Rules of jurisdiction in civil procedure of the Russian Federation
Applying for and, most importantly, the correctness of such filing is sometimes decide the fate of the whole affair. Basic information, definitions, deadlines, filing a civil lawsuit specified in the Civil procedure code of the Russian Federation. Before going to file a civil suit, a person must accurately determine the jurisdiction of the case. As a rule, if this is a contractual relationship, the jurisdiction is determined in one of the sections of the contract, for example: "In case of failure to settle disputes by negotiations place of dispute resolution is the Arbitration court of Novosibirsk Region" or "the Parties may submit the disputed issue to the District court of Omsk, subject to the claim procedure. The term for consideration of the claim in five days"
If the contract stipulates the jurisdiction of either such do not, then the person must apply to the court at the defendant's domicile, whether it be a dispute of family relationship or legal entity. The importance of determining the correct jurisdiction is that in the case of the filing of the complaint by the rules of the statement is left without movement, and this is increasing the amount of time in solving disputes.
Filing a claim in the magistrate's court
You need to consult with a claim to the magistrate in the case of a decision in the following cases: about the court order, divorce if between spouses there is no dispute on children; about section between spouses of jointly acquired property when the price of the claim not exceeding fifty thousand rubles; arising from family law relations cases, except for Affairs about contest of paternity (motherhood), paternity, deprivation of parental rights, restriction of parental rights, on adoption (adoption) of a child, other cases involving disputes about children and cases on declaring a marriage as invalid; on property disputes, except cases on property inheritance and cases arising out of the relations on creation and use of results of intellectual activity, when the price of the claim not exceeding fifty thousand rubles.
Filing a claim in district court
The district court has jurisdiction in civil cases, except cases under the jurisdiction of the magistrate.
After filing the claim the judge within five days is obliged to consider the question of acceptance of the application to the court.While filing a claim in district court or a magistrate is considered as filing in the court of first instance.
When leaving the claim without movement the judge makes a decision, which specifies a reasonable period within which the claimant should eliminate the comments, such as feed to the competent court.Finding the right jurisdiction, the plaintiff will greatly facilitate the further progress of the case. But, as a rule, it is better to define the target jurisdiction and to specify in the contract conveniently geographically located for you by the court.