Signs of the disease
In the incubation period hemorrhagic fever may not manifest itself. This initial stage can last from 7 to 45 days but most often the disease develops in less than 25 days. After the incubation period, begins the second stage of the disease, which lasts a maximum of 3 days and is characterized by fever up to 40 degrees, chills and General weakness. Against the background of these symptoms can develop headache, rash, and in some cases, conjunctivitis. Sometimes the patient may notice a slight cough which the first stage is often confused with a cold.
In the next phase can decrease the body temperature, but the overall condition is not improving. The skin becomes dry, develops conjunctivitis and appears hemorrhagic rash (subcutaneous hemorrhage). Appears swelling of the face (eyelids), reduced amount of urine until its absence.
The treatment of the disease
Rat fever patients assigned to bed rest, which should last at least 1 week, depending on the disease and severity of its symptoms. Then the doctor should prescribe an antiviral medication ("Amiksin", "Lavomax", "Ingavirin"). Apply antipyretics drugs that reduce the symptoms of fever. Such drugs include "Paracetamol" and "Nurofen". At a painful syndrome, the patient should be taking "Aspirin" or "Ketorol", and also use anti-inflammatory medication "Aspirin" or "Piroxicam". It is worth noting that all drugs are prescribed by the attending physician and shall be applied in accordance with its instructions.
Also widely used infusion therapy with saline and glucose. To increase metabolism and improve the functions of the immune system can be treated with vitamins (B and C). Assigned if necessary hormonal medications ("Prednisolone"). If the patient's symptoms are exacerbated by disturbances in blood clotting are anticoagulants (Warfarin or Heparin"). In the event of serious renal disease is hemodialysis.
As a preventive measures of the disease should be avoid direct contact with mice. Eat food must be stored in places inaccessible to mice. Do not use damaged by rodents products for cooking. Also as a precaution you should wash hands regularly with soap and water.