Advice 1: How to tell the time by the sun

While Hiking on a walk in an unfamiliar area or going to the woods for mushrooms and berries, you can be in a situation when you want to know the time without a watch. In fact, the watch can break or stop. In these times, when almost everyone has a mobile phone with a built-in clock, this situation is unlikely, let us imagine that we need to know the time in the sun. Is it possible?
How to tell the time by the sun
You will need
  • Compass
Instruction
1
The easiest way to determine the time in Sunny weather, implies that you have information about how in the area located the part of the horizon. The direction of the North, being in nature, can be determined by a fairly well-known indications, for example, the location of the nests (they are usually located on the South side of trees). Another example: the altars of Orthodox churches facing East, it will also allow you to navigate the terrain.
2
Knowing the part of the horizon in the place of its location and with the sight of the sun, you can quite accurately determine the current time. The calculations use the following considerations: at six in the morning the sun is in the East, at nine in the morning – in the South-West, at noon in the South (shadows at this time very short), three hours of the day – in the South-West. At six in the evening the sun is in the West.
3
If you happened to be in the polar region, where the solar disk is visible at night, to determine the time remember that at midnight the sun occupies the lowest position above the horizon.
4
With a compass, you can also quite accurately determine the time by the sun. To begin with, remember that the disk of the sun moves across the sky at a speed of 15 degrees per hour.
5
Measure the azimuth of the sun. To do this, first Orient the compass, setting the zero division in the direction that the arrow is pointing compass. The angle between the zero division and the direction to sun, measured in the direction of clockwise, is the azimuth of the sun.
6
The obtained value of the azimuth of the divide by 15. For example, the azimuth of the sun was 90 degrees. Dividing 90 by 15, you get 6 hours.In the calculations on the territory of Russia observe daylight savings time. It is necessary to add one hour. In addition, in many countries made the transition to summer time, so you need to add another hour to the result.

Advice 2: How to know the azimuth

Everyone at least once in my life had to walk in the woods and think about what to do if you get lost. To navigate the terrain can be different, a lot of ways, the most common are the compass and visible objects surrounding countryside.
How to know the azimuth
Instruction
1
The azimuth is the angle formed between the direction of any visible object area and the direction of the North. The Azimuts is calculated clockwise and the value is from 0 to 360 degrees. To determine the magnetic bearing of the object, take a compass and stand facing the designated object.
2
Put the compass on a horizontal flat surface face up and turn left, then right, until the arrow of the compass the magnetized end will not install in front of the letter S. This is the direction of the North.
3
Now on the glass cover of the compass, place the match so that one end of it passed through the center of the compass, and the other would be focused on selected subject areas. View through the glass on the bottom of the compass and read the number that is under the outer end of a match. This figure shows the value of the azimuth.
4
The azimuth can be determined even on the map. To do this, place the side edge of the card compass, turn the map so that its side edge coincided with the direction of the magnetic compass to the North. The top edge of the card must be on the letter C. Then locate a point on the map which you want to start a movement, join it by a straight line with the object to which you want to come. After you move the compass so that its center was on the point of origin. Hell on the map will be located opposite certain of the numbers on the compass, which will show the azimuth value.
5
The azimuthcalculated from the point of standing in the subject area, known as a direct magnetic azimuth. To find the way back, often using the notion of inverse azimuth that is 180 degrees different from the direct. To determine back azimuth, it is necessary to direct the azimuth, add 180 degrees, if it is less than 180 degrees; or subtract if it is greater than 180 degrees.
Useful advice
It is not recommended to raise the compass to eye level - the measurement accuracy is reduced.

Advice 3: How to know the time of namaz

Prayer (Salat) is one of the most important pillars of religion. Perform Salat is the duty of every Muslim who has attained the age bulug (puberty) and with a healthy mind. Muslims are required to perform 5 prayers a day at certain times. Determine the times of prayer mainly on the movement of the sun.
How to know the time of namaz
Instruction
1
Morning prayer

Morning prayer begins with dawn and lasts until the beginning of sunrise. Need to have time to read it before the appearance of the sun above the horizon. Because during sunrise, sunset and while at the Zenith of his prayers is prohibited. If the prayer to begin before sunrise, but during the time of prayer will begin the sunrise, such a prayer is considered invalid.
2
Daily prayer

Run time daily prayer begins with the location of the sun in the Zenith and as long as the shadow of the objects will not be equal to their double length, plus the added shade during the Zenith.
3
The late afternoon prayer

The time for afternoon prayer starts after the end time of the daily prayers. Lasts until sunset. Note that the prayer is considered invalid and during sunset. But unlike morning prayer, afternoon prayer, during which the sun starting to set, you are allowed to read, it will be considered valid.
4
Evening prayer

The time of evening prayer lasts from the full sunset until the complete disappearance of light in the Western side of the horizon. Note that in some areas of Russia in the summer months, the light at the Western side does not disappear. In such cases, other rules may apply for determining the time of prayer. You can learn about them in the local religious organizations in their place of residence.
5
Night prayer

The time of performing the night prayer begins after the evening and lasts until morning prayers.
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