Advice 1: How to fertilize currants

Currant – one of the most common shrubs in home gardens. To some extent it is unpretentious, but for a good harvest and growth of demanding on the nutritional value of the soil. Therefore, the fertilizer should be systematic, but with an eye on the characteristics of the soil. Then, like any plant, currants thankfully will respond to the owner's attention.
How to fertilize currants
You will need
  • At the main fertilizer on 100m.kV.:
  • - rotted manure 3-4 kg;
  • - superphosphate of 3.5 – 4 kg;
  • potassium соль1 – 1.2 kg;
  • ammonium nitrate, 2 kg.
  • On the feeding of 100m.kV.:
  • ammonium nitrate 13 kg;
  • - wood ash (as substitute potassium salt) of 250-300 g per Bush.
Instruction
1
The main fertilizer in the soil for currants in the fall
Dig the soil under the currant bushes. Homeland, keep the shovel edge of the Bush, less to damage the roots. Near the bushes, dig deep, farther away from the base of the Bush, the deeper you can dig up the soil.
2
While digging, make the well rotted manure. It rotted, because fresh will burn the fibrous roots of currant. Use manure 3-4 kg per sq. m make Sure you add superphosphate (30-40 g/sq. m.) and potassium salt (10-12 g/sq. m.). Instead of the potassium salt can use wood ash (240 to 300 g/sq. m.)
3
The main fertilizer in the spring soil
Spend this fertilizer only if in the autumn you did not do basic fertilizer of the soil. Spend digging in early spring as soon as will allow the soil. Prepare organic and mineral fertilizers. This time of year is best to use the manure slurry or poultry manure. They must be diluted with water. The manure is diluted in the ratio 1:3 and well mixed. Bird droppings diluted at the rate of 1 kg per 2 buckets of water. Use a complete fertilizer, also spreading it with water at the rate of 1 kg in 5-6 buckets of water.
4
Dig on both sides of each Bush, at a distance of half a meter, groove depth of 10 cm Make them into liquid fertilizer. Slurry will need 6 years in the Bush (bird droppings – 4 years), complete fertilizer – half a bucket on a Bush. Instead of finished fertilizers can take 20g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium salt and dissolve them in half a bucket of water. Once the water is absorbed, the grooves pricopie and loosen the soil.
5
Fertilizing the soil in spring
Make a spring fertilizer, if you fall you are completely fertilized soil. Will vzryhlite the soil under the bushes. Make the grooves as described in the previous step. Make 50-60 g of ammonium nitrate or 40-45 g of urea (based on hive). Both can be diluted in 2.5 l of water. Feed black currants in the same amount of ammonium nitrate on the Bush during the formation of the ovaries.
6
Feeding the soil in the summer
Spend the last feeding after harvest. To feed again of ammonium nitrate or urea, but only in smaller doses – 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate and 20-30 g of urea per Bush. Liberally pour plants. On every Bush use 2-3 buckets of water.
Useful advice
On the rich and heavy loam soil basic fertilizer can be made every 3-4 years, increasing the dose, respectively, in 3-4 times. On poor loamy soils and sandy and loamy Sands, peat the main fertilizer should be conducted annually, as well as enhanced summer feeding – added liquid organic and mineral fertilizers.

Advice 2 : How often to water currant

Currants can be found in almost every garden plot. This undemanding shrub easily survives even on unproductive soils, and even fruits. However, for large and juicy berries currants on any site should be properly watered.
How often to water currant
Currant bushes quite unpretentious, individual and specially designed care they require, and also this berry contains the maximum amount of nutrients:
- vitamins C, E, D;
- antioxidants that benefit the skin.

Even the currant leaves are used as tea leaves for tea: this medicinal drink helps to enrich the body with vitamins, fights fatigue and nervous tension, soothes and tones.
Colors are divided most often black, red and yellow currants.


Root watering



It is believed that in the early spring, somewhere in April, when there will be a little frozen ground, watering the shrubs with hot water (not boiling water). This is done in order to wash with hot stream of dirt and harmful substances from the Bush. Pour this water better every week. In summer, use plain cold or lukewarm, warmed by the sun water.

Can around the currant Bush, to dig small holes directly near the roots and cover them with water, so the water will be better to get the roots and evenly moisten the soil.

Spray



One of the common methods of irrigation is the spraying. It is not the most productive method of irrigation, but in dry years, for example, during the departure of the owners makes a gardeners.

Sprinklers irrigation systems are installed at a distance of 50 cm from each shrub, the elevation of the head of the sprayer should be 15-20 cm higher than the level of the Bush. The moisture in this irrigation gets completely and the whole Bush and on the ground. Watering with this method you need to exercise early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset. Spraying water under the bright and hot sun will cause leaf scorch and death of the shrub.
Currant does not tolerate alkaline and saline compounds, which may be contained in water for irrigation.


It should be noted that blackcurrant is a berry that is very fond of moisture, in the wild it grows most often near ponds and rivers. The lack of moisture greatly affects the crop of berries, the shrubs need to be watered as often as possible until mid-August.

Gardeners often water the currant bushes in the following way: once in the period of formation, two times in the ripening period of the fruit, once or twice after harvest. Even after you have harvested the berries, be sure to water the bushes so that the water has permeated the soil to the root depth: approximately 50-60 cm.
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