Features of head injury in children the first year of life
Traumatic brain injury is called mechanical damage as the bones of the skull and internal structures (brain, blood vessels, nerves or meninges). Symptoms of such injuries in children of first year of life is very different from the processes occurring in adult patients. This is due to a number of features:
- incomplete ossification process of the skull in children, the cranial bones are very flexible, they are flexible, connections between them are loose;
- immature brain tissue that have not yet completed the differentiation of structures of the nervous centres and brain circulation.
So on the one hand the brain tissue in children is large compensatory possibilities they have higher so-called the factor of safety when the plastic skull and saturated liquid brain absorb the blow. However, because of the immaturity of the brain tissue injury can cause disorders in the development of its structures, provoking problems in the future in mental or emotional development.
What to do after the baby fell from a height
Many parents are faced with a situation where their child fell on the floor from the bed. Well, if the baby landed on the soft carpet, and the height of the bed or the couch was small. However, in this case, there is a risk of receiving a traumatic brain injury. To rule out serious head injury, you should observe the child for some time.
Recommendations after falling out of bed is pretty universal – if the child's behavior there is a sharp change, the child can not calm down and clearly in pain, you should immediately seek help from doctors. Experts hasten to remind you that in the case of young children it is better to just drive to the hospital in time to diagnose or exclude traumatic brain injury. After such kind of incidents may require consultation with a pediatric neurologist, trauma surgeon or neurosurgeon.
If between the fall and the cry of a child was any period (from one minute to several), this may indicate loss of consciousness, which in turn may be a sign of brain injury. In this case adults should immediately seek medical advice. An important symptom is vomiting or excessive regurgitation, which may also indicate the severity of the injury.
Thus, experts do not cease to recommend to parents after the child falling out of bed to go to the experts. You can call the ambulance home after examination, the professionals will decide whether to take the child to the hospital for a more thorough examination or reasons for concern. Parents who have the opportunity, can deliver the kid to a medical facility for consultation of surgeon or a neurologist, to eliminate the risk of injuries to the skull and brain.