To start work on preparing the soil better in the fall. For this area under potatoes sow winter rye. First, it is an excellent fertilizer, and secondly, the roots of rye good loose soil and significantly improve its structure. In the spring of with the cultivator dig into soil rye, along with greens and roots. If there is no tiller, you can use the plane.
To take care of the seed potatoes is better. In late summer, selected potatoes, rinse thoroughly, dry and store in a cold cellar.
In the spring, once the threat of frost passes and weather conditions permit, you need to make furrows with a distance between them of 65-70 cm and a depth of about 15 cm In each pour as fertilizer ash and stack potatoes.
A few weeks after planting potatoes you will inevitably face with the weeds. Their destruction is necessary harrowing (tilling) of the soil. Bush better as soon as I notice seedlings of weeds or soil crust.
Potato tubers must be Spud. Completed on time earthing up, especially after a heavy watering, can increase the yield of potatoes by 20-30%. Start hilling needed when the seedlings have grown to 12-15 cm, the Second hilling required during active growth of the potato.
Your harvest will be much higher, if at the time of hilling you pay attention to the fertilizer tubers. Under potassium deficiency the potato leaves are narrow and pale. When lack of nitrogen, growth is slowing, and the lower branches die off. If phosphorus deficiency the leaves of the foliage begin to marchwitza, acquiring a dull dark color. And the lack of magnesium and zinc are indicative of brown spots on the lower leaves.
Potatoes are very moisture-loving culture, so it is very important during a drought to water the soil. If the summer is dry, water the potato is better two times. It is desirable to combine the irrigation season with another hilling.
The main disease of potatoes is late blight. Depending on weather conditions, its emergence has to be either at the beginning or at the end of flowering. The first thing she strikes the potato leaves, then stems and whole plants. In order to protect against Phytophthora, it is recommended to use for planting potatoes early varieties.
Do not forget that a timely harvest will help to obtain potatoes of the highest quality. The best time of harvest – end of August-beginning of September.