Advice 1: What was the name of the 9 muses and what they were doing

Muse – in Greek mythology, the patron of arts and Sciences, mentor talented people. The nine muses were considered as daughters of the Supreme God Zeus and the goddess of memory, Mnemosyne. Each Muse was responsible for a kind of science or art, but they were all necessary to achieve harmony.
Apollo surrounded by the muses

Nine sisters


The sisters were equal, but the Queen of the muses, the Greeks believed Calliope, the Muse of sacrifice and patriotism. Calliope symbolized the love of country and inspired the soldiers before the battle. Also it was called the Muse of epic poetry and was depicted with a scroll and stylus in his hands.

With the friendly Calliope was the Muse of history, Clio. She was depicted with the tablets, which recorded even the most minor event that took place in the world. No one should forget your past because without a past there is no future – that is the motto of Clio.

Another patron of science, Urania was considered the wisest of the daughters of Zeus. The Muse holds the celestial sphere and compass, which determines the distance between the stars. Urania symbolizes not only astronomy, but also the desire for knowledge, hunger to the stars.

Modern patron of the theatre, the Muse of tragedy Melpomene, the Muse of Comedy Thalia personified in Ancient Greece, the theater of life in which people play their roles according to the will of the gods. Melpomene is traditionally portrayed with a tragic mask in the hand, but in the other hand can hold the sword, punishing the perpetrators of the final play. Waist with a comic mask in her hands, defended the possibility of a happy ending to any story. It was characterised by optimism and contagious joy.

The Muse of poetry Euterpe was considered the most beautiful of the muses – the gods on the Olympic feast could listen for hours to her poems. She was depicted with a pipe and wreath of flowers, often surrounded by forest nymphs, as poetry and music prompted her nature.

Erato was responsible for love poetry. She urged all couples to fight for their feelings and to cherish them. When a person speaks words of love, or hugging a loved one, the Muse Erato playing a gentle tune on his lyre.

Terpsichore is the patron of dance, and the dance in Ancient Greece expressed special connection with nature, the unity of body and soul in motion. In hand the Muse holds a harp, the sounds which are heard only talented dancers.

Only Muse without distinguishing symbols were Polyhymnia. She favored the speakers. At her will the speaker's speech can light a fire in the hearts of the listeners or apprehension. Polyhymnia was also a Muse of prayers and hymns addressed to the gods.

Inmate Parnassus


The muses were companions of the God Apollo lived on mount Parnassus, at the foot of which beat Kastalsky key. A SIP of water from this source was inspired, because the Muse has protected all who sought to perfect.

Nine goddesses, the sisters revered throughout Greece and they built temples called sazanami. From muzayanov the name of modern museums – repositories of works of art, the creation of which was inspired by Muse.

Advice 2 : Greek Muse

In Greek mythology, the patron God of the arts Apollo was surrounded by a retinue, consisting of nine beautiful muses. Each of them had the ability to one art or science. And, moreover, could give them what we thought to be worthy of this beautiful gift.
Apollo and the muses
Extant descriptions of the music are controversial, but most authors agree on one thing: all the muses were daughters of Zeus and goddess of memory Mnemosyne. They lived on mount Parnassus, at the foot of which beat Kastalsky key – the source of divine inspiration. On the ground in honor of each of them were established temples, known as masanami. It is from their names was the word "Museum".

Functions and attributes of the muses


The eldest of the muses were calliope – Muse of epic poetry. Her son is considered a legendary singer and musician Orpheus. In a sign of supremacy over the other muses, calliope was wearing a Golden crown. Usually she was depicted with a writing tablet coated with wax, and a stylus (bronze rod for the application of the text).

Clio – the Muse of history, whose attributes were a scroll of parchment or a tablet.

The patrons of theatrical art was the Muse of tragedy Melpomene, the Muse of Comedy Thalia. Both portrayed with a wreath of ivy on his head and a mask of Melpomene, it was tragic, Waist – comic. By the way, Melpomene was the mother of a dangerous and seductive sirens, who inherited her divinely beautiful voice.

Polyhymnia – Muse of solemn hymns. The ancient Greeks believed its Creator so beloved of the Lira. As a rule, Polyhymnia depicted with a scroll in his hands.

Terpsichore was considered the Muse of dance. She was depicted with a constant smile on his lips, sometimes dancing, but mostly sitting and playing the lyre.

Urania – Muse of astronomy, holding a celestial globe and a compass. According to some versions, Urania is considered to be the mother of hymen.

And finally, the two poetic muses: Euterpe – Muse of lyric poetry and music – and Erato – Muse of love poetry. A mandatory attribute of Euterpe was a flute or a lyre, Erato – harp.

Mention of the muses in literature


For the first time in the literature on music was mentioned by Homer and Hesiod. Nine muses appeared not at once. Homer said something about one, then about a few muses, but none of them mentioned by name. Later, various sources said about the three muses, which is often confused with haritaki were considered to be goddesses of fertility, and then beauty and joy. Gradually the number of the muses grew to nine, became famous and their names.

A classic text on music was the "Theogony" of Hesiod. They were described as beautiful lady, wonderful voices glorifying the heroic deeds of Zeus. The Hesiod thanked the muses for the gift of chants", which they gave.

Companions of Apollo, the muses become in the poem of Homer "the Iliad". In addition to Apollo, the muses were regarded as companions of Dionysus. No wonder the Greeks saw in the art of two principles: harmonious – polonovski – and natural – Dionysian.

The influence of music on human life


The ideas of ancient Greeks, the muses accompanied the man in all the most important moments of his life: birth and death, love and marriage, the art class, the choice of life.

Starting with the archaic period, the image of the nine muses can be seen on sarcophagi. The ancient Greeks believed that the muses accompany the souls of the dead to the heavenly island of happiness.

Introducing the all famous Greek science and art, muses symbolized the creative power of the person who was supposed to Wake up for his life and to give the world beauty and harmony.
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