Prior to analyzing any art works, collect information about the time and the conditions of its creation. It concerns social and political events of the time and stage of development of literature in General. Mention, as he was met with the book by readers and critics of the era.
Regardless of the type of works it is necessary to determine its subject. This is the subject of the narrative. Also identify the basic problem, which considers the author a question or situation that does not have a unique solution. In the context of one theme in a work may be considered a few problems.
Highlight the idea expressed by the author. It is proposed the method of solving the problem. If they at this stage can not be, the writer will indicate the need and the scope of the search.
Write how you saw the attitude of the author toward the subject, and the problem works. Explain how you came to that conclusion. See the author's point of view in direct estimates and replicas, and in the subtext.
Analyze the content and form of the book. If you are reading poetry, focus on the image of the lyrical hero. Tell us how it is created and describe the thoughts and feelings expressed. Suppose how far this image is from the actual biographical author.Please note the form works. Determine what size it is written, what are rhyme and rhythm used by the author, for what purpose. Describe trails and stylistic figures used in the text and give examples for each of the items.
If you analyze the epic, after determining the subjects and issues what are all the plot lines that are in the book. Then for each of them shall describe the plot diagram (exposition, exposition, development of action, climax, denouement).
Speaking of composition, note how linked all parts of the works, whether they are accompanied by the reasoning of the author (lyrical digressions), additional images and pictures, inserts additional stories ("story").
Describe the images of the main characters of a work, see how they interact, how are conflicts.
After the main part of the analysis, and lyric poetry, and epic describe the author's style, the peculiarities of choosing a topic, building plot, language techniques, characteristic for his works.
Next, identify the literary movement to which the book and the genre works. What are the signs that indicate this. If the author violated some "rules" tell us how and why he did it.
In conclusion, share your own emotions and associations caused by the book. Rate how important the work is and how it is perceived in a modern context.