Advice 1: What to do if a cat has a swollen nipple

Pets cats are man's best friends, favorite Pets, furry family members. Their health and well-being largely depends on the owners. So you need to be attentive and responsive to their Pets, to pay attention to their mood and monitor the health, as do cats complain of the disease can not.
Cats can develop a variety of breast pathology.
Diseases in cats, no less than humans, and they occur in different ways, with different symptoms. Some of the manifestations of the disease the animal may notice himself. So, what to do if a cat has a swollen nipple?

Symptom



Cats have four pairs of nipples on the anterior abdominal wall. Most often pathology develops in the last two pairs of teats. One nipple (less — more) increases in size. Together with the nipple swelling and breast. Under what conditions can this happen?

Mastitis



Mastitis usually occurs in lactating cats, although they can occur in a pregnant woman. It is connected that stagnates in the breast milk. And this stagnation associated infection. Breast at the same time looks swollen, is painful, it is soldered to the skin, has seen a marked vascular pattern. Nipple tight, hot, covered with small cracks. The cat touching the stomach is avoided, but the sore nipple licks more frequently than others. When pressing on the nipple, you can see the cheesy discharge.

Since mastitis is a pretty tough disease, if you suspect it you should immediately consult a veterinarian. Depending on the severity of the disease the doctor will recommend a local procedure compresses or lotions, or General treatment, which includes vitamins, antibiotics, Immunostimulants.

Breast



Mastitis is a degeneration of the tissue of the breast. For cats it is almost always a precancerous condition, therefore, to delay the consultation of a doctor is not necessary in any case. Symptom of mastitis one breast augmentation is not associated with pregnancy. The seal may be of different sizes, not soldered to the skin, with smooth edges. For cats breast does not cause discomfort, so getting the disease is easy to miss.

The disease is diagnosed after puncture of the breast with the biopsy. In this procedure, the breast is pricked with a needle and syringe, aspirate the contents of the tumor. Even if there is no liquid discharge, cytological examination travel of tissue left in the needle.

Depending on the state of the animal, the doctor may prescribe conservative therapy or surgical treatment. Conservative therapy is carried out if the risk of malignancy of the process, a small (usually correction of hormonal and vitamin therapy). Surgical treatment is indicated when there is suspicion of malignant degeneration of the tumor. During the operation is removed and the nipple and mammary gland, tissue is sent for histological examination.

Breast tumor



The tumor is the most common pathology of the mammary gland in cats, and in most cases it is a malignant process. As in humans, it is very easy to miss, because the first time the cat did not bother. The first symptom is the swelling of the nipple. Sizes can be very different: from 0.5 cm to 3 cm or more from the dimensions of malignancy is not affected. If you were able to recognize the process in the initial stages, the pussy will have to reschedule the surgery in which she removes either some or all mammary glands. When related pathologies, suggesting the impossibility of the operation, the cat shows the course of chemotherapy. With timely treatment the prognosis of the disease is favorable.

It is impossible to bring the disease to the stage where the animal has dim hair, a nipple covered with cracks and of the mammary glands appears separable with fetid odor, increase nearby lymph nodes. In this state, the prognosis of the disease is extremely unfavorable.

Prevention



The exact causes of breast cancer and mastopathy, no one knows. The main theory suggests a hormonal theory of the origin of these diseases. From this point of view, the optimal preventive measure is neutering cats before the first heat. This procedure significantly reduces the risk of these diseases.

