Advice 1: How to count the days of travel

The exact number of full days in a business trip has a value to calculate erasedniu daily and complete the documentation for spent they time. In General, the formal aspect of this procedure is quite simple, but some details you must know in order to avoid possible errors.
How to count the days of travel
You will need
  • - trip certificate stamped on departure and arrival;
  • - return tickets;
  • calendar;
  • calculator.
Instruction
1
The first rule to keep in mind day trips are not only each full day spent by an employee in transit and at the place where he was dispatched, but the days of arrival and departure. Even if the worker, as seen from the ticket, departed on a business trip at 23:59, technically it is considered spent in the business all day the day of the departure of his train or other transport. But that actually of those days he spent on the road only a minute of no importance.
2
The same should work if a train (or other vehicle) has arrived at 0 hours 1 minute.
Moreover, even if arriving at night, the employee had enough time to sleep prior to the start of the day, the day he is strictly by the letter of the law may not appear in the workplace, as it formally still is in business trip. In practice it depends on many nuances: awareness of employee relations in the firm, corporate culture, the situation in manufacturing in a particular case and various other factors. But formally to demand from the employee on the day of return from travel to go to work, no one can.
3
Difficulty counting days of travel is also associated with the need to drive from the city, where lives a worker to the airport. If the plane leaves the night of the next day, the start time of the trip is normally the time of landing of an employee in the vehicle, delivers it to the airport (bus, train, Express). Simply put, the man flew away at 4 a.m. Monday, but to get to the airport located outside the city limits, he had at 23:00 Sunday to take the last bus. In this case, the departure day is Sunday. Same situation with the day of arrival.
4
With all these moments and days of stay in business trip. Thus, the accountant or other official in charge of documentation for travel must come from the documented time of arrival and departure seconded and the calendar should count the number of full days from the first date to the second, inclusive. Received a number by the law and is the time spent by an employee on a business trip.
Note
In practice, some companies (usually with foreign participation or in the payment of business trips of foreign partner) day trips may be considered only full day spent by the employee directly to the destination.

For example, consider a situation where an employee was seconded from Moscow to St. Petersburg and held in the Northern capital two days. For this, he left Moscow on Monday evening, arrived in the city on the Neva on Tuesday morning, and Wednesday evening we drove back to Moscow, and his train arrived at the Leningrad railway station on Thursday morning. Under Russian law, he was on a business trip for four days - from Monday to Thursday inclusive. And for foreigners can be considered that the employee was absent for only two days. Thus, the allowance of foreign companies for two days significantly more standard Russian for four. However, according to statements of the Russian regulatory authorities in such a situation, all is made likely by the domestic standard, as no special order of registration of travel when paying their foreigners by the laws of the Russian Federation is not provided.
Useful advice
Knowing these nuances will not hurt themselves and sent, as their is very desirable to be taken into account when writing statements and filling in travel documents dates of departure from initial point of travel and return to him.

Advice 2 : How to calculate per diem

For commercial organizations the upper limit of subsistence allowance applicable legislation. Thus, each has the right to establish for their employees a private limit. Some frameworks exist regarding the time of stay in business trip and, accordingly, should be paid per diem.
How to calculate per diem
You will need
  • - tickets confirming departure of an employee on a business trip and returning from it;
  • - daily allowance set by your company;
  • calculator.
Instruction
1
In determining the upper limit of DSA you need to consider that when size to 700 rubles per day in the case of trips across Russia from the employee do not need to withhold personal income tax at a rate of 13%. But if you exceed this limit to pay it will have. This allowance needs to be fixed in order for the enterprise, the collective labour agreement or in any other way.
2
The day of departure, the employee shall be the date his vehicle out of the village, where located travel organization, and return - arrival. At the same time for the departure day and arrival day per diem are paid in full, even if the employee left late in the evening (though at 23:59), and returned early in the morning or in the night after the onset of the new day (starting 0:00).
If the employee is in the morning after returning from one business trip, the evening went to another, per diem for the day of arrival from and one departure to another charged him twice for each trip separately.
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When the location of the station or the airport outside the city limits may be set to the time it takes the employee the way to the train or the plane.
For example, an employee leaves on a business trip in 0:25 and returns at 23:15 and the airport is at a distance from the city. Obviously, he must register no later than 40 minutes before departure, i.e. at 23:35. And on the way back to go home only after midnight.
In this case, the date of departure should be the number the day before departure, but the return - day of the later of the date of arrival of the return flight.
4
Spores also cause trips, called local: when an employee travels to a nearby town, where can return on the same day. In this case, he needs to pay for the road, and the question regarding the per diem is at the discretion of the head of the organization. As a rule, if the employee did not have to spend the night in the village where he was seconded per diem he did not pay.
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Knowing the number of days that the employee is officially listed on a business trip, calculate the daily simple. Need to get this number, including weekends and holidays, and multiply by the per diem established in your organization. For example, if an employee spent in the business trip 10 days and daily allowance is 700 p., their total size at the end of the trip is equal to 7 thousand.
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