AIDS is a result of the impact of HIV infection on the body. The disease is terminal, i.e., leading to the inevitable death of the patient. So AIDS is the last stage of HIV disease is directly related to the activity of the virus, which causes the main symptoms of the disease.
At the earliest stage of HIV is manifested as the common cold or flu. AIDS itself has no specific symptoms – the disease can be identified only against the background of other disorders that occur as a result of violations of the immune system.
The first stage of HIV infection may develop a large amount of time. In some cases the symptoms may be only 10 years after infection. However, in the period of acute HIV progresses at high speed (from 2 weeks to 4-5 months), followed by asymptomatic stage, which subsequently leads to AIDS.
Many patients during the development of the virus experience chills, fever, rash, sore throat. Against this background, there has been a significant increase in lymph node size. May experience excessive sweating and General weakness on the background of weight loss. There is a strong constant fatigue that does not go away even after a long and sound sleep. Disturbed appetite, possible diarrhea. At a later stage, pain in muscles and joints, disorders of the respiratory system, shingles, herpes. However, such symptoms can occur a few weeks after infection, and after a couple of years.
AIDS patients are susceptible to fungal diseases, which may be the appearance of thrush, plaque on the tongue. Nails gradually begin to stratify and become brittle. Nail plates may appear typical black (brown) line.
The most severe symptoms of AIDS are caused by opportunistic infections that attack the immune system, which is not able to resist viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites. AIDS patients with a high risk of tumor cancers (sarcoma, cervical cancer, lymphoma). Among HIV-infected common lung infection (pneumonia). Tuberculosis in AIDS patients appears more often.
Esophagitis, chronic diarrhea and colitis are also manifestations of lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. From the nervous system a high chance of toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and leukoencephalopathy.