Advice 1: The first signs of AIDS

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a systemic disease, which completely affects the human immune system. As a result of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) the patient's body can no longer cope with diseases that a healthy immune system successfully suppresses.
The first signs of AIDS
AIDS is a result of the impact of HIV infection on the body. The disease is terminal, i.e., leading to the inevitable death of the patient. So AIDS is the last stage of HIV disease is directly related to the activity of the virus, which causes the main symptoms of the disease.
At the earliest stage of HIV is manifested as the common cold or flu. AIDS itself has no specific symptoms – the disease can be identified only against the background of other disorders that occur as a result of violations of the immune system.
The first stage of HIV infection may develop a large amount of time. In some cases the symptoms may be only 10 years after infection. However, in the period of acute HIV progresses at high speed (from 2 weeks to 4-5 months), followed by asymptomatic stage, which subsequently leads to AIDS.
Many patients during the development of the virus experience chills, fever, rash, sore throat. Against this background, there has been a significant increase in lymph node size. May experience excessive sweating and General weakness on the background of weight loss. There is a strong constant fatigue that does not go away even after a long and sound sleep. Disturbed appetite, possible diarrhea. At a later stage, pain in muscles and joints, disorders of the respiratory system, shingles, herpes. However, such symptoms can occur a few weeks after infection, and after a couple of years.
AIDS patients are susceptible to fungal diseases, which may be the appearance of thrush, plaque on the tongue. Nails gradually begin to stratify and become brittle. Nail plates may appear typical black (brown) line.
The most severe symptoms of AIDS are caused by opportunistic infections that attack the immune system, which is not able to resist viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites. AIDS patients with a high risk of tumor cancers (sarcoma, cervical cancer, lymphoma). Among HIV-infected common lung infection (pneumonia). Tuberculosis in AIDS patients appears more often.
Esophagitis, chronic diarrhea and colitis are also manifestations of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. From the nervous system a high chance of toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and leukoencephalopathy.

Advice 2 : How to get tested for HIV

According to the world Health Organization, in 2008 there were over forty million HIV carriers all over the planet. More than 60 percent of them are residents of North Africa. HIV – the human immunodeficiency virus that causes the disease — HIV infection. The final stage of HIV infection is AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV is only transmitted in three ways. Is unprotected sex with a carrier of HIV, use of contaminated syringes, needles, scissors and other tools, as well as HIV can be transmitted from the sick mother to the newborn child in the womb or through breastfeeding. Other methods of infection does not exist.
How to get tested for HIV
You will need
  • A visit to the AIDS Center, HIV blood test or HIV test (for this you need your urine or saliva).
Calm down. Perhaps your concern is in vain. But if you have anything to worry about, now just have to wait. If there is reason to believe that you are infected with HIV, show prudence and protect other people from infection.
How to get tested for HIV
Give blood for HIV infection. Blood is taken from a vein. Today there are also HIV tests. A sample of urine or saliva, and then analysed.
How to get tested for HIV
Wait for the test results. They usually are ready within two to three days. The results of the study analyses the status of a person can be positive or negative. If a person is healthy, the result will be negative.
How to get tested for HIV
Observe the necessary safety precautions and protection and you will not infect HIV.
Useful advice
Do not worry needlessly beforehand. This is not what will not help.

Advice 3 : What to do if discovered HIV

Even if a person was diagnosed with HIV, he can take care to maintain their health. Currently impossible to recover from this disease. But there are ways to slow the progression of HIV infection and to cure or prevent other dangerous diseases.
What to do if discovered HIV
HIV – the human immunodeficiency virus entering the body, causes a disturbance of the immune system, leading ultimately to complete destruction of protective mechanisms against various infections. Most HIV is dangerous because from the moment of infection until the first signs of the disease takes a long time, sometimes several years.

With this disease must learn to live. First you need as quickly as possible to overcome panic. Because, unfortunately, life will never be the same. For a long time, HIV may not manifest itself, the person feels healthy and full of energy, but the infection should not be forgotten. The first thing to tell about the illness of their loved ones to protect them. As difficult as it is, family should not be compromised. It is also necessary to inform both present and former sexual partners. Sex, even with condoms, the risk to the transmission. Dangerous not only vaginal or anal sex, but oral.

The infected person requires regular control over the condition. Control is carried out in specialized AIDS centers. There can promptly identify the progression of the disease and the onset of AIDS. Because timely initiation of treatment is fundamental to success in slowing the progression of the disease. Women who are infected with HIV feel healthy and are able to have a baby. But first you need to weigh all the "pros" and "cons". In most cases, HIV is passed to the baby through the placenta and birth canal. Whether to put newborn danger, growth under constant medical supervision, receiving toxic drugs. Even if the child will escape infection, it can be an orphan before adulthood.

