What is hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a viral infection. His feature - the defeat of the cells of the liver that can cause cirrhosis and even malignancy (about 35% of cases). Hepatitis C infection occurs mainly through blood, although the possible transfer of the virus from mother to child during childbirth. After getting infection in the body, it does not manifest itself for 2 months. Only a fifth of cases noted a constant fatigue, weakness, nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss and mild pain in the right hypochondrium.
To identify hepatitis C will help the special analysis of blood from a vein. Also doctor who is pregnant, should alert the changes in the levels of enzymes in the biochemical analysis of blood, and complaints of itchy skin, and preeclampsia. Sometimes the disease manifests itself through skin rashes and joint pain.
How hepatitis C affects a child
If during pregnancy revealed antibodies to hepatitis C, you should not immediately panic. Of course, this disease requires a thorough treatment, but at this stage it is not possible as the drugs interferon and ribavirin that treat hepatitis C can harm the fetus. By itself, the virus does not affect the health of the child, does not interfere with the proper development of the fetus and is not an indication for cesarean section. However, if the disease passed into a chronic form, the risk of premature birth and fetal growth delay is still there.
For vaginal delivery, the risk of infection from mother to child ranges from 4 to 10 percent. During an intervention it is also possible infection, although the probability is much lower. The decision about the method of birthing is taken immediately before delivery, depending on the level of antibodies and being pregnant.
Hepatitis C is not a contraindication to breastfeeding, as it is not transmitted through breast milk.
How not to get Hep C
Since infection by the virus occurs through the blood, a pregnant woman should avoid visiting the dental office, nail salons, tattoo parlors. You should not use other people's hygiene products, for example, a razor or toothbrush. You can't pierce ears or do the piercing. Unfortunately, there are situations when contamination cannot be prevented, for example, when the unfair treatment of medical instruments in clinics. Be careful when drawing blood the medical staff always used disposable syringes, opened by you, and also wore disposable gloves.
Advice 2 : How to treat hepatitis b during pregnancy
Hepatitis is the General name for inflammatory diseases of the liver, often developing as a result of viruses. Hepatitis b usually has a chronic course and is a serious problem for a pregnant woman.
One of the indicators of an aggressive course of chronic hepatitis during pregnancy is the amount of aminotransferase enzymes, leaving blood in the decay of liver cells. Blood for this analysis pass on an empty stomach in the morning after 12-14 hours of fasting. Other research on hepatitis b is a blood test for HBs-antigens.
Currently, during pregnancy women must take a blood hepatitis C is not less than 3 times. The frequency of delivery of the analysis associated with the possibility of obtaining false-negative results, as well as with an existing risk of Contracting the virus during pregnancy as a result of dental treatment, injections, etc.
As a rule, for the treatment of hepatitis b prescribe drugs etiotropic action (interferons). They are also called antiviral antibiotics. However, in pregnant women these drugs are not used because they have a negative effect on the fetus. In the acute form of hepatitis during pregnancy is not possible to eradicate the virus. A woman placed in a hospital under the supervision of a physician.
Therapeutic measures directed to the maintenance forces of the body, correction of fluid and electrolyte balance, preventing dehydration, conduct supervision over the proper functioning of the internal organs. If you develop coagulopathy, making the transfusion of blood plasma. Pregnant women who have recovered from acute disease or with chronic hepatitis, do not need drug therapy. It is necessary to avoid the negative effects of hepatotoxic substance (alcohol, chemical agents, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, some antibiotics, antiarrhythmic agents).
Contraindicated significant physical exertion, fatigue, hypothermia. Should follow 5-6 meals diet shown a special therapeutic diet (table No. 5). The diet should contain a lot of vitamins and minerals. Pregnant women suffering from a chronic form of hepatitis b, it should be remembered that a favorable course of the disease at any time can go to the island, so you must strictly follow the recommendations of the attending physician.
A severe form of hepatitis b may have a negative impact on the development of the embryo. In particular, the developing fetoplacental insufficiency, there are disorders of blood circulation. There is a possibility of vertical (mother-to-fetus) transmission. Due to increased risk of exposure to the child immediately after birth, carried out the immunization.