Sand in the urine represents the smallest formation that accumulate in the kidneys due to the acute deterioration of acidity of the urine and metabolism. The presence of salts shows a feeling that urination is not over, even if the bladder fluid remained. At the end of the process there may be pain, discomfort. Too frequent urination is also a sign of sand in the urine. Unpleasant sensations appear due to the fact that the salt crystals are irritating to the mucous membranes. The patient can change the color of the urine, in this case it acquires a reddish tint. Sand in the urine looks like muddy sediment, sometimes mixed with blood. Particles of blood can be liquid or in clots. In advanced cases, it is possible to appearance of purulent discharge. Sometimes the patient increase the temperature and blood pressure, nausea and vomiting, swelling.
During the escalation process, the sand begins to move through the ureter, it can appear pains that give in lumbar region, flanks, lower part of the abdomen. These symptoms usually indicate kidney stones. In women because of the sand in the bladder may develop inflammation of the appendages, the vaginal inflammation.
The causes of sand in the urine are: heredity, genetic predisposition of the body, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, drinking water with a high salt content, poor diet, climate, living conditions, sedentary lifestyle.
At the first sign of sand in the urine, you must contact your urologist. Diagnosis of disease is carried out on the basis of symptoms and changes in clinical urine analysis, the results of the ultrasound examination. Severe pain the patient is prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as "Ibuprofen". If the urine has a large amount of uric acid salts, use "Allopurinol" or "Etamid". Phosphate sand is eliminated by changing the diet, limiting the consumption of proteins. When oxalate sand assign "Makulit", upon detection of urate and cystine salts used Tsiston, "Urolesan".
During treatment, you need to change your diet to eliminate salty, spicy, smoked food, soft drinks. Need to increase the use of water is recommended to drink herbal teas diuretic herbs which promote release of the sand.