To change or not to change
If the tank dies only one fish but the water looks clean, no change necessary because after changing the water need to wait for the restoration of ecosystems and biological balance. So you can simply top up fresh water, renewing the old. If the fish died from an infectious disease or has been in the aquarium for several days, the water should be replaced, washed the aquarium.
When adding fresh water in the aquarium must be not less than one-third of the old water – this fresh water should have the same rigidity and temperature.
If the tank still needs to be cleaned, you need to remove all live fish and plants, to wash, disinfect and dry. After this capacity is filled with new water. In the first few days in the aquarium may be a short-term bacterial outbreak with water turbidity – not to worry, she held herself. Then as the water again becomes clear, in the aquarium you can return the plants and fish it is advisable to start in about a week. Replacement of water is often the most effective means for getting rid of bacteria, but fish is a huge stress, so abuse is not worth it.
How to change the water
To change the water in the aquarium is great or electric vacuum pump. Cope well with this task and siphon, by which the sides and bottom of the aquarium can be easily cleaned from food residues and plaque. That the water is not green, the aquarium should be put away from sunlight and off at night artificial lighting. In addition, you need to periodically remove the excess plants and less to feed the fish so that the water is not polluted by residues of food.
Clean water will also help catfish-antitrus that slide along the aquarium walls and eat the coating on them.
A partial water change in the aquarium should be done every week, changing it to 1/5 of fresh water. In order to keep the water clean and transparent, the aquarium should be run clams and Daphnia. Many aquarium owners try to clean the glass of the tank with snails, but they are not very efficient doing it and also pretty much crap. Problems with water are usually typical for "new" aquariums – subsequently, they begins its own ecosystem, the situation is normalized independently. The main thing – to observe the rules for the care of the aquarium.
Advice 2: How to change the water in a small aquarium
Miniaturise is an attractive interior decoration. But in contrast to large tanks equipped with all the necessary equipment, there are some problems with care. If you stick to the basic rules, including to replace water, it is possible to avoid flowering aquarium and allow the fish pretty good conditions for habitation.
You will need
- - defended soft water;
- - a clean container;
- - ladle;
- - scraper.
It is believed that a small aquarium is easier to care for than large. However, this is the first misconception of inexperienced aquarists. It requires more frequent water changes, as more accumulate decomposition products of the waste products of fish. Besides the intensive growth of plants can deliver a lot of trouble.
The water in the small tank is completely should not change. It is sufficient to replace up to 1/5 of the total volume. This should be done quite often — once in 3-4 days.
Water replacement should only be soft, at room temperature, so you must have a constant supply. Draw water from the tap only in a clean container, which should only be used for this purpose. Defend the liquid is necessary for at least three days.
To replace the water in a small aquarium is not difficult. Calculate the required number for replacement. For example, in an aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters need to change the 2 liters (1/5 of the total volume).
A special ladle with a long handle scoop out the needed amount of water. Clean by scraping the walls of the tank and fill with fresh soft water. Then dial in a clean container of water and leave it to stand until the next procedure.
The water in miniaturised evaporates very quickly. Regularly check the level and refill if necessary.
Completely change the water in the aquarium should as seldom as possible, because it disturbs the biological balance. However, this should be done once a year to repot plants and clean the walls of the tank and the filter.
To replace the water completely, remove the fish and place them in a jar for a while. Drain the fluid with a hose. Remove excess algae. Clean rocks and aquarium walls.
Then pour over pooled water. Add bacteria and allow the aquarium to stand for a couple of days, and then start to fish.
For living in a small space choose guppies, gourami and tetras. These fish do feel pretty good in miniaturised. Also in the pond you can settle your cock, nice neon. If the fish grew to a fairly large size, they need to transplant to a bigger tank.
Very impressive look and feel good in a small aquarium is not only fish but also other marine and freshwater life such as shrimp.
Advice 3: How to change the water fish in the aquarium
The quality of water directly affects the health of fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium. To change it you need a few times a month, each time adding a small part. Water from the tap need to defend, and only then it is possible to plant algae and underwater plants, and run your Pets.
