Advice 1: What are omnivores

On earth a huge number of animals living in water, on land and in the air. Scientists have counted almost two million different species of animals. They are all very different, differ not only in size, color, but also the type of food.
What are omnivores

Food animals




In the animal world there are different food chains. There are species that use exclusively plant-based diet, they are herbivores. For example, the usual diet of the jackrabbit is juicy grass, shoots of plants and the bark of trees. Bees feed on pollen and nectar from the flowers.

Predatory animals, which include wolves, tigers, lions, owls, and even ladybugs in the process of hunting for live prey get their food. Food for predators can serve large mammals, rodents, and various small animals, bird eggs, carrion.

Is in the nature and these animals that eat plant food along with other meats. Why they are called omnivores.


What animals are omnivores?




Brown bear in the warmer time of the year is in the forest for various edible fruits, berries, nuts. But a scant vegetable diet insufficient for him, he doesn't mind supplemented by small rodents, some insects, eggs of birds. After the winter sleep the bear wakes up skinny and hungry, and plant foods is still very small, so he is forced to play the role of a predator, attacking deer and livestock.

Wild boars have a varied menu, eating fruits, seeds and stems of plants, their roots, mushrooms, nuts, bulbs, lichens. They are also not averse to eat small rodents, worms, snakes, frogs, snails, insect larvae, lizards. Very hard to survive the boars in the winter. They are looking for food under the snow, surveying the fields and orchards. In the summer of the wild pigs love to swim in the waters, well and fast.

Hedgehog in the winter time falling asleep, getting comfortable in pre-cooked in the ground nest. If he cannot afford an adequate supply of fat may not survive until spring. Usually in April the hedgehog is selected from their shelter. At this time he is really hungry, eaten food equal to 1/3 the weight of the animal. It feeds on fruits, berries, acorns and mushrooms. It is not surprising, but hedgehogs run fast, swim well and climb trees. This helps them to forage for earthworms, slugs, insects and their larvae, snails, kusakov. At home, hedgehogs do not refuse from meat, bread and eggs.

Badger lives in a hole in the winter period hibernating. He is active at night, hunting for frogs, earthworms, insects, lizards, birds, and small rodents. Eat nuts, mushrooms, grass and ripe berries. By the fall of nice's cramming and storing fat that helps to survive the winter.

In addition to omnivorous animals also include cockroaches, chimpanzees, ostriches, raccoons-poloskun, cranes, giant lizards, warthogs.

Advice 2: What animals belong to the night

The night animals are mainly predators. Among the birds are owls and eagle owls, kiwi. Off the bat activity takes place exclusively in the dark. Many cats are also nocturnal animals.
 Many animals of the cat family are nocturnal

Flying animals and birds



Owls - known nocturnal predators. These birds prefer to live in the woods, where hunting for rodents and other animals. When searching for prey owls use their sharp vision and special hearing, which helps to find the habitat of the victims at a great distance.


Kiwi birds that live only in New Zealand. Because of their appearance have become popular around the world. These birds have a round body, short powerful legs, long thin beak. The color of the plumage of the kiwi brown.


On the hunt kiwi use their sharp hearing and sense of smell. Are very agile, though clumsy look. They feed on small animals and berries.


Bats are perhaps one of the brightest representatives of nocturnal animals. In the minds of people they are associated with mystery, werewolves, vampires. But only one species of bat feeds on blood. Others prefer small animals and insects. Appearance and dimensions vary depending on what species are.


Hunting bats use echolocation. They emit ultrasound that is reflected from the surrounding space and the animal knows where the prey is.


Aquatic animals



The octopus has the most highly developed Central nervous system among invertebrates. These mollusks have many interesting abilities. They can detach their tentacles to escape from the enemy. The lack of bones makes it possible to take a different shape. Octopuses change color, blending with the environment. Or their color can change depending on mood.


The Humboldt squid can not stand the light of day. At night it rises to the surface of the water to hunt. The day squid lives in the dark depths of the ocean.


Land animals



The hyena is one of the most dangerous nocturnal predators. These animals are easy to deal with stray from the herd with a baby elephant. Hunt in a pack start, there is also the live victim, as competition for meat is very large. It should be noted that some species of hyenas are diurnal.


The coyotes and jackals mainly hunt at night, so that they could be called nocturnal animals.


Scorpions – the representatives of the class Arachnida. The greatest activity of Scorpions occurs in the night when there is a significant temperature drop. Kill their prey with venom that can be deadly to humans.


Scorpions were known thousands ago. In Ancient Egypt they were revered as sacred animals. Their poison was used in different practical purposes, for example, in medicine.


Lynx – coniferous forests of the family Felidae. Lynx prey on small animals and fish.


Domestic cats tend to be active at night. Though the day may change depending on the nature of the cat and its breed. Approximately the same behavior from the lions. During the day they like to sleep, and to hunt at night. However, the lion may be active in the daytime.
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