You will need
- Sheet of rigid transparent film
- Rolling ruler for drawing parallel lines
- Hobby knife
Decide what height and width will be printed lettersthat you are going to put on a sheet of paper and what will be the spacing between letters and between lines.
Roller taking a ruler and an awl, try to put on a sheet of transparent film is parallel to the horizontal line. The step between them must be equal to the height of letters, spacing between lines, and so alternately.
Now similarly apply to the sheet of transparent film with parallel vertical lines, the spacing of which must be equal to the width of the letters, the spacing between the letters.
After completing these operations you will find that the sheet of film covered with rectangles, locations of which correspond to the site of application letters. A modeling knife to cut out all those rectangles.
Now you have the stencil, but not normal, and universal, preserving only information about the location of signs, not their orientation. This means that by putting a stencil on a sheet of paper in each of the rectangles can be inscribed with a felt pen the letters of Roman alphabet, a digit, a punctuation mark, a mathematical symbol or any other sign. And they all have the same dimensions and are located on the same paper in neat rows.
To write text in block letters in an arc, fabricate a special fixture. It is a strip of transparent film, one end of which holes. Its width and height equal to the width and the height of the letters. Strip length is taken to be slightly greater than the radius of the arc, which is supposed to put text. The opposite end of the strip is fixed to the sheet of paper with an awl in the center of the arc. Causing sign, turn off the strip at such an angle to the right edge of the sign coincided with the left edge of the strip, then applied the next sign. The distances between the signs are the same, and they are located on a flat arc.
Additional expressiveness to the text, printed on paper in such a way, can be given using colored markers.
Be careful when handling with a modeling knife.
Advice 2 : How to learn beautiful handwriting
To learn something new, including a beautiful handwriting, you need a strong enough motivation that will inspire you to regular exercise. Also going to need the indomitable will power which will not allow you to evade achieve these plans.
Remember what said the cat Begemot from "Master and Margarita", when asked how he so craftily eat the pickle fork? He said, "All exercise is achieved". This great simple formula should not just remember, but to write the most beautiful handwriting that you are capable of, and hang over a Desk, as a call to action.
Then you'll need tons of paper and lots of pencils and pens. Just don't say that bad dancer the floor is stopping. It is for this reason that it's a bad floor. Choose the best paper and the best writing materials. Because it will be difficult, and it is necessary that high quality paper and "pen" brightened your suffering and gave you pleasure.
Write as often as possible. Rip favorite books. Write letters loved. Turn on the radio and write what it says. Develop hand.
Let the hand works not only with email but also with other subjects. Iterate over the beads, squeeze and do this with your expander, learn to eat Chinese with chopsticks and at the same time and write Chinese characters. After them a letter in their native language will seem nearer and dearer.
Try to go on the other side. As we know from graphology (science of handwriting), handwriting is a reflection of character. And if your handwriting is poor, take the work on themselves, change the character for the better. You could even say, start to develop your character. This will be useful in the regular classroom with words to hooks and curls do not tied you to the curb.
One of the important components you should be interesting. Love what you are doing. Listen, what's the thrill begins to cover you with a clean white sheet. Re-Read "The Overcoat" By Gogol. Take a look at Akaky's new, imagine that you're him, that you also love letters. Maybe they will love you back and stand in a row of beautiful handwriting, to which you aspire.
Advice 3 : How to write numbers in words
The number on the letter can be issued in three ways: alphabetic, numeric and mixed. And if the latter two usually does not cause difficulties, to use a letter method, you must remember a few rules.
Literal way, that is in wordsin the text are indicated unambiguous cardinal numbers, except when they relate to physical quantities. However, if the unit of the physical quantity is not given in the abbreviation and the full word, and number you can write in words (7 kilograms to seven kilograms).
Numerals are divided into quantitative (indicate number of units), sequence number (indicates the order of units in the account), collectively (two, three), fractional. The number of stems and words they are divided into complex (based consists of several parts – seventy, five hundred) and a compound (multiple words). Identifying the type of numeral, which you need to write, you can apply to it the rules applicable to each of these groups.
Cardinal numbers "forty", "ninety" and "hundred" are used in this form in the nominative and accusative cases, in other cases you should write: "forty", "ninety", "hundred". The word "half" also has two forms – "half" (or "fifteen" – in the feminine) in the nominative and accusative cases, all the rest will be written "a half". Numerals "two", "three" and "four", and all collectively will be to lean on the model of adjectives.
Words for numbers from five to nine inclusive, and numerals ending in –dtsat, -Oh, lean on the model of nouns of the third declension.
Extra care must be taken when writing numbers denoting hundreds (from 200 to 900, inclusive). In the genitive they will end with –hundred in the dative –Stam, by hundred, prepositional –Stach.
In complex and compound cardinal numbers in the decline change all part numbers such as seventy, fifty eight). In compound ordinal numbers only bends the last word (fifty-eighth).
Complex numerals are written together, and the composite is separated. Moreover, the number of words in a compound numeral is equal to the number of digits, not counting zeroes (this can be added the words "thousand", "million", etc.). Ordinal numbers ending in –thousandth, millionth, etc. should be written as one word.
Advice 4 : How to make bulk numbers of paper
Volume numbers may be part of the birthday. Well they look for the New year. To make such figures possible from the foam, the heat insulation material is laid and other materials, easy to process and well shaped. If nothing of the kind at hand, and will fit on paper, but it should be plenty.
Make the workpiece
For the manufacture of small figures suitable old Newspapers or paper for printers. Large numbers it is best to make paper Wallpaper. For a couple of numbers will suffice half of the roll. Need more PVA glue or starch paste, a sharp knife, a piece of cardboard for a template, latex paint, foil or colored paper, gouache.
Make a cardboard template. It just needs a figure in full size. If you want to have it with a slotted pattern on the template and cut out the pattern. Of the Wallpaper pattern will have plenty of blanks. There should be no less than twenty. If your figure will be no slots, just trace over the pattern twenty times and cut out each piece. For figures with hollow out half of the blanks to make solid, and half – Welt with pattern.
Lay one piece. Thoroughly lubricate it with glue. Gently lay the second workpiece, aligning all edges. Allow the layers to dry then apply the next sheet, the fourth, fifth, etc. If the figure is solid, just glue all the blanks. Align the edges with fine sand paper. Cover the figure with latex paint and top paint with gouache. You can cover your creation with acrylic lacquer or even hairspray.
To make the figure with a slotted pattern, glue the first half – the bottom without a pattern, the upper pattern. The upper part Prime and paint. The half that is at the bottom, place foil or colored paper. Glue the layer with the slits. Such figures will look good floral or geometric pattern. You can make a design in folk style – for example, East.
The numbers of non-corrugated paper
For such figures need packaging Board and corrugated paper. The thicker the cardboard, the more effectively it will look a digit or letter. Draw the desired number directly on the cardboard (preferably with a ballpoint pen or marker), cut it out. Remove the edges of the most notable irregularities. Perfectly straight line in this case is not needed, the circuits will be hidden by the fringe of corrugated paper.
Paper cut into strips. Their length should be about one and a half times the width of the letters to the strip it was possible to close the sides of the workpiece and still have the allowance to glue it to the backside. Cut each strip comb. Stick the strips start from the bottom. Each following strip stick so that the fringe had closed the strip attached to the cardboard. The upper strip is better to make some wider than the others, in order to bend on the back side.
These figures are for panels. If the decoration will stand on the table, you need to wrap the fringe all of the letters, and the bottom to make the stand (e.g., thick cardboard).