In accordance with the civil procedural, criminal-procedural and arbitration procedural codes of the Russian Federation, in the courtroom, the following occurs: a judge or panel of judges (depending on business) announce the case subject to, and check the appearance of the parties. You must have a document proving the identity. At the hearing in a civil case it is sufficient the presence of the plaintiff and defendant, in the criminal - requires the presence of the Prosecutor (the public Prosecutor) and advocate (lawyer). Depending on the nuances of the case, the individuals whose presence is required changes.
Further, at the meeting announced the composition of the court and explained the right of withdrawal and rejection (the person involved in the case, may require replacement of judge, Secretary, etc., if you provide a good reason). The next stage is the clarification of the rights of the participants in the process, that is, the judge explains who and what you are entitled to do.
Further, claimed the petition (appeal of one of the parties or both parties with any Supplement, specification, request to the court). Motions can be made throughout the trial. After that, we consider the possibility of the case. If the court came to the conclusion that the hearing can be held, starts the proceedings.
At this stage, the reported claims of the parties, it appears, does it support claims by the plaintiff, whether to support their explanations by other participants in the process. Further study the case materials (i.e. all the documents submitted by the parties the court). If the case is serious enough and except the plaintiff and defendant, to participate in the case brought by other persons, such as experts or witnesses, at the stage of the proceedings they in turn are invited into the courtroom. The same applies to criminal proceedings.
That is followed by additions and replicas, by means of which the parties may Supplement the previously mentioned and also debate of the parties. In the criminal process at the stage of pleadings the floor to the public Prosecutor and the defender and to the defendant (the defendant).
After debate of the parties the court retires to the deliberation room, shall issue the operative part of the decision, which it announces in the presence of all participants. If a criminal case, shall issue a decision and the sentence. Then explain the timing and order of appeals and other established by the procedural codes, law. The hearing is adjourned.
It should be noted that this is only the basic "skeleton" of the hearing. Usually, even in simple civil cases, there is a preliminary hearing (identical procedure, which includes at the hearing). In some cases, a continuance, postponement of the trial, and many other nuances depending on the business category. All these points you can check with the court clerks or to see yourself in the appropriate code.
When dealing with secretaries and judges try not to forget that you are people just like you. But remember that they are acting in the interests of the law.