Combined oral contraceptives
There are several types of birth control pills. Combined oral contraceptives contain low doses of estrogen and progesterone, as a result of their actions the development of the eggs is suppressed. Reception of such preparations begin on the first day of the monthly cycle. They need to drink daily at the same time that the hormones are better absorbed by the body.
Combined oral means have a relatively high contraceptive effect up to 99%. If necessary, they are able to provide a safe unplanned emergency contraception. In addition, they reduce the risk of breast tumors, cysts, provide protection against ectopic pregnancy can prevent anemia, improve condition of skin, nails, hair. These drugs are recommended for women with a high level of male hormones.
The disadvantages of combined oral contraceptives include lack of protection from sexually transmitted diseases. These medications incompatible with breastfeeding, epilepsy, diabetes, breast cancer. They increase the risk of blood clots in the blood vessels, increase blood clotting. Their contraceptive effect reduces some medications such as antibiotics.
The use of combined oral contraceptives cannot be skipped, this increases the risk of unwanted pregnancy.
Progestin birth control pills
The effect of progestin contraceptive pill (mini-pill) based on their effect on the endometrium and the viscosity of the secretions of the cervical canal. Thicker mucus and endometrial looseness does not allow the sperm to penetrate the egg and preventing it from attaching to the uterine wall. The effectiveness of these contraceptives slightly lower combined oral contraceptives, it is 95%. However, these drugs do not violate the function of blood circulation and do not cause the risk of thrombosis.
Progestin a contraceptive pill suitable for lactating women.
By cons progestin birth control pills include high risk of ovarian cysts, the need to comply with accurate reception mode. If a woman has a predisposition to candidiasis, it can worsen the disease. The contraceptive effect of these drugs is reduced by a simultaneous intake of medicines against tuberculosis, anticonvulsants.
The effectiveness of the pill will depend on the characteristics of the organism, so specific medication should consult a doctor. For proper selection of oral contraceptives is carried out several studies in order to avoid pathologies. During the menstrual cycle a woman must pass twice pelvic ultrasound to assess the condition of the endometrium, ovulation features. It is also recommended to consult a specialist-mammologist and perform breast ultrasound. In some cases, you may be assigned a blood test for hormone levels.