You will need
- -the water reservoir;
- siphon-nozzle or plastic tube with a diameter of 1-1,5 cm
- -additives to neutralize harmful substances (optional).
Type in the desired amount of water and defend it at least 5-7 days. In that case, if possible you draw in, 1-2 days later, filter the water through activated charcoal or boil for 10 minutes. However, you must remember that in the process of boiling water loses oxygen and it needs to aerate. Defend water in an enamel or glass container (enamel needs to be intact). Undesirable, but still you can use to defend plastic bottles. Typed in water, put in a place where it will not get sunlight.
If your aquarium is soil, empty the old water, using a special siphon with a nozzle. Otherwise, you can also use a plastic tube of small diameter (1-1,5 cm). At the end, lowered into the water pipe, be sure to put gauze, to ensure that it does not suck fish. Don't forget about the walls of the aquarium, in the case of heavy contamination, you should be sure to clean up before changing water. Adding water is carried out only partially, over time you can change no more than 1/3-1/5 of the volume of the aquarium. Full water change you need to only in extreme cases, such as the emergence of fungal slime, adding unwanted microorganisms, a large contamination of soil, etc.
For filling a new aquarium for the water not less than 5 days, and then pour it in the prepared aquarium plant plants and run of the fish. If you want to speed up the establishment of normal environment, add little water and soil of the already-built successful aquarium, which is a prepared set of microorganisms. Optionally, you can buy special supplements, which neutralize harmful substances in the store, when using water do not need to defend it.
Do not overfeed the fish, that is incorrect feeding often causes damage to the environment in the aquarium.
To check well water in the aquarium or not, breathe in some air from the surface. The smell should be light and unobtrusive. Impurities from odors indicate that in the aquarium are unfavorable processes. Refilling water is optimally carried out once a week.
Advice 4: How often should I change the water in the aquarium
In the aquarium periodically collected fish waste and microorganisms as well as harmful substances, such as phosphates and nitrates. To get rid of them will help partial or complete replacement of water.
You will need
- - 2 clean buckets;
- - 2 m aquarium hose or protocetidae;
- - a towel.
If you just purchased an aquarium, planted aquatic plants and launched his fish, change the water in it is not within the first two months. At this time, the environment is not stable and intervene in the formation of climate is not necessary.
After a couple of months you can begin to replace the water. Experienced aquarists suggest that as little as possible to resort to full replacement of water in the tank, but to replace a small amount of water, about 20% of the volume of the container to produce at least once a week.
It is necessary to prepare water in advance. Type it in a clean plastic bucket to be used only for the aquarium. While they should not be washed by any cleaning agents as they can adversely affect aquatic life. Let the water stand for a couple of days. During this time, disappear harmful substances such as chlorine. Water will become softer and acquire the optimal room temperature. If necessary, strain the water to remove impurities.
Place clean bucket on the towel. Then pour 1/5 of the water from the aquarium with a hose. Put one end in the tank, then suck a little air through second, through this technique, water will flow into the bucket.
Clean the bottom and walls of the tank of accumulated organic matter on them. For garbage collection use a special trap or protocoldetail. Then pour the settled water through a watering can.
Sometimes the need to replace more water to half the volume of the aquarium. This disrupts the biological balance in the aquarium environment, so this procedure should be performed only in cases of emergency, for example if fish began to etched copper or nitrates. In such a radical substitution of water can be lost some of the plants and fish, but after a week of microflora is restored and you can continue to care for the aquarium, as usual, replacing one fifth of the water every week.
Such a drastic measure, complete replacement of water should be carried out in extreme cases, if the tank starts to bloom rapidly, appears fungal slime, and the water is constantly murky. This usually occurs due to improper care of the tank or upon the entry of dangerous microorganisms.
With the complete replacement of water is necessary to remove all the inhabitants, drain the water completely, remove all plants and decor. Then, all thoroughly washed, newly planted algae, to install the equipment, pour soft water. Start micro-organisms, bacteria and fish. The first water change you will need to start only after 2-3 months.