Advice 1: As in nature the orchids grow

Orchid is a popular house plant with colourful and big flowers, a frequent occupant of the window sills in the apartments have fans of home gardening. However, few people know how orchids grow in the wild.
As in nature the orchids grow
Instruction
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It is quite widely believed that if orchids are grown exclusively in tropical forests, but it is not. Orchid is a pretty hardy plant, it can live in different climatic zones with the exception of the too arid and cold areas. However, the greatest diversity of these unusual flowers can really be seen in the tropical and monsoon forests, where they provided the ideal conditions – high humidity, permanent air circulation and protection from direct sunlight. Orchids grow on all continents except Antarctica. In Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union to meet representatives of 49 genera of orchids.
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Many species of orchids are epiphytes, seladonia on tree trunks. However, don't confuse them with parasites – orchids do not use the nutrients of the trees, those only serve as a support and for energy color enough rotten leaves and insect remains. Also, these beautiful but not pampered plants are able to settle in the crevices of rocks, cracks in rocks and on the ground. Some types of orchids are able to withstand quite harsh conditions.
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During the evolution of the orchids developed a variety of tools to simplify their lives in the wild. Thick fleshy leaves to allow the flowers to retain much needed moisture during the dry season and to ride it. Many roots of orchids-epiphytes help them stick for support and intensively absorb water due to the upgrading of epithelial tissue. The lovely flowers attract not only humans but also the bees. Some types of orchids have gone further and developed the pollinator connection with mosquitoes, flies, butterflies, moths, hummingbirds and even bats, depending on the growing region and the wildlife that inhabit it.

Advice 2: What trees grow in Russia

In Russia grows over two thousand species of trees, but few of them are ubiquitous. Softwood is larch and pine, and deciduous – oak, aspen, alder and birch, which became a symbol of Russia.
What trees grow in Russia
Instruction
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Larch – a very common but amazing tree. Being a conifer, the larch drops needles for winter, justifying its name. Reaching the height of fifty feet, this tree lives for three or four hundred years. Despite the fact that larch is light demanding tree, to other factors, such as soil and climate, undemanding, and why, and got its wide distribution in Siberia and the far East, sometimes forming whole forests of larch.
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Pine also applies to conifers, like the larch, unpretentious. This is one of the most common trees in Russia. Only pine has more than one hundred of its varieties, growing from the equator to the North, but most of them concentrated in the Central and Northern parts of the Russian Federation.
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Oak is another widely common tree, which grows from the Eastern to the Western borders of our country. Oak grows very slowly, but under favorable conditions can live for fifteen hundred years, reaching up to fifty meters. It can grow in the woods and away from them, but loners usually lower than its forest counterparts. These trees have powerful root system, which protects them from even the most severe hurricanes. The fruits of the oak are acorns, which, having ripened, fall to the ground and become food for wild pigs.
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Aspen – a tree growing in most parts of the territory of Russia, except deserts, tundra, highlands and Northern regions too. The trunk is very slender, and the diameter can reach one meter. The lower branches grow almost parallel to the ground and the top reaching for the sky. Very interesting ways of reproduction of aspen. She rarely does this with seeds, and often simply discarded along with the leaves and young branches, which, after spending the winter under the snow, spring will take root and become independent trees.
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In Russia also there are two species of alder – black and grey. Alder loves water and grows along the banks of rivers, lakes and swamps. The contrast of the black from the gray alder is not only in a dark trunk, and that it absolutely does not get along with other types of trees.
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Birch grows throughout Russia and different from many other trees that its representatives can be found even in the Arctic circle, where growing dwarf birch, which reaches several inches in height. The usual height of the birch trees in the middle strip of Russia – at least twenty meters.

Advice 3: Where in the wild grow the most beautiful orchids

Orchids are valued for their unusual flowers. To choose the most beautiful Orchid is impossible, because it is modified according to the location of their habitat. The beauty of forest orchids, the modest and inconspicuous, and tropical — extravagant. But in any case, the Orchid affects the shape of a flower.
Where in the wild grow the most beautiful orchids
Even among 5-6 types of the most popular hybrids of orchids suitable for home growing, to choose the most beautiful is not easy. But what if in the wild there are about 30 thousand species and the scientists are still finding new ones. Unbelievable that such a fastidious home, wild Orchid is widespread in the tropics and Northern Siberia. It cannot exist only in Antarctica.

Orchids of Northern latitudes



Paying tribute to justice, it is necessary to arrange "casting" separately among the orchids, giants, dwarf and even subsoil types. After all, even the smallest Orchid is Platystele from Central and North America, the flower of which a pinhead no more, unusual beauty. If you see her flower closer, it resembles a sparkling Golden red star.

Naturally, the humble beauty of the vegetation of cold regions can not compete with Asian species. And yet to some it is much nicer. Sometimes just stepping through the flowering plant with growth of 10-20 cm, not everyone realizes that this is a wild Orchid in all its glory.

I must say that to meet the members of the family "orchids" in the Russian forests increasingly difficult. No wonder they are listed in the Red book: the spotted Orchis, and night violet. The people, they are known as "kukushkiny tears" and "Platanthera". Tiny wild flowers concentrated on top of the stem, prove their belonging to the elite genus of orchids to the presence of "lips". Only orchids it is lobed, and Lyubka solid.

Frost has an enviable lady's slipper, which is common from the British Isles to the Pacific ocean. Its name he received for a swollen "lip", decorated with red spots or stripes. Compared to the above cold-hardy representatives may, he is the most beautiful. Moreover, because the flowers have a much larger. Orchid calypso bulbosa soft pink and purple colors are also incredibly beautiful. Its homeland is the Urals.

Southern Belle



And yet when it comes to the beauty of the orchids, once submitted to tropical species, which was the beginning of the breeding cultural hybrids. Here they amaze with the variety of shapes, sizes and colors. However, the beauty of orchids rarely get wild instance, with really beautiful blooms. Most of them, unfortunately, disappear. Scientists explain this fact by the changes in the environment. Contributes and people.

One of the most beautiful, exotic and endangered species of spider Orchid, living in Victoria. Not surprising name, since all orchids resemble the shape of a flower that birds, butterflies, spiders, lizards. In some species the "lip" is very similar to the little man male. It is an Italian variety found on the island of Crete, and in Armenia.

In the tropical zone of India, Indonesia, southern China, the Philippines and Australia grows large Vanda Orchid, which can rightly be considered the Queen among wild species. She reaches meters tall, and the large flowers are collected in a single inflorescence. Although the flower is not different exotic form, but the striking variety of colors.

However, to name the most beautiful Orchid is unlikely, because in the humid tropics of Australia, America, Europe, you can find orchids epiphytes with beautiful flowers, the roots of which hang from the branches of trees. And in the marsh areas of Florida grows amazing flower Orchid Ghost. Compete in beauty and will take Japanese habenaria, the flower resembling the flight of the white Heron.
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