When the HIV infected patient's lymphocyte count drops to a certain value, there is the opportunistic infection or any other signs of decreased immune response diagnosed with AIDS. Such people need to strictly follow some rules. First you need to give up bad habits: Smoking, drinking. It is not necessary to sit on diets, nutrition should be balanced and nutritious. You must pay attention to the quality food. The water should be thermally processed. You should check with your doctor the possibility of vaccination against some infections, so as to apply not all vaccines. It is desirable to avoid contact with unfamiliar animals. Even after contact with own an animal, you must wash your hands with soap and water. You also need to limit contact with sick people, prostupivshieshie people.

Advice 4 : HIV: signs and early treatment

HIV-infection is a slowly developing pathology, for a long time without clinical manifestations. The developed scheme and principles of therapy can't cure the patient, but only slow down the further development of the disease. They are the creation of protective psychological regime, proactive antiviral treatment, constant medical supervision, detection and treatment of secondary pathologies.
HIV infection - a disease of drug addicts

Signs of HIV infection

The first stage of disease is characterized by swollen lymph nodes in the neck, under the armpits, in the groin. Lymph nodes are dense and painless. The patients had symptoms of meningitis and meningoencephalitis, increased body temperature, appear petechial rash resembling the rash of rubella. These signs do not always manifest themselves at early stages. HIV-positive people can be rather long not to suspect about your problem. Initial symptoms of the disease about the same in men and women and do not have significant differences.

The second stage of HIV infection manifests itself several years after infection. You experience the following symptoms: soreness of the joints, diarrhea, night sweats, muscle aches, fatigue and weakness, loss of coordination, recurrent cold sores, weight loss, recurring fever, constant dry cough. In women, disturbed menstrual cycle, menstruation becomes irregular, painful, between cycles occur bleeding. In connection with hormonal disorders that occurs in the infected female body, the risk of malignancies on the cervix increases hundreds of times. Specific symptoms of HIV in men do not exist. Infected children are prone to frequent bacterial infections, have little body mass and enlarged lymph nodes.

The third stage of HIV infection ends with the development of AIDS. Against the background of a weakened immune system patients suffer from intractable viral, fungal, bacterial, and protozoal infections. At this stage, detects the presence of incurable disease, like cervical cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma, HIV dementia and HIV encephalopathy.

Treatment of HIV infection at an early stage

Treatment of HIV infection in the early stages start with the concomitant use of 2 drugs in each pharmacological group, to prevent rapid development of resistance.

The first group of drugs - reverse transcriptase inhibitors of HIV. These include "Zidovudine", "Zalcitabine" and "Didanosine". "Zidovudine" is prescribed 500-1500 mg per day in 4-6 receptions infected pregnant women, persons who contracted HIV through injection with a needle, children under 6 weeks old, born from sick mothers. "Zalcitabine" administered 0.75 mg 3 times a day in case of intolerance or ineffectiveness of "Alone" or in conjunction with it. "Didanosine" take 125-200 mg every 12 hours for 30 minutes before eating.

The second group of drugs - protease inhibitors. They are assigned only in combination with reverse transcriptase inhibitors. "Saquinavir" take 600 mg 3 times a day, and "Indinavir" 800 mg 3 times a day. Both drugs are contraindicated in children. During treatment with protease inhibitors should daily drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid.

Advice 5 : What are the first signs of HIV infection

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the most dangerous infections. Until now cure for this disease is not found. The disease is insidious, and its symptoms may not appear for many years.
What are the first signs of HIV infection
The first signs of HIV infection may not appear for quite a long period, however the virus intensively replicates in the human body. At an early stage of the disease HIV symptoms appear only in rare cases, they are very similar to signs of a cold fast pass, and people will soon forget about them. To suspect HIV infection if the following signs. The man suddenly increased body temperature to 38оС. In some cases it lasts a few days and then comes back to normal. The weakness, lack of energy. Sometimes these symptoms are transient attacks, and in some cases, there constantly, for a long time.
The main symptom of HIV infection early on is swollen lymph nodes that you can identify yourself. You need to find the lymph nodes in the neck (tonsils), in the area of the armpits and feel them. Some of the first signs of HIV can be expressed in neurological symptoms: photophobia, eye pain, headache. There may be rash on body, sores on mucous membranes. These symptoms are not always manifested in the presence of the virus in the body. People may not be aware of the disease for many years. On average, from infection to AIDS may take 10-12 years (if untreated). There is a perception that the body of men HIV is evolving faster than women.
Over time, HIV infection continues to develop, the immune system weakens. The patient observed: rapid weight loss, prolonged fever (>1 month), chronic diarrhea (over 1 month), persistent cough, oropharyngeal candidiasis, generalized pruritic dermatitis. There are the first symptoms of AIDS. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is the most dangerous stage of infection terminating in death of the patient. Its first symptoms include the development of common diseases (herpes, pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.). In the presence of HIV that turns into AIDS, these diseases can cause a deadly condition. At present, HIV infection cannot be cured by any medicines. However, modern medicine will help to push the development of the disease for a considerable period, to improve the length and quality of life of the patient.
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