Advice 2: What to do after chemotherapy

The success of cancer depends not only on tactics of treatment. Great importance is the recovery after chemotherapy. Drugs used in Oncology, is toxic not only to tumor but also to healthy cells of the body, so to improve well-being, it is important to cleanse the blood, normalize the functioning of organs and systems and strengthen the immune system.
What to do after chemotherapy
After the passage of chemotherapy is more important than ever to maintain a healthy lifestyle. However, there are limitations which must be adhered to, not to hurt the weakened body. Walks in the fresh air will strengthen the immune system, helps to raise the hemoglobin, will give us strength. Just remember that the susceptibility to infections in the first months after treatment is very large, so from visiting crowded places should be abandoned.Good nutrition will also help to rejuvenate and normalize the gastrointestinal tract, saturate the body with vitamins and microelements. Especially useful are fruit and vegetable salads, dairy products, fish and meat dishes. It is important to eat at least 5-6 times a day, preferably in small portions.To remove toxins from the body one should cleanse the liver and blood. Traditional medicine offers many safe and effective remedies. To a liter of boiling water, add 200 grams of grated beets and carrots and a handful of dried fruit. Boil the mixture over low heat for half an hour. Once the broth is ready, cool it slightly and add a tablespoon of honey and aloe juice. Mix well, after which strain. Three times a day, drink 50 ml of this liquid in the form of heat. The broth not only removes toxins from body and improves blood composition, normalizes hemoglobin, increases to normal values, platelets and leukocytes.Exciting challenge for many women undergoing chemotherapy, is the lack of hair or noticeable thinning. As a rule, they begin to grow again soon after the end of treatment. However, you can expedite the process by rubbing into the scalp burdock little or pepper tincture.To strengthen the immune system can take a tincture of Eleutherococcus, aralia or Schizandra. It bears also are vitamin-mineral complexes and immunomodulatory drugs. But before applying be sure to consult with your doctor. Some medications are contraindicated for people with a history of cancer.Relapse prevention is no less important than the recovery of the body after chemotherapy. In order to avoid the growth of the tumor it is necessary to abandon a long stay in the sun, and also to eliminate the possibility of overheating of the body. To do this, to refrain from visiting saunas and leisure trips to hot countries.

Advice 3: How to make a puncture of the breast

In the diagnosis of breast cancer in recent years very often use a procedure known as a spinal tap. Doctors are convinced that it is absolutely painless, but at the same time manageinformation.
How to make a puncture of the breast
Instruction
1
First of all, it should be said that this puncture. This procedure is a puncture of the vessel wall, often of veins, cavities, or any organ with a therapeutic or diagnostic purpose. As for breast cancer, the puncture is performed with the aim of obtaining fragments of breast tissue.
2
As a rule, such a procedure is assigned to the detection in the breast tissue any masses or nodules. It is the puncture can help to detect the development of cancer. In most cases breast cancer is detected early, successful treatment.
3
Usually the puncture of the mammary gland administered in conjunction with other diagnostic procedures and tests. Before you spend a puncture, the doctor when using ultrasound examination determines the form and size of the investigated tumors. As a rule, the puncture can be performed in two ways. The choice of method depends on the ultrasound findings.
4
Usually takes a puncture uses a very thin needle is inserted directly into education. The procedure is performed in the sitting position. After injection into the tumor, the doctor pulls the syringe plunger. In the syringe gets some amount of glandular tissue, which is sent for Cytology.
5
In the case that for the study requires a fairly large volume of material, the puncture is performed using a core biopsy. This procedure is performed with a biopsy gun under anesthesia. As a rule, the puncture is performed in the surgeon's office. Unlike fine-needle puncture, puncture held biopsy gun leaves a small scar. Also there may be some swelling or bleeding.
6
There is a thin layer of stereotactic puncture incision and puncture of the breast. Stereotactic puncture is performed when it is impossible to determine the internal location of the tumor. It is performed under observation using the ultrasound machine.
Incisional needling involves the excision of the tumor. Histological examination of this material allows you to accurately set the diagnosis.
7
Unfortunately, sometimes such procedures are not necessary. Needling can be a decisive factor in the proper treatment of your disease. It is important to understand that the value of puncture and biopsy exceed your fears to experience the unpleasant sensation of pain (which often is just not). Moreover, the earlier the cancer is detected, the easier, faster, better, cheaper and more comfortable to be treated.
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