. With advanced forms of the disease is observed hematuria - urine contains liquid blood or blood clots that are visible to the naked eye. In severe cases can develop inflammation, will be indicated by pus in the urine.
Some patients in the promotion of sand in the urinary tract there is nausea and vomiting. Because of the problem of withdrawal of fluid from the body can rise blood pressure and develop swelling. The increased body temperature indicates the presence of infection in the urinary ducts.
What is the treatment
If you are diagnosed with this disease typically assigned to conservative treatment, which includes a wide range of products, absorbing the sand and restoring kidney function. In parallel with drug therapy is recommended drinking plenty of fluids and a special diet that excludes salt, bitter and protein foods in the formation of sand.
Advice 3: Sediment in urine as a symptom of the disease
The presence of a disease in the body can signal not only those or other acute symptoms. Before much can be learned about the disease if, for example, be attentive to the changes in urine color, presence of sediment in it.
What is the precipitate in the urine
It is important to know that in medicine, the term "pellet" may not mean a visible savings. This word denote substances in the urine composition, consistency that allows them to be separated from the liquid and settle, float or stay in the main layer. Visible precipitation is usually formed after sedimentation. If they appear immediately, it means presence of the disease in the body.
There are natural precipitation, which serve as indicator of normal operation of the systems of organs. Mostly they are the color of urine and also white or reddish, the analysis of their composition is found flat, smooth particles of the same size.
Characteristics of precipitation urine
Salt precipitation (crystalline) appear with increased content of various salts in the body. Organic deposits include protein, particles of epithelium of the urinary organs. Precipitation in the form of flakes or mucus may be in the urine within permissible amount, and excess can be indicative of disease of the bladder, for example, ulcers.
A precipitate of white color indicates the high content of leukocytes in the urine because of acute or chronic urinary tract infection or inflammation of the genital organs. Blood in the urine may occur in cystitis, prostatitis, diseases of the blood vessels, insufficient coagulation of blood, anomalies of the kidney, infections, cancer. The cause of blood in urine child often is urinary tract infection or poor care of sexual organs.
The presence of pus in the urine (pointed to unusual turbidity, and the presence of flocculent or filamentous structures) indicates inflammation of the kidneys or bladder, sexual infection, prostatitis. Pus in the urine may also be a concomitant symptom of urolithiasis, tumors of the prostate, abnormalities of the kidneys. Sand in the urine is a symptom of kidney stones.
Dark-brown urine, possible for skin cancer, hemolytic anemia (premature accelerated breakdown of red blood cells). Black color can be observed in alkaptonuria genetic disease that causes a violation of metabolism, as well as acute hemolytic kidney and melanosarcoma.
On precipitation patterns in the urine is affected by the medication and eating certain products. It is necessary to consider if observed changes are a cause for concern.